IGNOU MSW 009 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , MSW 009 Community Organization Management for Community Development Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free : MSW 009 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , IGNOU MSW 009 Assignment 2022-23, MSW 009 Assignment 2022-23 , MSW 009 Assignment , MSW 009 Community Organization Management for Community Development Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Assignment 2022-23 Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Programme for the year 2022-23. MSW course or Master of Social Work is a post-graduation course majoring in the field of social work. MSW course is imparted with a two-year duration, which is typically divided into four semesters. Aspirants can pursue MSW courses after completing a Bachelor degree in the relevant field. A career in social work is all about giving and helping others in need. From various NGOs (non-government organizations) across the nation to social development, a Master of Social Work (MSW) course provides comprehensive knowledge about the work put into the development of humanity and social welfare. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. IGNOU solved assignment 2022-23 ignou dece solved assignment 2022-23 ignou ma sociology assignment 2022-23 meg 10 solved assignment 2022-23 ts 6 solved assignment 2022-23 , meg solved assignment 2022-23 .
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IGNOU MSW 009 Solved Assignment 2022-23
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Important Note – IGNOU MSW 009 Solved Assignment 2022-23. You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.
Submission Date :
- 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
- 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).
Answer all the five questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
Answers to question no. 1 and 2 should not exceed 600 words each.
Q.1. How you are Understanding Community.
Discuss the History of Community Organisation in India.
Communities are as varied and individual as its members. Often people belong to two or more communities. Family, education, business, work, sport, religion, culture all involve communities that we take for granted as a normal part of our lives. They seem to be a part of the background. It’s only when things are not going the way that we want, that we take any notice of them.
Most people think of communities as a place or setting, or a suburb or city that they live in. Communities are much more that that. They are the very essence of how we live and socialise with others. We have our own personal communities, the communities that we are a part of and the communities that we associate with. Communities are the building blocks that allow us to make sense of the world in which we live, participate and share experiences. They provide a sense of identity and purpose, a sense of being a part of and belonging. Community is all about valued relationships, about careing and shareing, about being with others we love. Without others to share our feelings with, life becomes meaningless. It does not matter how much money or possessions we have, if we have no one to share it with, life becomes meaningless. Communities may be a part of an organisation or service provider, a family or club, or work, or school.
The origin of community is from the latin word:
- “In sociology, the concept of community has led to significant debate, and sociologists are yet to reach agreement on a definition of the term. There were ninety-four discrete definitions of the term by the mid-1950s. Traditionally a “community” has been defined as a group of interacting people living in a common location. The word is often used to refer to a group that is organized around common values and is attributed with social cohesion within a shared geographical location, generally in social units larger than a household. The word can also refer to the national community or global community.
The word “community” is derived from the Old French communité which is derived from the Latin communitas (cum, “with/together” + munus, “gift”), a broad term for fellowship or organized society.” (Wikipedia)
- “Community: The origin of the word “community” comes from the Latin munus, which means the gift, and cum, which means together, among each other. So community literally means to give among each other.” (Seek To Know)
The idea of “community” probably came about where people gathered around a common area for their mutual benefit. Sharing a language, customs, ideas, skills, goods and services, or protection from enemies would be some of the advantages in being a part of a group. Over the years the idea of community has change to accomodate different things. While different definitions mean different things, the idea is the same; that a group comes together or lives together to share something that is of value to the members of that community. Today the word “community” has taken on whole new meanings, New technology in communitation and transportation mean that a community is no longer where we live. While we may live in a suburb, town, city or some geographical location, they no longer define the communities that we are a part of. Communities have also become so specalised these days that we no longer look for one community to fulfill our needs.
Understanding communities (Top)
Any activity that we participate in, usually involves others in groups or teams that have the same interests.
So, what is a community, and how is it different from a group or a team?
I feel it is important to explore the various ways people come together for a common cause or purpose:
A community centre is a place where people gather for a specific purpose. A community library, swimming pool, recreation centre or hall are all facilities that allow groups of people to fulfil a particular need.
At a football match, for example, people come together for a purpose: to participate in the game as, 1) a spectator, or 2) a player or 3) umpires. It is immediately obvious that there are some fundamental differences in the individual members of the group that are participating.
A business has 1) staff that work towards the success of the business, 2) has a customer base.
A collection of people in a restaurant participate as, 1) a staff member, or 2) a customer, and can become a group / team, or a number of groups / teams, when there is some common cause or purpose for which individual members become interdependent upon each other. A disaster (such as a fire or flood), quiz or competition etc, can be the catalyst in transforming the individuals into groups or teams.
In a factory, a group of people work toward a common cause and share rescources, facilities etc, between each other. However individuals in the group are not necessarily working as a team.
At a school or club, people come together as a group for a common cause, they share interests and participate in the activities of the school or club.
Suburbs are groups of people that do not necessarily share interests or participate in common activities.
A group of people may share a particular characteristic that distinguishes themselves from others (minority groups), such as wealth (or lack of), culture or ethnicity, or have a particular physical or medical condition that disadvantages their ability to participate in the wider community. They generally rely on support from each other or support networks and share interests or participate in common activities.
Human service organisations are groups of people: 1) staff who work towards a common goal and may work as teams, and 2) clients/customers that may share interests or participate in common activities. A home with 4 or 5 residents, a group of units, a boarding house, a hostel or nursing home that is managed by a service provider or organisation. The residents may share the same characteristicts and have the same needs. The residents may communicate with each other and may be supported by staff that are employed by a community service or organisation.
In a family, the members may have strong bonds to each other and share interests or participate in common activities, but at the same time are involved with other groups that have different interests and activities.
We also see communities of interest, communities of practice, scientific communities, communities of disadvantaged (AIDS, cancer, drug related etc). Technological advances are alo redefining communities. New generations are socialising in ways that we never dreamed of 100 years ago.
The above shows that groups and teams can be spontaneous or planned, formal or informal. Depending on the situation, the members of the group can just arrive on impulse, or arrange with each other to be at a certain place at a certain time. It can also be seen that the members of one group do not necessarily have to be a part of or belong to the other groups, At the football, for example, there are three distinct groups; the spectators and the players and umpires, but together they are all there for a purpose; to participate in the game. They all participate at the oval, identify with and support each other, communicate and share their feelings and knowledge, and act within a set of informal / formal rules, laws, ethics, customs etc. Even though the settings, members and activities are different in the other examples above, they also contain the same elements.
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2. Describe the various models of social action and their characteristics.
Elaborate the Scope of Social Welfare Administration.
Major Three Strategies of Social Action
There is hardly any consensus on the possible and available strategies which can form the core of social action practice. However, three main strategies identified by Lees are:
In this strategy, social workers collaborate with the local authority and other authorities or agencies to improve the existing social policy. The underlying assumption of this approach is a homogeneity of values and interests, through which substantive agreement on proposed interventions is obtained. It doesn’t involve loss or gain of power, authority or money; change occurs within a consensus that includes values and interests. In collaborative strategy, the difference in the social structure or institution is brought about by peaceful means, including education, persuasion, demonstration, and experimentation. One of the premises on which it is based is that all those who have power will not necessarily respond to change only through the conflictual approach. Through the above techniques, change can be brought about as for them, the intended change is either the lesser of the two evils, or they have identified the factors that affect the institution’s very existence or the achievement of its goals. They are disenchanted or dissatisfied and hence willing to change.
The second set of techniques is based on the premise that one anticipates some resistance to change. The activity of the change agent may have to be accompanied by tactics that are not persuasive instead of seeking to affect change through pressure. In this strategy, contending parties utilise commonly accepted campaign tactics of persuasion, negotiation and bargaining with the willingness to arrive at an operating agreement.
Disruption and Confrontation
The third set of techniques is based on the premise that in the struggle between those who are pro-status quo and those who are pro-change, resistance is an aspect of the change effort and therefore, the dynamics of conflict are inherent in the social action effort. This strategy signifies a more militant approach, and it may include strikes, boycotts, fasts, tax-refusal, ‘sit-ins’ etc. Lees also has riots and guerilla warfare though these may be omitted by many other social workers as any use of violence will be unacceptable to the values and ethics of professional social work.
1) Bargaining: By bargaining, he means lobbying, submitting petitions, information and publicity campaigns, etc.
Surender Singh adds another approach or strategy as an Administrative approach. He mentions that “Most often than not, the establishment viewed any struggle or effort towards drastic or radical change as a law and order problem. Therefore, an administrative approach or strategy is adopted to deal with the situation”. It includes persuasion, bargaining, pressure, coercion, infiltration, concession, co-option, splitting, etc.
Hornstein lists specific strategies for social intervention. They are Individual change, techno- structural, data-based, organisational development and cultural change, violence and coercion, non-violent direct action, accommodation, exposures, living examples, public support, presentation of proposals, competition, lobbying, agitation and subversion. Hornstein has classified these strategies or tactics of social action as:
1) Direct action: E.g. Picketing, Marches, Fraternization, Haunting, Leafleting and renouncing honours.
3) Intervention: E.g. Sits in, Reversal strike, Obstruction.
In the Gandhian tradition, non-violent protest and persuasion, non-cooperation and non-violent intervention have been included in the three broad categories of strategies or methods of social action. In fact, these three characteristics of Gandhian social action shares striking similarity with the ethics, values and philosophy of professional social work. It may be noted that though social action requires confrontation, negotiation or persuasion, it does not approve of any violence, hostility, cruelty and blood-shedding. It means that even the discontent is shown peacefully.
3) Answer any two of the following questions in about 300 words each:
a) Explain the Community Development Programmes in Rural, Tribal and Urban Areas. 10
b) Discuss on Social Welfare Policies and Programmes. 10
c) Differentiate Between Community Organisation and Community Development. 10
d) What do you understand Gandhian Model of Social Action.
4) Attempt any four of the following in about 150 words each:
a) Enlist The Current Issues Facing Tribal communities.
b) Discuss The Roles of Community Organiser.
c) Describe the models of social action.
d) Explain The Various kinds of Social Welfare Organizations.
e) What are the S trategies and Tactics in Social Action?
f) Elaborate on Social Welfare Administration as a Profession.
5) Write short notes on any five of the following in about 100 words each:
c) Locality Development
d) Assumptions Regarding Method
e) SWOC (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Challenges) Analysis
f) Social Auditing
g) Fund Raising
h) Capacity Building
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MSW 009 Handwritten Assignment 2022-23
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