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MES 101 Solved Assignment 2021-22
a) Explain the aims of education vis a vis the individual and society in India during the British rule and after independence. Discuss the factors responsible for bringing about the changes in aims of education after independence? (500 words)
Education may be a powerful tool to unlock the golden door of freedom which will change the planet . With the arrival of British rule out India, their policies and measures breached the legacies of traditional schools of learning which resulted within the need for creating a category of subordinates. to realize this goal, they instituted variety of acts to make an Indian canvas of English colour through the education system.
Initially, British Malay Archipelago Company wasn’t concerned with the event of the education system because their prime motive was trading and profit-making. To rule out India, they planned to teach alittle section of upper and middle classes to make a category “Indian in blood and colour but English in taste” who would act as interpreters between the govt and therefore the masses. This was also called the “downward filtration theory”.
After the implementation of plans, efforts were made to spread education.
Government decided to supply free and compulsory education to all or any children up to the age of 14. But this aim couldn’t be achieved yet.
In First Five Year Plan 7.9% of total plan outlay was allocated for education. In Second and Third Plan, the allocations were 5.8% and 6.9% of the entire plan outlay. In Ninth Plan only 3.5% of the entire outlay was allocated for education.
To streamline the education, the Govt. implemented the recommendations of Kothari Commission under ‘National Policy on Education’ in 1968. the most recommendations were universal primary education. Introduction of latest pattern of education, three language formula, introduction of regional language in education , development of agricultural and industrial education and course .
To combat the changing socio-economic needs of the country, Govt. of India announced a replacement National Policy on Education in 1986. Universalisation of primary education, vocationalisation of education and specialisation of upper education were the most features of this policy.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) at National level and State Council of Educational Research and Training (SCERT) at State level were established to take care of the quality of education. University Grants Commission (UGC) was instituted to work out the quality of upper education.
Expansion of General Education:
During the amount of designing there has been expansion of general education. In 1951, the share of literacy was 19.3. In 2001 the literacy percentage increased to 65.4%. The enrolment ratio of youngsters within the age bracket of 6-11 was 43% in 1951 and in it became 100% in 2001.
Primary education – been free and compulsory. Midday meal has been started in schools since 1995 to see drop-out rate. the amount of primary schools has risen by 3 times from 2.10 lakh (1950-51) to six .40 lakhs (2001-02). there have been only 27 universities in 1950-51 which increased to 254 in 2000-01.
Development of Technical Education:
Besides general education, technical education plays important role in human capital formation. The Govt. has established several Industrial Training Institutes, Polytechnics, Engineering colleges and Medical and Dental colleges, Management institutes etc.
These are given below:
(a) Indian Institute of Technology:
For education and research in engineering and technology of international standard, seven institutes are established at Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Chennai, Khargpur, Roorkee and Gauhati, Technical education is imparted here both for graduation and post-graduation and doctorate level.
(b) National Institute of Technology (NIT):
These institutes impart education in engineering and technology. These were called Regional College of Engineering (REC). These are 17 in number throughout the country. There are other institutes within the country to show engineering and technical education.
(c) Indian Institute of Management:
These institutes impart education in business management and administration. These institutes are located at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Lucknow, Indore and Kozhikode.
b) What is meant by quality in higher education? Critically discuss the process of accreditation followed by NAAC in assessing quality of higher education institutions. (500 Words)
c) How are the functions of Teaching, Research and Extension linked? What is your assessment of the linkage of the three functions in higher educational institutions? Discuss. (500 words)
IGNOU MES 101 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 MASTER OF ARTS (EDUCATION) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their MASTER OF ARTS (EDUCATION) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MES 101 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
MES 2021-22 2nd Year Question Paper
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