MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MANE 005 Assignment 2022 , FREE MANE 005 Assignment , IGNOU Assignments 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of this session for Master’s in Anthropology for the year 2021-22. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. They don’t need to go anywhere else when everything regarding the Assignments are available during this text only.
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MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Course Code: MANE 005
Assignment Code: MANE 005/AST/TMA/2021-22
Total Marks: 100
Note: There are two sections ‘A’ and ‘B’. Attempt five questions and at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks. The word limit for 20 marks question is 500 words and for 10 marks question it is 250 words.
1. Discuss briefly development of ecological perspective in anthropology. 20
Ecological anthropology focuses upon the complex relations between people and their environment. Human populations have ongoing contact with and impact upon the land, climate, plant,and animal species in their vicinities, and these elements of their environment have reciprocal impacts on humans (Salzman andAttwood 1996:169). Ecological anthropology investigates the during which “> ways in which a population shapes its environment and therefore the subsequent manners in which these relations form the population’s social, economic, and political life (Salzman andAttwood 1996:169). during a general sense, ecological anthropology attempts to supply a materialist explanation of human society and culture as products of adaptation to given environmentalconditions (Seymour-Smith 1986:62).
In The Origin of Species (1859), Darwin presented an artificial theory of evolution supported the thought of descent with modification. In each generation, more individuals are produced than can survive (because of limited resources), and competition between individuals arises. Individuals with favorable characteristics, or variations, survive to breed . it’s the environmental context that determines whether or not a trait is useful . Thomas R. Malthus (see Leading Figures) had a clear influence on Darwin’s formulations. Malthus pioneered demographic studies, arguing that human populations naturallytend to outstrip their food supply (Seymour-Smith 1986:87). This circumstance results in disease and hunger which eventually put alimit on the expansion of the population (Seymour-Smith 1986:87).
Methodology: Ecological anthropology
Some may confuse ecological anthropology as some of cultural ecology however the branch arose due to the issues with environmental determinism, cultural ecology, and therefore the rising environmental problems. It came into being because the past approaches had did not recognize the biological perception of the ecosystem during which human relations are mutualistic and interrelated to every other. Thus a replacement holistic method came into being that would describe and study the multi-faceted human adaptability and it provides for a more suitable context for scientific inquiry.
Its research methods include comparative research also as studies specific populations from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives. There also are high-tech research methods thanks to the advance in technology like satellite imagery which is typically wont to trace and find ecological hotspots, GIS or geographical information systems is employed to map many sorts of knowledge on human and environmental features. Software employed by ecologist which is named Macroscope developed by J. Stephan Lansing et al. which aids because it simplifies the mapping on a display screen on various categories of data . Another method is survey data which may be collected and linked across space and time for further study. The new ecological research can use high tech methods however one must confine mind to not divert the eye from a first-hand ethnographic study of individuals and their lives with reference to the environment. The last method that’s used is named the Linkage methodology which was developed by Kottak and Elizabeth Colson which is that the method to explain several multi-level, multi-site, and multi-time research projects that are conducted. In ecological studies, it recognizes the price and importance of research samples which will be followed through time. This method is planned as an ongoing process which involves teamwork, over time and personnel are required to shadow a dispersing population to review diverse spots and interview at many various levels, they need to explore and study archives and records and to try to to follow-up studies.
2. Describe about ecological succession. 20
3. What are the key aspects of Julian Steward’s theory of cultural ecology? 20
4. Briefly discuss the current trends in environmental anthropology. 20
5. Write short notes on: 10+10
a. Medical anthropology
b. Hunting and foraging
6. Describe briefly about the relevance of indigenous environmental knowledge. 20
7. What are the ways and means of conservation of biodiversity? 20
8. Discuss environmental justice and human rights issues. 20
9. Describe the issues related to resettlement and rehabilitation policy in India. 20
10. Write short notes on: 10+10
a. Sustainable development
b. Gender and forest
IGNOU MANE 005 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 Master’s in Anthropology assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their Master’s in Anthropology IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MANE 005 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
MAAN 2021-22 2nd Year Question Paper
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