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BANS 183 Solved Assignment 2021-22 In English Medium
Course Code: BANS 183
Assignment Code: BANS 183/ASST/TMA/July 2021 and January 2022
Total Marks: 100
There are two Sections in the Assignment. You have to answer all questions in all the Sections.
Assignment – I
Answer the following in about 500 words each. 20X2= 40
a. Discuss the role of physical, social and archaeological anthropology in studying tourism.
Anthropology has expanded and altered radically by including within its purview the study of tourism. In spite of the ever present nature of traveling in anthropology, tourism and travel became subjects deserve discussion in anthropology relatively recently, in Europe within the 1930s and within the us within the 1960s (see Introductory Works). Two main reasons explain this paucity of attention. First, anthropologists argued that their experience and motivations for being during a distant location couldn’t be compared thereto of tourists, and that they believed that, in many instances, they were being unfairly related to the tourists they encountered in these faraway places. Second, anthropologists considered tourism a topic not serious enough to debate intellectually and ethnographically. Although in practically every ethnographic field site anthropologists encountered a minimum of occasional tourists, they were seemed to be an undesired nuisance and given scant or no attention. In spite of this inauspicious beginning, the anthropological scholarship on tourism has contributed greatly to tourism studies. Anthropologists have made important contributions to the understanding of tourism’s impact on host communities; the impact of travel on an individual; the facility relationships in tourism developments; heritage and culture commodification; sorts of tourism and tourists; and therefore the relationships between tourism and ethnicity, identity, material culture, nationalism, and therefore the environment, among others.
In general terms, the sector of tourism studies has attended be fragmented and infrequently interdisciplinary, as scholars approach it from within their own disciplinary boundaries (Echtner and Jamal 1997). In anthropology, the study of tourism began in Europe within the 1930s. within the us , it’s agreed that the study of tourism was launched with publication of Nuñez 1963, a piece of writing about “weekendismo” in Guadalajara, Mexico. At this point , researchers in other disciplines (such as sociology, ecology, leisure and recreation studies, and political science) took an interest in analyzing tourism also . In 1977, Valene Smith published the influential edited volume Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism, which was reedited in 1989 (see Smith 1989). This volume marked the start of a more serious interest in tourism and travel in anthropology. Geography, history, and sociology are other disciplines within the social sciences during which practitioners have studied the tourism industry. as an example , geography concerned itself with tourism long before anthropology (in the 1930s), and geographers have produced essential contributions, particularly concerning nuanced understandings of place and space. Sociologists have produced a typology of tourism, the concepts of “staged authenticity” and “site sacralization” (see MacCannell 1999) and therefore the figure of “the stranger” in modern society (Bauman 1991) among other important concepts, while historians have studied travel and tourism since the 1930s. additionally , the fields of business, management, and economics have long addressed the subject of tourism from an epistemological approach that differs from that of the social sciences.
Tourism may be a new phenomenon in world history, but today more people travel long distances for this purpose than for the other . This entry traces some main contributions anthropologists have made to understanding tourism interactions since beginning to study them within the 1970s. One common theme of much of this work has been that tourism often involves the extension of tourists’ home-society ideas and systems into times and spaces of the trip, albeit the activity is conceived of as an shake regular life. The pleasure and value that tourists find in their trips are often explained by an anthropological model of formality because the embodied, microcosmic enactment of a bigger macrocosmic concept. Staging, commodification, and spectatorship are a number of the more specific processes that anthropologists have studied, by which tourists’ home systems are projected outward into other spaces. within the 2000s, however, some anthropological work has focused on how tourism encounters generate new structures of experience and social involvement not determined by the orientations of anybody set of participants. This work emphasises how actions and experiences of various participants are interdependent, in ways not well-grasped by a stark dichotomy of ‘tourists’ versus ‘hosts’ as whole blocs. This work also emphasises the psychological complexity of all persons’ experiences within the encounters.
b. Describe tangible and intangible heritage with suitable examples.
Assignment – II
Answer the following in about 250 words each. (Write Short Notes) 10X3=30
a. What is authenticity in tourism? Explain with suitable examples.
b. Discuss preservation and conservation of heritage sites with suitable examples.
c. Write about some of the new directions in the anthropology of tourism.
Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. 5X6=30
a. Guest and the Host
b. Culture and Tourism
d. Commodification of culture in tourism
e. Sustainable development and tourism
f. Heritage sites and tourism
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GUIDELINES FOR BANS 183 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1) Planning: Read the assignments carefully, go through the Units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order.
2) Organisation: Be a little selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. Give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. Make sure that your answer:
a) is logical and coherent;
b) has clear connections between sentences and paragraphs, and
c) is written correctly giving adequate consideration to your expression, style and
3) Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answer, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize. Make sure that the answer is within the stipulated word limit.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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