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MJM 023 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Assignment Code: MJM-023/Jan/July 2021
Note: Answer all the questions, they carry equal marks.
1.What are the basic elements of radio? Explain with examples. (500 words)
Radio, sound communication by radio waves, usually through the transmission of music, news, and other sorts of programs from single broadcast stations to multitudes of individual listeners equipped with radio receivers. From its birth early within the 20th century, broadcast radio astonished and delighted the general public by providing news and entertainment with an immediacy never before thought possible. From about 1920 to 1945, radio developed into the primary electronic medium , monopolizing “the airwaves” and defining, along side newspapers, magazines, and motion pictures, a whole generation of culture . About 1945 the looks of television began to rework radio’s content and role. Broadcast radio remained the foremost widely available electronic medium within the world, though its importance in modern life didn’t match that of television, and within the early 21st century it faced yet more competitive pressure from digital satellite- and Internet-based audio services.
Based on the human voice, radio may be a uniquely personal medium, invoking a listener’s imagination to fill in mental images round the broadcast sounds. More readily and during a more widespread fashion than the other medium, radio can soothe listeners with comforting dialogue or background music, or it can jar them back to reality with polemics and breaking news. Radio can also employ a boundless plethora of sound and music effects to entertain and enthrall listeners. Since the birth of this medium, commercial broadcast companies also as government organs have made conscious use of its unique attributes to make programs that attract and hold listeners’ attention. The history of radio programming and broadcasting round the world is explored during this article.
Radio’s early years
The first voice and music signals heard over radio waves were transmitted in December 1906 from Brant Rock, Massachusetts (just south of Boston), when Canadian experimenter Reginald Fessenden produced about an hour of talk and music for technical observers and any radio amateurs who could be listening. Many other one-off experiments happened within the next few years, but none led to continuing scheduled services. On the West Coast of the us , for instance , Charles (“Doc”) Herrold began operating a wireless transmitter in conjunction together with his radio school in San Jose, California, about 1908. Herrold was soon providing regularly scheduled voice and music programs to alittle local audience of amateur radio operators in what may are the primary such continuing service within the world.
The radio hobby grew during the last decade before war I, and therefore the ability to “listen in” with earphones (as there have been no loudspeakers) and infrequently hear voices and music seemed almost magical. Nevertheless, only a few people heard these early broadcasts—most people merely heard about them—in part because the sole available receivers were those handmade by radio enthusiasts, the bulk of them men and boys. Among these early receivers were crystal sets, which used a small piece of galena (lead sulfide) called a “cat’s whisker” to detect radio signals. Although popular, inexpensive, and straightforward to form , crystal sets were a challenge to tune to a station. Such experiments were scattered, then there was little demand for manufactured receivers. (Plug-in radio receivers, which, through the utilization of loudspeakers, allowed for radio to become a “communal experience,” wouldn’t become widespread until after 1927.) Early broadcasters within the us , like Herrold, would continue until early 1917, when federal restrictions forced most radio transmitters off the air for the remainder of war I, stalling the expansion of the medium.
2. Write a script for a television news package of 90 seconds duration on any story related to COVID-19 vaccination.
3. Explain the three main stages of television programme production. (450 words)
4. What is hyper-textuality ? Explain the use of hyper-textuality in online journalism with suitable examples. (500 words)
5. Explain any two of the following terms: (200 words each)
ii. P to G style of TV news script writing
IGNOU MJM 023 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN JOURNALISM AND MASS COMMUNICATION (PGJMC) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN JOURNALISM AND MASS COMMUNICATION (PGJMC) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MJM 023 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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