What is learning? Discuss any one of the cognitive learning theory. Learning is the process of acquiring new knowledge, skills, attitudes, values, and behaviors through experience, study, or instruction. It is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon that can take place in a variety of contexts and settings.
One cognitive learning theory is the Connectionist theory, also known as the parallel distributed processing theory (PDP), which emphasizes the role of neural networks in learning and cognition. According to this theory, learning occurs through the formation of connections between neurons in the brain. These connections are strengthened or weakened based on the patterns of activity between the neurons.
Connectionist theory suggests that the brain is made up of a large number of simple processing units, or neurons, that work together to perform complex cognitive tasks. These neurons are connected to one another and communicate with each other through a series of electrical and chemical signals. When a neuron receives a signal, it generates an electrical impulse that travels along its dendrites to the cell body. If the impulse is strong enough, it will trigger the release of chemical neurotransmitters, which will transmit the impulse to other neurons.
Connectionist theory is a dynamic and flexible theory of learning and cognition, which emphasizes that learning is a gradual process that occurs through the strengthening and weakening of connections between neurons. This process is thought to be the basis for the ability to acquire new knowledge and skills, as well as the ability to adapt to new situations and environments.
It is important to note that Connectionist theory is one of many cognitive learning theories, and it is not universally accepted. Other cognitive learning theories include constructivism, information processing, and cognitive load theory.
Components of Cognitive Learning
Traditional learning mainly focuses on memorization instead of trying to achieve mastery in a particular subject.
The following are fundamental aspects of cognitive learning:
For cognitive learning to be efficient and benefit you, understand the reason why you are learning a specific subject in the first place.
Cognitive learning discourages cramming of information, which is very ineffective in education. Having a deep understanding of a subject improves your ability to relate new knowledge with previous experiences or information.
Cognitive learning strategies help you apply new information or skills in life situations. They encourage you as you continue to develop problem-solving skills.
Who is the Founder of Cognitive Learning Theory
Cognitive Learning Theory was developed by a number of different psychologists, but the most well-known founder is Jean Piaget.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist who is best known for his work on cognitive development. He proposed that children actively construct their own understanding of the world through their experiences and interactions. He proposed that children go through four stages of cognitive development: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. He also believed that children’s cognitive development is closely related to their physical and social experiences, and that it is a continuous and lifelong process.
Another important figure in the development of cognitive learning theory is Lev Vygotsky. He proposed that cognitive development is closely linked to social interactions, and that children learn through their interactions with more knowledgeable others. He also proposed the concept of the “zone of proximal development” which is the difference between what a child can do alone and what a child can do with the help of an adult.
Overall, cognitive learning theory is a broad field with many different contributors, but Piaget and Vygotsky are considered as the major figures in the development of this theory.
What are the 6 principles of cognitive learning theory
The six principles of cognitive learning theory are:
- Active processing: Learning is an active process in which the learner actively engages with and interprets new information.
- Prior knowledge: Prior knowledge and experiences play a major role in how new information is perceived and understood.
- Mental representations: People use mental representations, such as images, concepts, and schemas, to organize and make sense of new information.
- Mental operations: People use mental operations, such as attention, memory, and problem-solving, to process and manipulate information.
- Feedback: Feedback is important for monitoring and adjusting one’s understanding and performance.
- Motivation: Motivation plays an important role in determining the level of engagement and effort invested in the learning process.
These principles are based on the idea that learning is a cognitive process, which means that it is an internal mental process that occurs in the mind. According to the cognitive learning theory, people actively construct their own understanding of the world through their experiences and interactions.
It’s important to note that these principles are not mutually exclusive, but rather they are interconnected and work together to facilitate the learning process.