IGNOU MTTM 11 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MTTM 11 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU MMTM 11 TOURISM PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU MTTM 11 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU MTTM 11 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

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IGNOU MTTM 11 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23  is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field.
IGNOU MTTM 11 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MTTM 11 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q1. Discuss the importance of tourism planning by highlighting the various steps involved in the
planning process.

Tourism planning is a crucial aspect of sustainable development in any destination. It involves the systematic process of developing strategies, policies, and guidelines to manage tourism growth and its impact on the environment, economy, and society. Effective tourism planning can help destinations maximize the benefits of tourism while minimizing its negative impacts. Here are some of the steps involved in the tourism planning process:

  • Situational analysis: This involves analyzing the current tourism situation in the destination. It includes studying the existing tourism products, infrastructure, marketing strategies, and the socio-economic and environmental impacts of tourism.
  • Setting objectives: The destination’s stakeholders, including the government, private sector, and local communities, should agree on the objectives of tourism development. These objectives should be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound.
  • Stakeholder consultation: Consultation with stakeholders is crucial in tourism planning. Stakeholders should be involved in all stages of the planning process to ensure that their views and concerns are taken into consideration.
  • Market research: Conducting market research is essential in understanding the demand for tourism products and services, consumer behavior, and trends. This information can be used to develop new tourism products and services.
  • Destination marketing: Tourism planning involves developing marketing strategies to promote the destination to the target market segments. Effective marketing can help attract visitors and increase tourism revenue.
  • Infrastructure development: Infrastructure development is essential to support tourism growth. It includes developing transportation systems, accommodation facilities, and tourist attractions.
  • Environmental and cultural preservation: Tourism planning should consider the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage of the destination. Sustainable tourism development can help protect the environment and cultural resources for future generations.
  • Monitoring and evaluation: Regular monitoring and evaluation are essential to assess the effectiveness of tourism planning. This helps identify the strengths and weaknesses of the tourism industry and adjust the planning process accordingly.

In conclusion, tourism planning is vital to ensure sustainable tourism development. It involves a systematic process of analyzing the current situation, setting objectives, consulting with stakeholders, conducting market research, developing marketing strategies, infrastructure development, environmental and cultural preservation, and monitoring and evaluation. A well-planned tourism industry can maximize the benefits of tourism while minimizing its negative impacts, leading to the sustainable development of the destination.

2. Write short notes on the following:

a) Interactive Planning & Conventional Planning

Interactive planning and conventional planning are two different approaches to planning that can be used in various fields, such as business, urban planning, and education.

Conventional planning is a traditional approach to planning that typically involves a hierarchical structure, where a top-down decision-making process takes place. The planning process usually involves defining objectives, creating a plan, allocating resources, and implementing the plan. This approach tends to be more formal and rigid in nature, with little room for adaptation or feedback.

Interactive planning, on the other hand, is a more collaborative approach to planning that emphasizes active participation and dialogue among stakeholders. This approach aims to involve all relevant parties in the planning process, including citizens, experts, and government officials. Interactive planning tends to be more flexible and adaptable, as it allows for feedback and input from stakeholders throughout the planning process.

Interactive planning is often seen as a more effective and democratic approach to planning, as it takes into account the diverse perspectives and needs of stakeholders. However, conventional planning can still be useful in certain situations, such as when quick decisions need to be made or when a clear hierarchy of decision-making is necessary. Ultimately, the choice of planning approach depends on the specific context and goals of the planning process.

b) Components of a Tourism system

A tourism system is a complex network of various elements that work together to provide a seamless travel experience to tourists. Some of the key components of a tourism system are:

  • Tourists: Tourists are the most essential component of the tourism system. They are the reason why the tourism system exists and thrive. Without them, there would be no tourism industry.
  • Accommodation: Accommodation is an integral part of the tourism system. It includes all the places where tourists can stay during their travel, such as hotels, resorts, motels, lodges, and guesthouses.
  • Transportation: Transportation is another critical component of the tourism system. It includes all the modes of transportation that tourists use to reach their destination, move around during their stay, and return home. These modes can range from cars, buses, trains, airplanes, and ships.
  • Attractions: Attractions are the places and activities that tourists visit and engage in during their travels. These can include natural attractions, historical sites, cultural events, museums, theme parks, and recreational activities.
  • Tour Operators: Tour operators are companies that organize and sell tour packages to tourists. They are responsible for creating itineraries, making travel arrangements, providing transportation, and arranging accommodation for tourists.
  • Travel Agencies: Travel agencies are businesses that provide travel-related services to tourists, such as booking flights, making hotel reservations, arranging tours, and providing travel advice.
  • Tourism Infrastructure: Tourism infrastructure includes all the physical and institutional elements that support the tourism industry, such as airports, roads, communication networks, banking services, and tourism policies and regulations.
  • Local Communities: Local communities are also an essential component of the tourism system. They provide the culture, traditions, and unique experiences that attract tourists to a particular destination. Local communities can also benefit from the tourism industry through increased employment opportunities and economic growth.

All these components of the tourism system work together to create a seamless travel experience for tourists while also supporting the local economy and promoting sustainable tourism practices.

Q3. What do you understand by environmental planning process? Discuss the steps involved in the
environmental planning process.

Environmental planning is the process of designing and managing the physical and social development of natural and built environments in ways that promote sustainability, protect ecosystems and natural resources, and enhance the quality of life for people.

The environmental planning process typically involves the following steps:

  • Environmental Assessment: This involves collecting data and conducting analyses to understand the existing environmental conditions of an area, identify potential environmental impacts of proposed development activities, and determine the best course of action to avoid, minimize, or mitigate those impacts.
  • Goal and Objective Setting: This step involves defining the desired environmental outcomes and setting specific goals and objectives to achieve them. These goals and objectives should be developed in consultation with stakeholders and should be aligned with broader policy objectives and sustainability principles.
  • Plan Development: Based on the environmental assessment and goal-setting process, a plan is developed that outlines the strategies, policies, and actions needed to achieve the desired environmental outcomes. This plan may be a standalone environmental plan or may be integrated into broader planning frameworks, such as land use plans or transportation plans.
  • Implementation: This involves putting the plan into action by allocating resources, implementing policies and regulations, and coordinating actions among stakeholders. Effective implementation requires collaboration and coordination among multiple agencies, organizations, and individuals.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: Once the plan is implemented, it is important to monitor and evaluate its effectiveness in achieving the desired environmental outcomes. This step involves collecting data, tracking progress, and identifying areas where improvements can be made. Based on the results of monitoring and evaluation, the plan may need to be revised or updated to ensure continued progress towards achieving the desired environmental outcomes.

Overall, the environmental planning process is a dynamic and iterative process that requires ongoing engagement with stakeholders, data-driven decision-making, and a commitment to sustainability principles.

Q4. What are the various techniques that can be applied to enhance the economic benefits of

There are several techniques that can be applied to enhance the economic benefits of tourism. Some of them are:

  • Diversification of tourism products: This involves the creation of new and diverse tourism products to attract a wider range of tourists. This includes the development of new attractions, events, and activities that are tailored to the interests of different types of tourists.
  • Infrastructure development: The development of infrastructure such as airports, roads, and public transportation can help to improve accessibility and make it easier for tourists to visit and explore a destination.
  • Marketing and promotion: Effective marketing and promotion of a destination can help to increase the number of tourists who visit and spend money in the local economy. This can be done through social media, digital marketing, and traditional advertising.
  • Community involvement: Engaging the local community in the development and management of tourism can help to ensure that the economic benefits are shared more widely. This can involve training and employment opportunities, as well as support for local businesses.
  • Sustainable tourism practices: Adopting sustainable tourism practices can help to ensure that tourism development does not have a negative impact on the environment or local communities. This includes measures such as responsible tourism, waste reduction, and the use of renewable energy sources.
  • Collaboration and partnerships: Collaboration and partnerships between government, tourism operators, and other stakeholders can help to ensure that tourism development is well-planned and sustainable. This can involve joint marketing and promotion, as well as the development of shared infrastructure and resources.

Q5. “Tourism is a highly political phenomenon”. Elaborate on the statement by emphasizing on the
role of government in tourism planning.

The statement that “tourism is a highly political phenomenon” is quite accurate, as tourism has significant economic, social, cultural, and environmental impacts on destinations and their communities. As a result, the government’s role in tourism planning and management is critical.

Governments play a crucial role in tourism development by establishing policies, regulations, and strategies that encourage and manage tourism growth. They are responsible for creating an environment that fosters tourism growth while ensuring the protection of the natural and cultural resources upon which the industry depends.

Governments also play a vital role in promoting their countries as tourist destinations, both domestically and internationally. They invest in marketing campaigns, public relations efforts, and other promotional activities that attract visitors and showcase the unique attractions and experiences available in their countries.

Additionally, governments regulate the tourism industry, including issues such as licensing, taxation, and health and safety standards. They also provide essential infrastructure such as transportation systems, airports, and public amenities like parks, museums, and other cultural sites that are vital to the tourist experience.

Furthermore, governments may also provide financial support to the tourism industry through incentives and subsidies to encourage investment and growth. They may also fund research and development efforts aimed at improving tourism products and services, enhancing visitor experiences, and promoting sustainable tourism practices.

In summary, the government’s role in tourism planning is vital in ensuring the sustainable development of the industry. They must balance the economic benefits of tourism with the preservation of cultural and natural resources and the protection of the community’s interests. Therefore, tourism planning should involve a collaborative approach between the government, the private sector, and the local community.

Q6. Discuss the major elements of plan implementation in tourism.

Plan implementation in tourism involves the execution of the strategies and actions outlined in the tourism plan. The following are the major elements of plan implementation in tourism:

  • Resource allocation: Resource allocation involves the allocation of financial, human, and physical resources required to implement the tourism plan. This includes budgeting, procurement of resources, and assigning staff to specific tasks.
  • Marketing and promotion: Marketing and promotion involve creating awareness about the tourism plan and the destination among the target market. This includes advertising, public relations, and promotions aimed at attracting visitors.
  • Infrastructure development: Infrastructure development involves the development and improvement of physical infrastructure such as roads, airports, and tourist attractions. This is necessary to enhance the tourism experience and attract more visitors to the destination.
  • Stakeholder engagement: Stakeholder engagement involves involving stakeholders such as local communities, tourism operators, and government agencies in the tourism planning and implementation process. This helps to ensure their support and cooperation in achieving the tourism plan’s objectives.
  • Capacity building: Capacity building involves developing the skills and knowledge of tourism industry stakeholders, such as tour guides, hospitality staff, and local entrepreneurs, to enable them to provide quality services to tourists.
  • Monitoring and evaluation: Monitoring and evaluation involve tracking the implementation of the tourism plan and evaluating its effectiveness. This helps to identify areas of success and areas that require improvement, enabling adjustments to be made to the plan.

Overall, effective plan implementation in tourism requires the coordination of various stakeholders, efficient resource allocation, and a commitment to ongoing monitoring and evaluation.

Q7. Discuss the role played by the public and private sector in tourism planning.

Tourism planning involves the identification of opportunities and the development of strategies to support sustainable growth in the tourism industry. Both the public and private sectors play important roles in tourism planning, and their collaboration is essential to achieving successful outcomes.

Public Sector: The public sector comprises government agencies, authorities, and other bodies responsible for creating policies and regulations that guide tourism development. The public sector plays a vital role in tourism planning, including:

  • Policy Development: The public sector formulates policies that promote tourism development, such as improving infrastructure, environmental protection, and cultural preservation. The policies aim to provide a conducive environment for tourism growth and ensure that tourism activities are sustainable.
  • Destination Marketing: The public sector is responsible for marketing the destination to potential tourists. Governments use various marketing techniques such as advertising, events, and social media campaigns to promote their destination.
  • Infrastructure Development: The public sector is responsible for providing infrastructure such as transportation systems, accommodations, and public facilities. Governments invest in infrastructure development to create a favorable environment for tourism activities.

Private Sector: The private sector comprises businesses and organizations involved in tourism activities, such as hotels, tour operators, restaurants, and airlines. The private sector plays a crucial role in tourism planning, including:

  • Investment in Tourism Infrastructure: The private sector invests in tourism infrastructure such as hotels, resorts, restaurants, and other tourism facilities. They also invest in the development of tourism attractions such as theme parks and museums.
  • Product Development: The private sector is responsible for developing tourism products such as tour packages, activities, and experiences. They design these products to meet the needs and preferences of different types of tourists.
  • Promotion and Sales: The private sector promotes and sells tourism products and services to tourists. They use various marketing channels such as social media, travel agencies, and online booking platforms to reach potential customers.

Collaboration between Public and Private Sector: The public and private sectors collaborate to achieve successful tourism planning outcomes. Collaboration involves sharing information, resources, and expertise to develop and implement sustainable tourism development strategies. For example, the public sector can provide incentives to the private sector to invest in sustainable tourism infrastructure, while the private sector can provide feedback on the needs and preferences of tourists.

In conclusion, tourism planning requires the involvement of both the public and private sectors. Collaboration between these two sectors is essential to achieving sustainable tourism development that benefits both the economy and the environment.

Q8. What do you understand by a tourism region? What aspects would you cover in a regional
tourism plan?

A tourism region refers to a geographical area that is promoted as a destination for travelers and visitors. It can be a city, a state, a country or even a continent. A tourism region usually has a unique set of attractions, activities, and cultural experiences that make it distinct from other destinations, and these features are marketed to attract visitors.

When creating a regional tourism plan, several aspects need to be considered to ensure that the region is appealing to tourists. These aspects include:

  • Destination Analysis: This involves identifying the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of the region as a tourism destination. It also involves identifying the target market for the region and their needs and preferences.
  • Tourism Infrastructure: This involves identifying the existing tourism infrastructure and services within the region, such as accommodation, transportation, and attractions. The plan should also include recommendations for improving the tourism infrastructure where necessary.
  • Marketing and Promotion: This involves developing a marketing and promotion strategy that effectively communicates the unique features and attractions of the region to potential visitors. It should also include strategies for promoting the region through social media and other digital platforms.
  • Stakeholder Engagement: This involves engaging with local communities, businesses, and organizations to ensure that they are supportive of the tourism industry and the regional tourism plan. It also involves identifying opportunities for collaboration and partnership to enhance the tourism experience in the region.
  • Sustainability: This involves ensuring that the tourism activities within the region are sustainable and have minimal impact on the environment and local communities. It also involves identifying opportunities for eco-tourism and promoting sustainable tourism practices.
  • Visitor Experience: This involves ensuring that the visitor experience within the region is enjoyable, safe, and memorable. It includes identifying the types of experiences that visitors are seeking and developing products and services that meet their needs.

Overall, a regional tourism plan should be comprehensive and well thought out, taking into consideration the unique features and attractions of the region, as well as the needs and preferences of the target market.

9. Write short notes on the following:-

a) Components of Tourism Development

Tourism development refers to the process of enhancing and expanding the tourism industry in a particular region or destination. The components of tourism development may vary depending on the specific context, but some common components include:

  • Infrastructure: This refers to the physical facilities and structures required to support tourism, such as airports, roads, transportation systems, accommodations, and recreational facilities.
  • Marketing and promotion: This involves advertising and promoting a destination to potential visitors, using various channels such as social media, print and electronic media, and trade shows.
  • Destination planning and management: This involves developing strategies for sustainable tourism, managing the impact of tourism on the environment, and ensuring that the needs of visitors and local communities are met.
  • Policy and regulatory framework: This involves establishing regulations, laws, and policies to govern the tourism industry, such as zoning regulations, safety and security standards, and tax policies.
  • Human resource development: This involves developing and training the local workforce to provide high-quality service and to meet the needs of tourists.
  • Community engagement and involvement: This involves working with local communities to ensure that tourism benefits them, such as through employment opportunities and the preservation of cultural heritage.
  • Research and monitoring: This involves conducting research and gathering data on tourism trends, visitor profiles, and the impact of tourism on the environment and local communities.

b) Checklist technique in plan formulation

The checklist technique is a method that can be used in plan formulation to ensure that all necessary steps and considerations are included in the plan. The technique involves creating a list of items that need to be addressed in the plan and checking them off as they are completed.

Here are the steps to use the checklist technique in plan formulation:

  • Identify the goal or objective of the plan.
  • Brainstorm all the necessary steps and considerations required to achieve the goal.
  • Create a checklist of the steps and considerations.
  • Prioritize the items on the checklist based on their importance and order of completion.
  • Use the checklist to ensure that all necessary steps and considerations are included in the plan.
  • Check off items on the list as they are completed to track progress.
  • Review the checklist regularly to ensure that nothing is missed and to make updates as needed.

By using the checklist technique, you can help ensure that your plan is comprehensive and that all necessary steps and considerations have been addressed.

Q10. Describe the type of planning required for Theme Parks and Convention Centres.

Theme parks and convention centers require extensive planning to ensure their success. The type of planning required for these types of facilities can be categorized into three main areas: strategic, operational, and event planning.

  • Strategic Planning: Strategic planning involves determining the overall goals and objectives of the theme park or convention center. This includes deciding on the type of attractions, the target market, the marketing strategy, and the overall vision for the facility. This planning helps to ensure that the theme park or convention center is positioned correctly in the market and is meeting the needs of its customers.
  • Operational Planning: Operational planning involves the day-to-day management of the theme park or convention center. This includes determining the staffing requirements, developing policies and procedures, managing finances, and ensuring that the facility is well-maintained. Operational planning helps to ensure that the theme park or convention center is running smoothly and efficiently.
  • Event Planning: Event planning involves the planning and execution of events and activities at the theme park or convention center. This includes coordinating with vendors, booking entertainment, developing schedules, and ensuring that everything runs smoothly during the event. Event planning helps to ensure that the theme park or convention center is able to provide an enjoyable experience for its guests.

Overall, the planning required for theme parks and convention centers is complex and involves many different aspects. It is important to have a clear vision, a well-planned operational strategy, and effective event planning in order to create a successful facility that meets the needs of its customers.

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