MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MAN 001 Assignment 2022 , FREE MAN 001 Assignment , IGNOU Assignments 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of this session for Master’s in Anthropology for the year 2021-22. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. They don’t need to go anywhere else when everything regarding the Assignments are available during this text only.
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MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Course Code: MAN 001
Assignment Code: MAN 001/AST/TMA/2021-22
Total Marks: 100
Note: There are two sections ‘A’ and ‘B’. Attempt five questions and at least two questions from each section. All questions carry equal marks. The word limit for 20 marks is 500 words and for 10 marks is 250 words.
1. Discuss the intellectual foundations for the emergence of a science of society. Discuss the history and growth of social anthropology as a subject. 20
Anthropology is that the study of the origin and development of human societies and cultures. Culture is that the learned behavior of individuals , including their languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods. Anthropologists study the characteristics of past and present human communities through a spread of techniques. In doing so, they investigate and describe how different peoples of our world lived throughout history.
Anthropologists aim to review and present their human subjects during a clear and unbiased way. They plan to achieve this by observing subjects in their local environment. Anthropologists then describe interactions and customs, a process referred to as ethnography. By participating within the lifestyle of their subjects, anthropologists can better understand and explain the aim of local institutions, culture, and practices. This process is understood as participant-observation.
As anthropologists study societies and cultures different from their own, they need to evaluate their interpretations to form sure they aren’t biased. This bias is understood as ethnocentrism, or the habit of viewing all groups as inferior to a different , usually their own, cultural group.
Taken as an entire , these steps enable anthropologists to explain people through the people’s own terms.
Subdisciplines of Anthropology
Anthropology’s diverse topics of study are generally categorized in four subdisciplines. A subdiscipline may be a specialized field of study within a broader subject or discipline. Anthropologists concentrate on cultural or cultural anthropology , linguistic anthropology, biological or anthropology , and archaeology. While subdisciplines can overlap and aren’t always seen by scholars as distinct, each tends to use different techniques and methods.
Cultural anthropology, also referred to as cultural anthropology , is that the study of the learned behavior of groups of individuals in specific environments. Cultural anthropologists base their add ethnography, a search method that uses field work and participant-observation to review individual cultures and customs.
Elizabeth Kapu’uwailani Lindsey may be a National Geographic Fellow in anthropology. As a doctoral student, she documented rare and nearly lost traditions of the palu, Micronesian navigators who don’t use maps or instruments. Among the traditions she studied were the chants and practices of the Satawalese, a small cultural group native to one coral atoll within the Federated States of Micronesia.
Cultural anthropologists who analyze and compare different cultures are referred to as ethnologists. Ethnologists may observe how specific customs develop differently in several cultures and interpret why these differences exist.
National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence Wade Davis is an ethnobotanist. He spent quite three years in Latin America , collecting and studying plants that different indigenous groups use in their daily lives. His work compares how these groups understand and use plants as food, medicine, and in religious ceremonies.
Linguistic anthropology is that the study of how language influences social life. Linguistic anthropologists say language provides people with the intellectual tools for thinking and acting within the world. Linguistic anthropologists specialise in how language shapes societies and their social networks, cultural beliefs, and understanding of themselves and their environments.
To understand how people use language for social and cultural purposes, linguistic anthropologists closely document what people say as they engage in daily social activities. This documentation relies on participant-observation and other methods, including audiovisual recording and interviews with participants.
Lera Boroditsky, a scientist , studies sorts of communication among the Pormpuraaw, an Aboriginal community in Australia. Boroditsky found that nearly all daily activities and conversations were placed within the context of cardinal directions. for instance , when greeting someone in Pormpuraaw, one asks, “Where are you going?” A response may be: “A great distance to the south-southwest.” an individual might warn another that “There may be a snake near your northwest foot.” This language enables the Pormpuraaw to locate and navigate themselves in landscapes with extreme precision, but makes communication nearly impossible for those without an absolute knowledge of cardinal directions.
Linguistic anthropologists may document native languages that are in peril of extinction. The Enduring Voices Project at National Geographic aims to stop language extinction by embarking on expeditions that make textual, visual, and auditory records of threatened languages. The project also assists indigenous communities in their efforts to revitalize and maintain their languages. Enduring Voices has documented the Chipaya language of Bolivia, the Yshyr Chamacoco language of Paraguay, and therefore the Matugar Panau language of Papua New Guinea , among many others.
Biological anthropology, also referred to as anthropology , is that the study of the evolution of citizenry and their living and fossil relatives. Biological anthropology places human evolution within the context of human culture and behavior. this suggests biological anthropologists check out how physical developments, like changes in our skeletal or genetic makeup, are interconnected with social and cultural behaviors throughout history.
To understand how humans evolved from earlier life forms, some biological anthropologists study primates, like monkeys and apes. Primates are considered our closest living relatives. Analyzing the similarities and differences between citizenry and therefore the “great apes” helps biological anthropologists understand human evolution.
2. Write a note on the classical theories. 20
3. Discuss Functionalism with reference to Malinowski’s work. 20
4. What is culture? Write a note on the anthropological approach to the study culture and personality with reference to Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict’s work. 20
5. Write short notes: 10+10
6. Describe family. Discuss the functions of family. 20
7. With reference to Kula and Potlatch discuss the distribution process of goods and services in simple societies. 20
8. Critically evaluate the Alliance theory. 20
9. Discuss the concept of rituals with reference to Victor Turner and van Gennep’s work. 20
10. Write short notes: 10+10
a. Shifting cultivation
b. Terrace cultivation
IGNOU MAN 001 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 Master’s in Anthropology assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their Master’s in Anthropology IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MAN 001 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
MAAN 2021-22 1st Year Question Paper
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