IGNOU MPYE 015 Gandhian Philosophy Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 015 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU MPYE 015 Gandhian Philosophy Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU MPYE 015 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU MPYE 015 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

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IGNOU MPYE 015 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field. IGNOU MPYE 015 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 015 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q1. What is the idea of Swaraj in Gandhian Philosophy? “Satyagraha is not possible without swaraj”. Analyze.

The concept of Swaraj is central to Gandhian philosophy and refers to self-rule or self-governance. It involves the idea that individuals and communities should have the power to govern themselves and make decisions that affect their lives. For Gandhi, Swaraj was not just about political independence from British colonial rule but also about achieving economic, social, and cultural freedom.

Gandhi believed that the attainment of Swaraj could only be achieved through non-violent means, which he termed Satyagraha. Satyagraha involves the use of non-violent resistance to bring about social and political change. According to Gandhi, Satyagraha was not just a tool for political struggle but a way of life, where individuals strive to live in accordance with their highest ideals of truth and nonviolence.

In the context of the quote “Satyagraha is not possible without Swaraj,” Gandhi believed that true Satyagraha could only be practiced in a society where there was Swaraj. This is because nonviolent resistance requires a level of self-governance and self-control that is difficult to achieve in a society that is controlled by external forces.

In other words, Satyagraha can only be effective when individuals have the power to make decisions that affect their lives and are not subject to the arbitrary control of external forces. Therefore, the attainment of Swaraj is a prerequisite for the practice of Satyagraha.

In conclusion, the idea of Swaraj in Gandhian philosophy refers to self-rule or self-governance, and it is a prerequisite for the practice of Satyagraha. The two concepts are interrelated, and the attainment of one is necessary for the successful practice of the other.

Q2. Discuss Gandhian understanding of swadeshi. Compare Gandhian idea of swadeshi with some other idea(s) of swadeshi.

Gandhian understanding of swadeshi refers to the concept of promoting self-reliance and economic independence through the use of local resources and goods. Swadeshi is based on the idea of building a sustainable economy that meets the needs of the people without exploiting or harming the environment.

Gandhi believed that the British colonization of India had undermined the traditional economy, leading to poverty, unemployment, and the degradation of the environment. He argued that the solution to these problems lay in reviving traditional industries and promoting indigenous goods. He also emphasized the importance of ethical and moral values in economic activities and encouraged the use of nonviolent means to achieve economic and social justice.

The Gandhian idea of swadeshi is distinct from other ideas of swadeshi in several ways. For example, the Hindu nationalist movement’s idea of swadeshi emphasizes the promotion of Hindu culture and values and the exclusion of foreign goods and influences. This version of swadeshi is often associated with the idea of Hindutva, which seeks to establish Hindu dominance in India.

Similarly, the socialist idea of swadeshi emphasizes state control of the economy and the redistribution of wealth. This version of swadeshi seeks to address the problems of poverty and inequality through government intervention in the economy.

In contrast, the Gandhian idea of swadeshi emphasizes self-reliance and decentralized economic development. It seeks to empower local communities to take control of their economic resources and build sustainable and equitable economies. Gandhian swadeshi also places a strong emphasis on moral and ethical values in economic activities, which is often overlooked in other versions of swadeshi.

In conclusion, the Gandhian idea of swadeshi offers a unique perspective on economic development that emphasizes sustainability, self-reliance, and ethical values. It differs from other versions of swadeshi that emphasize cultural or political agendas or rely on state intervention in the economy.

Q3. Answer any two questions in about 250 words.

a) Discuss and evaluate the idea of ends and means in Gandhian Philosophy.

Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy is founded on the concept of nonviolence, which is often referred to as “Ahimsa.” Gandhi believed that the ends are as important as the means in achieving a just and peaceful society. In this context, “ends” refer to the goals or objectives that one aims to achieve, while “means” refer to the methods used to achieve them.

Gandhi’s philosophy is based on the idea that the means used to achieve a goal must be consistent with the desired outcome. For instance, if the goal is to create a peaceful society, the means used to achieve this goal must be nonviolent. In Gandhi’s view, the means are not justified if they do not align with the desired ends. This is the core principle of his philosophy, known as “means-ends congruity.”

Gandhi believed that using violent means to achieve a peaceful society would not result in long-term peace. He argued that violent means could only lead to temporary peace, followed by more violence. He believed that nonviolence was the only way to achieve lasting peace, as it promotes mutual respect and understanding among individuals and communities.

Gandhi’s approach to means and ends is closely related to his idea of “Satyagraha,” which means “holding onto truth.” According to Gandhi, Satyagraha is a nonviolent resistance movement that aims to transform society through moral force. Satyagraha is based on the principle of “ahimsa” or nonviolence, and it seeks to achieve social justice and political change through peaceful means.

In conclusion, Gandhi’s philosophy emphasizes the importance of means-ends congruity in achieving a just and peaceful society. He believed that the means used to achieve a goal must be consistent with the desired outcome, and that violent means could not lead to lasting peace. Gandhi’s philosophy is relevant even today, and his ideas continue to inspire social justice movements around the world.

b) Do you agree that for Gandhi Satyagraha is a passive resistance? Substantiate your answer.

As an AI language model, I do not have the ability to agree or disagree with any belief or opinion. However, I can provide you with information and insights related to Gandhi’s concept of Satyagraha.

Satyagraha is a term coined by Mahatma Gandhi, which means “insistence on truth” or “holding on to truth.” It is a nonviolent method of resistance that Gandhi developed as a means to fight for justice and freedom. It involves nonviolent civil disobedience, non-cooperation, and self-suffering as a means to bring about change in society.

While Satyagraha is a nonviolent method of resistance, it is not necessarily a passive one. Gandhi believed that nonviolence requires active resistance against oppression and injustice. He taught that Satyagrahis should not merely accept injustice but should actively resist it by refusing to comply with unjust laws and policies.

Satyagraha is not simply about abstaining from violence, but also about actively confronting oppression through nonviolent means. It involves facing the oppressor with courage, love, and compassion, and appealing to their sense of humanity and reason.

Therefore, while Satyagraha is a nonviolent method of resistance, it is not passive. It is a form of active resistance that involves challenging injustice through nonviolent means.

c) Discuss the idea of Ramrajya in Gandhian philosophy.

Ramrajya is a term that refers to a hypothetical ideal state of society based on the principles of justice, morality, and equality, as envisioned by Mahatma Gandhi. The term derives from the character of Lord Rama, a popular deity in Hinduism, who is regarded as the embodiment of moral and ethical values. In Gandhian philosophy, Ramrajya represents a society that is free from all forms of oppression and exploitation, where people live in harmony and peace with each other and with nature.

Gandhi believed that the principles of Ramrajya could be realized through the practice of nonviolence and the establishment of a decentralized, self-sufficient and self-governing community. He envisioned a society where individuals would be guided by their inner conscience rather than external laws and regulations, and where the basic needs of all people, such as food, shelter, and healthcare, would be met through collective efforts.

For Gandhi, the achievement of Ramrajya required the elimination of all forms of inequality and discrimination, including those based on caste, gender, and religion. He emphasized the importance of education and spiritual development in creating a just and harmonious society, and believed that individuals should work towards the betterment of their fellow human beings.

Overall, Ramrajya represents an ideal society that is based on the principles of truth, nonviolence, and morality, and is characterized by equality, justice, and peace. While it may not be possible to achieve such a society in its entirety, Gandhi’s vision of Ramrajya serves as a guiding principle for creating a more just and equitable world.

d) “God is truth and Truth is God.” Discuss.

The statement “God is truth and Truth is God” is a quote by Mahatma Gandhi, an influential Indian leader and philosopher. It expresses his belief that the concept of God and the pursuit of truth are inseparable and intertwined.

On one hand, the statement suggests that God embodies the ultimate truth, meaning that all truth derives from God. In this view, all knowledge and understanding ultimately comes from a divine source, and the pursuit of truth is a spiritual endeavor. This perspective is shared by many religions, including Christianity, Islam, and Hinduism, which all posit the existence of a divine being who is the source of all truth.

On the other hand, the statement also implies that the pursuit of truth is a way of connecting with God. In other words, seeking truth is a means of experiencing the divine, and living a truthful life is a form of worship. This idea is reflected in Gandhi’s philosophy of satyagraha, or nonviolent resistance, which was based on the principle of seeking truth through nonviolent means.

Overall, the statement “God is truth and Truth is God” expresses the idea that the pursuit of truth and the quest for spiritual enlightenment are intimately linked. It suggests that living a truthful life is not only a moral imperative but also a means of attaining a deeper connection with the divine.

Q4. Answer any four questions in about 150 words.

a) Briefly discuss the role of swadeshi in Satyagraha.

b) Can religion be coterminous with morality? Discuss in the light of Gandhian

c) Why does Gandhi think that reason is ambiguous and how can it be trained?

d) Evaluate Gandhian thought on Varna system.

e) Reflect on the complexity of Gandhi’s notion of truth.

f) Write a note on the idea of Gandhian idea of trusteeship.

5. Write short notes on any five in about 100 words.

a) Sarvodaya

b) Idea of Charkha (Idea of spinning wheel)

c) Idea of Upavasa in Gandhian Philosophy

d) Ahimsa in Gandhian Philosophy

e) Moral argument for the existence of God

f) Idea of Brahmacharya (celibacy) in Gandhian Philosophy

g) Idea of Ashrama in Gandhi’s philosophy

h) Asteya (Non-stealing)

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