IGNOU BSOC 105 POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU BSOC 105 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU BSOC 105 POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU BSOC 105 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU BSOC 105 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

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IGNOU BSOC 105 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field. IGNOU BSOC 105 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU BSOC 105 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Assignment I

Q1. Describe the scope of political sociology.

Political sociology is a subfield of sociology that focuses on the study of power, politics, and social relationships. It seeks to understand the role of politics in shaping society and the impact of social structures, culture, and institutions on political behavior.

The scope of political sociology includes a wide range of topics and themes, such as:

  • Power and domination: Political sociology seeks to understand how power is exercised and maintained within society, and how this shapes social relations.
  • State and government: This subfield explores the structures and institutions of government and how they impact social relations, as well as how citizens interact with and influence the state.
  • Political participation: Political sociology examines the ways in which individuals and groups participate in political processes, such as voting, social movements, and protests.
  • Social inequality: This subfield analyzes the ways in which political power is distributed and how social inequalities are reinforced or challenged through political processes.
  • Globalization: Political sociology examines the impact of globalization on political processes and how global forces shape local politics.
  • Identity and citizenship: This subfield explores the role of identity and citizenship in shaping political behavior and how political institutions and processes contribute to the formation of individual and group identities.
  • Political culture: Political sociology investigates the ways in which cultural values and beliefs shape political attitudes and behavior.

Overall, political sociology seeks to understand the complex interplay between politics, social structures, and individual agency, and how this shapes the distribution of power and social relationships within society.

Q2. Analyse totalitarian as a form of government.

Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total control over all aspects of society, including political, social, economic, and cultural aspects. In a totalitarian system, the government exercises absolute power and authority, often without any legal or constitutional restraints.

One of the defining characteristics of a totalitarian government is its ideology, which is usually based on a single political party, leader, or movement. This ideology is often used to justify the government’s control over society and to suppress dissent and opposition.

Totalitarian governments often rely on extensive propaganda, censorship, and surveillance to maintain control over society. They also use fear and intimidation to discourage dissent and opposition, and often resort to violence and repression to maintain their grip on power.

In a totalitarian system, individual rights and freedoms are often severely restricted or even eliminated entirely. Citizens are often subject to arbitrary detention, torture, and execution, without any legal recourse or due process.

Despite the claims of totalitarian regimes to represent the will of the people, the reality is that they often operate as highly centralized, authoritarian systems that are highly resistant to change or reform. As a result, totalitarianism is often associated with political repression, social stagnation, and economic underdevelopment.

Overall, totalitarianism is a highly oppressive and dangerous form of government that poses a grave threat to individual freedom, human rights, and democratic values.

Assignment II

Q3. What are the forces which pose a challenge to nation building efforts? Discuss.

Nation building refers to the process of constructing or rebuilding a country’s social, economic, and political institutions to foster stability, prosperity, and national identity. However, this process can be challenged by several forces, including:

  • Historical and cultural divisions: Deep-rooted cultural and ethnic differences can pose a significant challenge to nation-building efforts. The existence of different cultural groups, each with their own traditions, beliefs, and values, can result in tension, mistrust, and conflict.
  • Political instability and corruption: Political instability and corruption can undermine nation-building efforts by reducing the credibility of government institutions and fostering distrust among citizens. A lack of transparent and accountable governance can also create a power vacuum that allows for the rise of extremist groups and political violence.
  • Economic inequality and poverty: Economic inequality and poverty can hinder nation-building efforts by creating deep-seated grievances among the population. When a significant proportion of the population lacks access to basic needs like food, housing, and education, they are more likely to become disillusioned with the government and seek out alternative forms of governance.
  • External interference: External interference by foreign powers or transnational organizations can pose a significant challenge to nation-building efforts. These actors may have their own agendas and interests that run counter to the goals of nation building, and they may use their resources to manipulate local politics and destabilize the country.
  • Ideological differences: Differences in ideology can create deep-seated divisions that hinder nation-building efforts. When different groups hold opposing views on issues like religion, democracy, or human rights, they may struggle to find common ground and work together to build a shared vision for the future.
  • Natural disasters and environmental degradation: Natural disasters and environmental degradation can have a devastating impact on a country’s infrastructure and economy, making it difficult to rebuild and develop. These challenges can exacerbate existing social and economic inequalities, creating further divisions and tensions among the population.

Overall, these forces can pose significant challenges to nation-building efforts, and addressing them requires a comprehensive and sustained effort that involves building strong institutions, fostering social cohesion, and promoting inclusive economic development.

Q4. Outline the major functions of a political system.

The major functions of a political system can be outlined as follows:

  • Governance and administration: A political system exists to provide governance and administration to a society. This includes making and enforcing laws, managing public resources, and ensuring the well-being of citizens.
  • Protection and security: One of the main functions of a political system is to provide protection and security to citizens from internal and external threats. This includes maintaining law and order, providing defense against external enemies, and ensuring public safety.
  • Representation: Political systems provide a means for citizens to participate in the decision-making processes of their government. This includes the right to vote, freedom of speech, and the ability to express opinions and ideas.
  • Economic management: Political systems play a key role in managing the economy. This includes creating and enforcing regulations and policies that promote economic growth and stability, providing infrastructure and public services, and ensuring the equitable distribution of resources.
  • Social welfare: Political systems are also responsible for providing social welfare programs to citizens. This includes education, healthcare, housing, and other public services that contribute to the well-being of individuals and society as a whole.
  • Diplomacy and international relations: Political systems also manage relations with other nations and international organizations. This includes negotiating treaties and agreements, promoting trade and economic cooperation, and addressing global issues such as climate change and human rights.

Overall, the major functions of a political system are to provide governance, security, representation, economic management, social welfare, and diplomacy. These functions help to create a stable, prosperous, and just society that meets the needs of its citizens.

Q5. What do you mean by stateless society? Discuss.

A stateless society is a social system where there is no centralized governing authority or state. Instead, power and decision-making are distributed among individuals and groups in the society. In a stateless society, people typically organize themselves into voluntary associations and communities based on mutual aid, cooperation, and shared values and interests.

The idea of a stateless society has been discussed by philosophers, political theorists, and social activists for centuries. Proponents of statelessness argue that a decentralized, self-organizing society would be more just, free, and equitable than one governed by a centralized state. They believe that without a state, people would be able to organize their own affairs based on their own needs and desires, rather than being subject to the interests and priorities of a ruling elite.

Critics of statelessness argue that without a centralized state, there would be no way to ensure order and protect individual rights. They contend that a stateless society would be vulnerable to violence, exploitation, and oppression, as there would be no way to prevent powerful individuals or groups from dominating others.

Overall, the concept of a stateless society remains a topic of debate and discussion, with both proponents and critics presenting compelling arguments for their positions.

Assignment III
6. State
7. Cultural Capital
8. Traditional action
9. Neoliberalism
10. Anomic Interest group
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