MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22

MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MANI 003 Assignment 2022 , FREE MANI 003Assignment , IGNOU Assignments 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of this session for Master’s in Anthropology for the year 2021-22. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. They don’t need to go anywhere else when everything regarding the Assignments are available during this text only.

MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : for college kids – MANI 003 : PRACTICING ANTHROPOLOGY Solved Assignment 2021-22 , Students are advised that after successfully downloading their Assignments, you’ll find each and every course assignments of your downloaded. Candidates got to create separate assignment for the IGNOU Master Course, so as that it’s easy for Evaluators to ascertain your assignments.

MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22

Course Code: MANI-003
Assignment Code: MANI-003/ASST/TMA/2021-2022
Total Marks: 100

Note: Attempt a total of five questions. All questions carry equal marks. The word limit for 20 marks question is 500 words and for 10 marks question it is 250 words. Attempt at least two questions from each section.


1. What is practicing anthropology? Discuss its growth during the 1st and the 2nd World Wars. 20

World anthropology
Anthropology in Africa
Anthropologists working in Africa and with African materials have made signal contributions to the idea and practice of anthropology. Early anthropology in Africa includes work by missionaries and colonial officials. During the high colonial period, anthropology in Africa was based at Western-style universities and research centres, notably in Senegal, Ghana, Morocco, Egypt, Uganda, Zambia (then Northern Rhodesia), and South Africa , which were successively usually linked to metropolitan universities in Europe. Structural-functionalists, during the colonial period from the 1930s through the 1950s, unraveled African social structures and identified the links between values and social structures. Anthropological analysis of oral tradition on one hand and archaeology on the opposite have contributed to the reconstruction of African cultural history. Physical anthropologists revealed the first history of the humanity on the African continent.

After much of Africa became independent about 1960, the character of anthropology within the continent shifted. Despite the very fact that a lot of anthropologists saw themselves as opponents of colonial rule, African intellectuals were suspicious of anthropology, which they believed had been supportive of colonialism. This shift from structural-functionalism to Marxism in Africa coincided with a turn in world anthropology toward a Marxist-derived interest in economics . Many key texts within the Marxist anthropology of the 1960s and ’70s used African data. African anthropology found during this how to reinvent itself.

Anthropologists in Africa remain curious about the evolution of African society, from colonial situations to radical independence to neoliberalism, though the approaches are eclectic. Those curious about development have largely switched standing from critics to participants. Anthropologists are often recruited to figure on development projects. One current development issue that draws much attention is medical anthropology, particularly AIDS research. The distinctiveness of the lifestyles of men and ladies in Africa also has fostered good work on problems with gender.
A trend toward interpretation and meaning, a sort of cultural analysis, emerged within the 1980s and ’90s. This entailed work on various sorts of African religion, including witchcraft, and on popular culture and art and linked up with an interest in folklore and cultural heritage.

An enduring issue in African anthropology is that the question of the unit of study . Earlier anthropologists sometimes assumed or argued that the African ethnic map consists of discrete groups with distinctive cultures and social organizations, an idea referred to as culturalism. In South Africa this culturalism supported the ideology of separate development, or apartheid, while in southern Sudan (now the independent country of South Sudan) it had been an ingredient within the general breakdown of order. Everywhere it overlooked the multicultural reality of Africa, where situations of mixed ethnicity are more common than sharp distinctions. Contemporary anthropology in Africa is more likely to specialise in systems of social relations or on the role of agency instead of a specific unit.

Anthropology isn’t well established as a discipline in Africa. It contributes little to internal debates in African countries, except where a priority for preserving or retrieving older social and cultural patterns exists. The evolution of anthropology in Africa is additionally hampered by political unrest and therefore the general poverty of much of Africa, which impedes the creation of rapport and interpersonal links and complicates sustained research.

Practitioners of anthropology in Africa believe regional research institutes for funding, and that they sometimes work within fields like development, demography, sociology, psychology, or history. The Organization for science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA), based in Ethiopia, and therefore the Council for the event of science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), based in Senegal, both sponsor research by local anthropologists et al. . The Pan-African Anthropology Association is predicated in Cameroon. Some individual countries—including Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Sudan, and South Africa—have a practice of anthropology, sometimes linked with other disciplines.

By the turn of the 21st century, interest in African social organization had given thanks to concern for development, applied anthropology, gender and medical issues, and popular culture. The setting for anthropology had moved into Africa’s growing cities, and detailed studies of local settings had given thanks to multisite research on cultural issues. the sector of anthropology in Africa, though fragile, was gaining ground, and Africa continues to inspire anthropology.

2. Define and discuss the participatory methods used in practicing anthropological research. 20
3. What is policy research in practicing anthropology? Discuss in detail. 20
4. Discuss the methods and measurements used in design anthropometry. 20
5. Attempt any two of the following: 10X 2= 20
a. History of applied anthropology in Great Britain.
b. Genetic Counselling
c. Kinanthropometry
d. Ethics related to consent


6. What do you understand by multimedia? What is the role of multimedia in anthropology? Elaborate. 20
7. Discuss disaster management and the involvement of anthropologists in it. 20
8. How is the study of forensics relevant in anthropology? Discuss. 20
9. Attempt any two of the following: 10X 2=20
a. Health and Culture
b. Tourism anthropology
c. Capacity development
d. Anthropologists in civil societies.

IGNOU MANI 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 Master’s in Anthropology assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their Master’s in Anthropology IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.

GUIDELINES FOR MANI 003 Solved Assignment:-

You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.

2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.

Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :

1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next

MAAN 2021-22 2nd Year Question Paper

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