IGNOU BSOC 101 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Free PDF : BSOC 101 Solved Assignment 2022 , BSOC 101 Solved Assignment 2022-23, BSOC 101 Assignment 2022-23, BSOC 101 Assignment, IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MEG Programme for the year 2022-23. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself.
- 1 Assignment A
- 2 1. Discuss the similarities and differences between sociology and anthropology.
- 3 2. How did sociological theory emerge? What was the factor of industrial revolution in its emergence?
- 4 Assignment B
- 5 3. Examine mass media as an agent of socialization.
- 6 4. Discuss the concept of political culture as used in political sociology.
- 7 5. Discuss the socio-cultural factors of social change.
- 8 Assignment C
- 9 6. What is gemeinschaft?
- 10 7. What is ethnocentrism?
- 11 8. Differentiate between acculturation and assimilation.
- 12 9. What is master status?
- 13 10. What is social institution?
1. Discuss the similarities and differences between sociology and anthropology.
Ans. Anthropology is the study of humans and their behaviour at a more individualistic level.
In turn, sociology studies the ways in which groups of humans interact with each other and how their behaviour is influenced by social structures, categories (religion, gender) and institutions
The similarities they share are that they both study human behaviour but the focus is different.
Anthropology studies human behaviour at the micro-level of an individual which an anthropologist will take an example of the larger culture.
Sociology, on the other hand, tends to look at the bigger picture, often studying political movements, and the power relations of different groups with each other.
Differences between the Anthropology and Sociology.
|Emphasis on culture and its physical and social characteristics (kinship, language, religion, gender, art, etc.)
|Emphasis on society and its origins and development (social classes, institutions and structures, social movements)
|Has its historical basis in studying non-Western cultures or
|Has its historical basis in studying industrialized Western societies
|Micro-level focus – studies how individuals, families, and communities engage with the larger society and social trends
|Macro-level focus – studies how the larger society and social trends affect individuals, families, and communities
|Incorporates material/physical culture (archaeology, biophysical evidence)
|Incorporates economics and statistics to a larger degree
|Anthropology relies on qualitative data to come to a conclusion
|Sociology relies on quantitative data to arrive at a conclusion
|Anthropologist make use of a smaller sample size for immersive and localized data collection
|Sociologist make use of a broader, larger sample size
|It is done to understand different cultures
|It is done to solve contemporary social problems
|Anthropology became more professionalised following as a social science in the early 20th century
|The term ‘sociology’ was coined by Auguste Comte in the 1850s when he published the “Treatise on Sociology”
In the words of the American Anthropological Association, “Anthropology is the study of what makes us human.” An anthropologist strives to uncover and understand how humans and their societies lived hundreds and thousands of years ago.
To understand what makes each human group distinct, an anthropologist looks at various aspects of the human experience, such as physical character, culture, environment and more. From humans’ biological bodies and genetics to survival needs such as food, water, and companionship, anthropologists figure out the ways previous societies and cultures met these needs. Additionally, anthropologists try to understand how people interacted socially, including how they dressed and communicated with one another, such as family, friends and other community members.
As defined by the American Sociological Association, sociology is “the study of social life, social change and the social causes and consequences of human behavior.” A sociologist explores the structure of groups, organizations and societies, such as their social interactions and processes at a given period in time. To do this, a sociologist examines subjects ranging from gender to race to age, as well as social change, status and movements.
2. How did sociological theory emerge? What was the factor of industrial revolution in its emergence?
4. Discuss the concept of political culture as used in political sociology.
6. What is gemeinschaft?
7. What is ethnocentrism?
8. Differentiate between acculturation and assimilation.
9. What is master status?
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