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MPCE 013 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Course Code: MPCE 013
Assignment Code: MPCE 013/ASST/TMA/2021-22
NOTE: All questions are compulsory.
SECTION – A
Answer the following questions in 1000 words each. 3 x 15 = 45 marks
1. Discuss the attachment based interventions for children.
Bowlby’s attachment theory may be a theory of both psychopathology and normal socio-emotional development. it’s supported the thought that the first relationship that develops between the infant and caregiver provides the inspiration for later development. Bowlby’s theory attempts to elucidate how the first relationship contributes to psychological well-being or later psychopathology. The term attachment is employed to explain the affective bond that develops between an infant and caregiver. Attachment isn’t a characteristic of the infant, neither is it a characteristic of the caregiver. Rather, it’s a pattern of emotional and behavioural interaction that develops over time because the infant and caregiver interact, particularly within the context of the infant’s needs and bids for attention and luxury .
Through repeated interactions with an equivalent adults, an infant begins to acknowledge caregivers and to anticipate the behaviour of the first caregiver, usually the mother. Bowlby described the infant as biologically predisposed to use the caregiver as a haven of safety, or a secure base, while exploring the environment. So an infant who feels threatened will address the caregiver for cover and luxury . The caregiver’s responses to such bids help mould the attachment relationship into a pattern of interaction that develops over time. By the top of the primary year of life, the history of the connection between infant and caregiver allows the infant to start to anticipate the caregiver’s response to her bids for comfort, and to act in accordance with those expectations.
Another tenet of attachment theory is that from these first relationships, infants form mental representations of the self, others and therefore the relationship between self and other. Bowlby called these representations inner working models.1 because the infant develops and encounters the planet beyond that first relationship, the inner working model guides her behaviour and expectations in subsequent relationships also .
Mothers who are sensitive and comforting when the infant makes bids for comfort will have infants who still hunt down the mother when distressed, and can be calmed by contact with the mother. The infant’s inner working model will lead her to ascertain others as reliable and compassionate, and herself as deserve this type of attention. This pattern has been labelled secure.
In contrast, if the caregiver has been unavailable or only erratically available or insensitive or rejecting when the infant has sought contact, the infant will learn to not seek contact when distressed or to hunt comfort only in an ambivalent manner, as strong bids might alienate an already unreliable caregiver. The inner working model of this infant will lead her to ascertain others as untrustworthy and potentially rejecting, and herself as not deserving reliable, sensitive care. These patterns are labelled insecure. Insecure attachment patterns are further specified into two patterns: avoidant attachment and resistant (or ambivalent) attachment. additionally , some infants are classified as disorganized/disoriented with reference to attachment because they are doing not seem ready to resort to one , organized attachment pattern within the face of threat or stress. Instead, they become disoriented or resort to conflicting behaviour strategies.
Subject: Attachment and Later Development
Research has demonstrated that security of attachment during infancy predicts aspects of social development during childhood and adolescence, like empathy, social competence and behavior problems, with secure attachment predicting more optimal developmental outcomes and insecure attachment predicting behaviour and relationship difficulties. we’ve also found a secure attachment to be a serious protective factor for youngsters who function during a competent fashion even within the face of adversity.13 additionally , attachment relationships may have long-term effects on functioning by influencing the course of biological development, including brain development.
Inner working models are carried forward from infancy throughout the life course and, as noted above, they influence the individual’s expectations and behavior in relationships, including parenting within the next generation. Using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI),15 variety of studies have demonstrated that parent attachment organization is said to infant attachment patterns. Parents with secure organizations are likely to possess infants who are securely attached with them, and fogeys with insecure organizations are likely to possess infants who are insecurely attached with them.16,17
Because of the various positive outcomes related to a secure attachment, the implications are clear. Design (and evaluate) prevention and intervention programs to market a secure parent-infant attachment relationship so as to enhance developmental outcomes of infants and youngsters who are in danger for poor developmental outcomes and stop behaviour problems and psychopathology.
2. Explain family therapy and describe the various models of family therapy.
3. Explain the application of cognitive behavior therapy in children.
SECTION – B
Answer the following questions in 400 words each. 5 x 5 = 25 marks
4. Differentiate between Id, Ego and Superego.
5. Explain Freud’s psychosexual stages and their implications for development.
6. Explain Jung’s Analytical psychology.
7. Describe the techniques of IP therapy given by Klerman and Weissman.
8. Explain the seven inferential distortions of Beck.
SECTION – C
Answer the following questions in 50 words each. 10 x 3 = 30 marks
9. Treatment principles of Solution focused therapy
10. Double-standard dispute as a CBT technique
11. Group therapy vs. Individual therapy
12. In groups and Out groups
13. Projective identification
14. Multisystemic therapy
15. Cognitive analytic therapy
16. Goals of therapy with dying persons
17. Five stages of dying by Kubler-Ross
18. Extinction vs Spontaneous recovery
IGNOU MPCE 013 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY (MAPC) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY (MAPC) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MPCE 013 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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