MES 013 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MES 013 Solved Assignment 2021-22 , MES 013 Assignment 2022 , FREE MES 013 Assignment , IGNOU Assignments 2021-22- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of this session for MASTER OF ARTS (EDUCATION) for the year 2021-22. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. They don’t need to go anywhere else when everything regarding the Assignments are available during this text only.
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MES 013 Solved Assignment 2021-22
a) Discuss Vygotsky’s socio-cultural perspective in learning and its educational implications. (500 words)
The work of Lev Vygotsky (1934) has become the inspiration of much research and theory in cognitive development over the past several decades, particularly of what has become referred to as sociocultural theory.
Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory views human development as a socially mediated process during which children acquire their cultural values, beliefs, and problem-solving strategies through collaborative dialogues with more knowledgeable members of society. Vygotsky’s theory is comprised of concepts like culture-specific tools, private speech, and therefore the Zone of Proximal Development.
Vygotsky’s theories stress the elemental role of social interaction within the development of cognition (Vygotsky, 1978), as he believed strongly that community plays a central role within the process of “making meaning.”
Unlike Piaget’s notion that childrens’ development must necessarily precede their learning, Vygotsky argued, “learning may be a necessary and universal aspect of the method of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function” (1978, p. 90). In other words, social learning tends to precede (i.e., come before) development.
Vygotsky has developed a sociocultural approach to cognitive development. He developed his theories at round the same time as Piaget was beginning to develop his ideas (1920’s and 30’s), but he died at the age of 38, then his theories are incomplete – although a number of his writings are still being translated from Russian.
No single principle (such as Piaget’s equilibration) can account for development. Individual development can’t be understood without regard to the social and cultural context within which it’s embedded. Higher mental processes within the individual have their origin in social processes.
Vygotsky places more emphasis on culture affecting cognitive development.
This contradicts Piaget’s view of universal stages and content of development (Vygotsky doesn’t ask stages within the way that Piaget does).
Hence Vygotsky assumes cognitive development varies across cultures, whereas Piaget states cognitive development is usually universal across cultures.
Vygotsky places considerably more emphasis on social factors contributing to cognitive development.
(i) Vygotsky states the importance of cultural and social context for learning. Cognitive development stems from social interactions from guided learning within the zone of proximal development as children and their partner’s co-construct knowledge. In contrast, Piaget maintains that cognitive development stems largely from independent explorations during which children construct knowledge of their own.
(ii) For Vygotsky, the environment during which children get older will influence how they think and what they believe .
Vygotsky places more (and different) emphasis on the role of language in cognitive development.
According to Piaget, language depends on thought for its development (i.e., thought comes before language). For Vygotsky, thought and language are initially separate systems from the start of life, merging at around three years aged , producing verbal thought (inner speech).
For Vygotsky, cognitive development results from an internalization of language.
b) Describe the nature and importance of learning languages and social sciences in school curriculum. (500 words)
c) Explain the concept of authentic activities. Take up any authentic task and explain how different skills can be developed collaboratively. (500 words)
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GUIDELINES FOR MES 013 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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