IGNOU MTTM 4 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MTTM 4 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 , IGNOU MMTM 4 INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND TOURISM Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU MTTM 4 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU MTTM 4 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

Important Links : Handwritten Hardcopy 

IGNOU MTTM 4 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23  is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field.

IGNOU MTTM 4 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q1. Discuss the nature and properties of Data. Also explain with the help of examples, the co relationship between data, information and knowledge.

Data refers to raw, unorganized, and unprocessed facts, figures, symbols, or characters. Data can be in any form, such as numbers, text, images, audio, or video. The nature of data is that it is neutral and objective, meaning that it does not have any inherent meaning until it is analyzed and interpreted.

Properties of data include:

  • Relevance: Data should be relevant to the problem or situation at hand.
  • Accuracy: Data should be accurate and free from errors or bias.
  • Completeness: Data should be complete and comprehensive, covering all aspects of the problem.
  • Timeliness: Data should be timely and relevant to the current situation.
  • Consistency: Data should be consistent and standardized.

Information is the result of processing and analyzing data, which gives it meaning and context. Information can be defined as knowledge derived from data through analysis, interpretation, and organization. For example, if we have data on the sales of a product, we can analyze it and derive information on the sales trends, popular regions, and customer demographics.

Knowledge is the result of understanding and applying information. It is the highest level of understanding, which involves the ability to interpret and evaluate information and make decisions based on it. For example, if we have information on the sales trends and customer demographics, we can use this knowledge to make decisions on how to improve our marketing strategy to target the right customers.

The relationship between data, information, and knowledge can be represented as a pyramid, where data forms the base, information is the middle layer, and knowledge is at the top. This pyramid illustrates the fact that knowledge is built on information, which in turn is based on data. Without data, there can be no information, and without information, there can be no knowledge.

For example, consider a hospital that collects data on patient health records. The data may include patient names, ages, medical histories, and current conditions. By analyzing this data, the hospital can generate information on disease trends, common symptoms, and effective treatments. This information can then be used by doctors and nurses to make decisions on patient care, leading to the creation of new medical knowledge.

In conclusion, data, information, and knowledge are interrelated and build upon each other. Data provides the raw material for creating information, which in turn can be used to generate knowledge. Understanding the nature and properties of data is essential for accurate and meaningful information and knowledge creation. IGNOU MTTM 4 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q2. Discuss the role of Information Technology in the growth & development of Tourism Industry. Support your answer with suitable examples.

Information technology (IT) has played a significant role in the growth and development of the tourism industry in recent years. From the planning phase of a trip to the post-trip feedback stage, IT has revolutionized the way we plan, book, and experience travel. Here are some examples of the role of IT in the tourism industry:

  • Online Booking: Online booking platforms have made it easier for travelers to book flights, hotels, and other travel-related services. Websites such as Booking.com, Expedia, and Airbnb have made booking accommodations more accessible and user-friendly. Customers can compare prices, read reviews, and book accommodations that suit their preferences.
  • Destination Information: The internet has made it easier for travelers to research and plan their trips. With the help of various websites and applications such as TripAdvisor, Google Maps, and Lonely Planet, tourists can find information on various tourist attractions, local cuisines, customs, and traditions. This has increased the level of engagement and curiosity of tourists, making them more likely to travel.
  • Customer Service: IT has also improved customer service in the tourism industry. Chatbots, virtual assistants, and other AI-driven technologies can provide customers with 24/7 assistance and support, answering questions, and addressing their concerns in real-time. This has led to a better customer experience and higher customer satisfaction.
  • Marketing: IT has also played a significant role in marketing tourism. Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter are commonly used by tourism businesses to promote their services and engage with their customers. For example, hotels and resorts use social media to showcase their amenities, services, and promotions, and travel bloggers and influencers can reach out to their followers and provide recommendations to their travel destinations.
  • Data Analytics: Data analytics can provide businesses with valuable insights into their customers’ preferences and behaviors. This information can help them make informed decisions about their products and services, marketing strategies, and pricing. This can lead to an increased level of personalization, which can improve customer satisfaction and loyalty.

In conclusion, Information Technology has significantly impacted the tourism industry, improving the way tourists plan, book, and experience travel. From online booking platforms to social media marketing, IT has become an essential tool for tourism businesses. The tourism industry has become more efficient and customer-friendly with the adoption of IT, and it is likely to continue to evolve as technology advances.

Q3. Explain evolution and classification of computers. Differentiate between computer hardware and software. 

Evolution of Computers:

Computers have evolved from simple calculators to complex machines capable of performing complex tasks. Here is a brief overview of the evolution of computers:

  • Abacus: A manual calculator used in ancient times.
  • Mechanical calculators: These were the first automated calculators that were introduced in the 19th century.
  • Vacuum tube computers: These were the first electronic computers that were introduced in the 1940s.
  • Transistor computers: These were the second-generation computers that were introduced in the 1950s.
  • Integrated circuit computers: These were the third-generation computers that were introduced in the 1960s.
  • Microprocessor computers: These were the fourth-generation computers that were introduced in the 1970s.
  • Personal computers: These were introduced in the 1980s and revolutionized the way people work and communicate.

Classification of Computers:

Computers can be classified based on their size, performance, and functionality. Here are the different types of computers:

  • Supercomputers: These are the most powerful and expensive computers used for complex scientific and engineering calculations.
  • Mainframe computers: These are large computers used for handling large amounts of data and processing transactions.
  • Mini-computers: These are small computers used for scientific and engineering calculations.
  • Microcomputers: These are small computers used for personal and office use.
  • Embedded computers: These are specialized computers used in machines and appliances.

Hardware vs. Software:

Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer, including the CPU, RAM, hard drive, keyboard, and monitor. Software refers to the programs and applications that run on a computer, including the operating system, word processors, and video games. Hardware cannot function without software, and software cannot function without hardware.

Q4. What is meant by System Analysis? Explain the System Life Cycle.

System Analysis is the process of examining, modeling, and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of a system, which can be a physical or a conceptual entity. The primary goal of system analysis is to identify the components of a system, understand their relationships and behavior, and optimize the system’s performance and functionality.

The System Life Cycle is a comprehensive model that describes the different phases a system undergoes from its conception to retirement. There are typically six phases of the System Life Cycle, which include:

  • Feasibility study: In this phase, the feasibility of the proposed system is determined. It includes analyzing the needs of the stakeholders, identifying the constraints, assessing the costs and benefits, and evaluating the technical and operational feasibility of the system.
  • Requirements analysis: In this phase, the requirements of the system are defined. It involves gathering, analyzing, and documenting the functional and non-functional requirements of the system.
  • Design: In this phase, the system design is developed. It involves creating the architecture, selecting the hardware and software components, and designing the user interface.
  • Implementation: In this phase, the system is developed and tested. It includes coding, integrating the components, and testing the system to ensure it meets the requirements.
  • Operations and maintenance: In this phase, the system is deployed and used. It involves monitoring the system performance, providing user support, and maintaining the system to ensure its availability, reliability, and security.
  • Retirement: In this phase, the system is phased out and replaced. It involves decommissioning the system, migrating the data, and ensuring a smooth transition to the new system.

By following the System Life Cycle, organizations can ensure that the system meets the needs of the stakeholders, is efficient, and is delivered on time and within budget.

5. Write short notes on the following:

i) LAN

LAN stands for Local Area Network. It is a computer network that connects devices within a limited geographical area such as a home, office, or school. LANs are used for sharing resources such as printers, files, and applications among multiple devices, and for facilitating communication between devices.

LANs can be wired or wireless, and they typically use Ethernet or Wi-Fi technologies to transmit data between devices. In a wired LAN, devices are connected to each other using physical cables such as Ethernet cables. In a wireless LAN, devices communicate with each other over a wireless signal using Wi-Fi technology.

LANs are typically owned and managed by a single organization or individual. They are often used in homes and small businesses, and are also commonly found in larger organizations such as schools, hospitals, and government agencies.

ii) MIS

MIS stands for Management Information Systems. It is a discipline that combines management and technology to help organizations make informed decisions. MIS is concerned with the design, implementation, and management of information systems that support organizational processes.

MIS provides managers with the tools and information they need to make effective decisions. This includes data analysis, reporting, and forecasting capabilities. MIS also includes systems that automate routine tasks, such as inventory management and payroll processing.

The role of MIS has become increasingly important in the digital age, as organizations rely more heavily on technology to support their operations. MIS professionals are responsible for designing and implementing systems that are reliable, secure, and easy to use. They also ensure that the systems meet the needs of the organization and its stakeholders.

iii) Computer Virus

A computer virus is a type of malicious software program that is designed to replicate itself and spread from one computer system to another, often without the user’s knowledge or consent. Once a computer virus infects a system, it can cause a range of harmful effects, such as deleting files, corrupting data, or stealing sensitive information.

Computer viruses can be spread through a variety of means, such as email attachments, infected software downloads, or malicious websites. In order to protect against viruses, it is important to use up-to-date anti-virus software, avoid downloading files or opening emails from unknown sources, and regularly back up important data.

iv) Electronic Spreadsheet

An electronic spreadsheet is a computer software application used for organizing, analyzing, and storing data in a tabular format. The data is usually arranged in rows and columns, and mathematical formulas can be applied to the data to perform calculations and create graphs and charts.

The most commonly used electronic spreadsheet is Microsoft Excel, which is part of the Microsoft Office suite. Other popular electronic spreadsheet programs include Google Sheets, Apple Numbers, and LibreOffice Calc.

Electronic spreadsheets are commonly used in business, finance, and accounting to manage data, create financial statements, and perform budgeting and forecasting. They can also be used for personal budgeting, project management, and other data analysis tasks.

One of the key benefits of electronic spreadsheets is their ability to perform calculations quickly and accurately. This can save significant time and reduce errors compared to performing calculations manually. Additionally, electronic spreadsheets are highly customizable, allowing users to create their own templates and formulas to meet specific needs.

However, electronic spreadsheets also have some limitations. They can be prone to errors if data is entered incorrectly or formulas are not used properly. Additionally, as the amount of data in a spreadsheet grows, it can become unwieldy and difficult to manage.

Q6. Discuss the strategic issues of Computer Aided Decision Making.

Computer Aided Decision Making (CADM) is the process of using computer programs and algorithms to assist in decision making. While CADM can be very beneficial in certain situations, there are several strategic issues that organizations must consider when implementing CADM.

  • Data quality: The effectiveness of CADM depends heavily on the quality of the data being used. Garbage in, garbage out (GIGO) is a common problem with CADM systems. Organizations must ensure that the data used by the system is accurate, complete, and up-to-date.
  • Transparency and explainability: CADM systems can be complex and difficult to understand. Organizations must ensure that the decision-making process of the CADM system is transparent and explainable. This is particularly important for sensitive decisions that could have a significant impact on individuals or groups.
  • Human oversight: While CADM systems can automate many decisions, they are not a substitute for human judgment. Organizations must ensure that there is human oversight of CADM systems to ensure that decisions are made in accordance with organizational values and goals.
  • Bias and discrimination: CADM systems can inadvertently perpetuate biases and discrimination that exist in the data being used. Organizations must be vigilant in identifying and addressing any bias or discrimination in the CADM system.
  • Security and privacy: CADM systems can contain sensitive information that must be protected. Organizations must ensure that appropriate security and privacy measures are in place to protect the data and the decision-making process.
  • Cost: Implementing and maintaining CADM systems can be expensive. Organizations must carefully consider the costs and benefits of CADM systems and ensure that they align with organizational goals and priorities.

Overall, CADM can be a powerful tool for decision making, but it is important for organizations to consider these strategic issues before implementing CADM systems. Organizations must ensure that they have the necessary resources, expertise, and oversight to implement and maintain CADM systems effectively.

Q7. Discuss in detail the legal dimensions of computerization. Substantiate your answer with suitable examples.

The legal dimensions of computerization refer to the legal implications and issues arising from the use of computers and information technology in various domains. As computers and information technology become more pervasive in society, the legal dimensions of computerization have become increasingly complex and significant. In this response, we will discuss some of the key legal dimensions of computerization and provide suitable examples to substantiate our argument.

  1. Intellectual Property Rights:

One of the most significant legal dimensions of computerization is the protection of intellectual property rights. With the advent of the digital era, the ease of copying and distributing digital works has led to increased concerns regarding copyright infringement, piracy, and plagiarism. Therefore, copyright laws and patents have become more complex to safeguard software, digital media, and other computer-related inventions.

For example, Microsoft Corporation vs. TiVo Inc. case, where Microsoft sued TiVo for patent infringement, specifically the digital video recorder technology that was used in their set-top boxes. Similarly, in the landmark case of MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd., the US Supreme Court held that software companies can be held liable for copyright infringement if their products facilitate illegal file sharing of copyrighted materials.

  1. Cybercrime:

Another important legal dimension of computerization is cybercrime. With the increasing reliance on computers and networks for financial transactions, cybercrime has become a significant concern. Cybercrime refers to any illegal activity that is committed using computers and networks. This can include hacking, cyberstalking, phishing, and identity theft, among others.

For example, in 2017, the WannaCry ransomware attack affected over 300,000 computers in 150 countries, causing widespread disruption to businesses and government agencies. In the same year, Equifax, a credit reporting company, revealed that a cyberattack had exposed the personal information of over 143 million people. These examples highlight the need for robust cybersecurity laws and regulations to protect against cybercrime.

  1. Privacy:

The use of computers and networks has also raised concerns about privacy. As more personal information is collected and stored electronically, there is a risk of unauthorized access and misuse of this information. Therefore, data privacy laws have become essential to safeguard personal information.

For example, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) are two significant data privacy laws that require companies to provide transparency about the collection and use of personal information, obtain explicit consent for data processing, and allow individuals to access, modify, or delete their personal data. These laws have significant implications for businesses that collect and process personal information.

  1. Liability:

As computers and information technology become more integral to various industries, the issue of liability has become increasingly complex. For example, in the case of autonomous vehicles, who is responsible for accidents caused by a self-driving car? Is it the manufacturer, the software developer, or the vehicle owner? Therefore, liability laws and regulations need to be updated to account for emerging technologies.


In conclusion, the legal dimensions of computerization are diverse and complex. Intellectual property rights, cybercrime, privacy, and liability are just a few examples of the legal implications arising from the use of computers and information technology. As technology continues to advance, it is crucial for lawmakers and regulatory bodies to keep pace with these developments and create appropriate legal frameworks to protect individuals and society as a whole.

Q8. Explain the role played by Computer in Management Decision Making Process.

Computers have a crucial role in the management decision-making process. In today’s fast-paced business environment, managers need to make quick and informed decisions to remain competitive. The computer can provide managers with a vast amount of data and information, which can be analyzed and used to make better decisions.

Here are some of the ways computers support management decision-making:

  • Data Collection: Computers can collect data from various sources such as internal databases, customer feedback, social media, and market research. This data can be used to identify trends and patterns, and make better-informed decisions.
  • Data Processing and Analysis: Computers can process and analyze large volumes of data quickly, accurately, and efficiently. This allows managers to identify relevant information, detect trends and anomalies, and make predictions based on statistical analysis.
  • Decision Support Systems: Computer-based decision support systems (DSS) can provide managers with real-time information and analytical tools to support their decision-making process. These systems can help managers evaluate various scenarios, predict outcomes, and make informed decisions based on objective data.
  • Communication: Computers can facilitate communication and collaboration among team members, allowing them to share information, exchange ideas, and make decisions collectively. This can improve the quality of decision-making by providing diverse perspectives and expertise.
  • Automation: Computers can automate routine and repetitive tasks, freeing up managers’ time to focus on more strategic decision-making. Automation can also reduce errors and improve efficiency, leading to better decision-making outcomes.

In summary, computers have revolutionized the management decision-making process by providing managers with access to vast amounts of data, analytical tools, and communication platforms. By leveraging these capabilities, managers can make more informed and timely decisions, ultimately leading to improved business outcomes.

Q9. Discuss the effect of computerization on society with the help of suitable examples.

Computerization, which refers to the automation of manual tasks using computers and related technologies, has had a profound effect on society. Below are some examples of how computerization has impacted various aspects of society:

  • Workforce: Computerization has significantly changed the nature of work and employment. For instance, automation has replaced many manual jobs in industries such as manufacturing and transportation. Additionally, it has led to the creation of new jobs in fields such as software development, data analytics, and cybersecurity.
  • Education: Computerization has transformed the way people learn and access education. E-learning platforms, such as Coursera and edX, provide access to courses and certifications from top universities and institutions worldwide. These platforms offer flexible learning options, enabling individuals to learn at their own pace and from any location.
  • Healthcare: Computerization has revolutionized healthcare in numerous ways, including the development of electronic health records (EHRs), telemedicine, and medical imaging. EHRs have made it easier for healthcare providers to access and share patient information, leading to better patient outcomes. Telemedicine has enabled remote consultations, reducing the need for in-person visits. Medical imaging, such as MRI and CT scans, has improved diagnosis accuracy and treatment outcomes.
  • Communication: Computerization has transformed the way people communicate, with the rise of social media, instant messaging, and video conferencing platforms. These technologies have made it easier for people to connect with each other, regardless of distance or location.
  • Entertainment: Computerization has also impacted the entertainment industry, with the development of streaming services such as Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime Video. These platforms offer on-demand access to movies, TV shows, and other content, enabling viewers to watch what they want, when they want.

In conclusion, computerization has had a profound impact on society, transforming the way we work, learn, communicate, receive healthcare, and access entertainment. While it has brought numerous benefits, it has also raised concerns about privacy, job displacement, and social isolation. It is important to carefully consider the effects of computerization on society and work to address any negative consequences.

Q.10. Write short notes on any two of the following:

i) Use of computers in the Hotel industry

Computers play a significant role in the hotel industry. Here are some examples:

  • Reservations and bookings: Most hotels use computer systems to manage reservations and bookings. This makes it easy for customers to make reservations and for hotels to manage their inventory.
  • Point of Sale (POS) systems: Many hotels use POS systems to manage their food and beverage operations. This allows for efficient ordering, billing, and tracking of inventory.
  • Property Management Systems (PMS): PMS software is used by hotels to manage their day-to-day operations, including front desk management, housekeeping, and accounting.
  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM): CRM software is used by hotels to manage their customer interactions, track customer preferences, and offer personalized services.
  • Revenue Management Systems (RMS): RMS software is used by hotels to optimize their room rates and revenue. This involves analyzing market trends, predicting demand, and adjusting room rates accordingly.
  • Marketing and advertising: Computers are used extensively for marketing and advertising purposes in the hotel industry. This includes email marketing, social media marketing, and online advertising.
  • Security: Computers are used for security purposes in hotels, including monitoring cameras, controlling access to rooms and other secure areas, and managing fire alarm systems.

Overall, computers are essential to the efficient operation of modern hotels, enabling them to provide a high level of service to their guests while optimizing their revenue and operations.

ii) Internal and External Information System

An information system (IS) refers to a system that collects, processes, stores, and disseminates information. It plays a critical role in organizations by enabling them to manage and coordinate their operations more effectively. Information systems can be classified into two broad categories: internal and external.

Internal Information Systems:

Internal information systems are those that are used within an organization to manage its operations. They are designed to support the day-to-day activities of an organization and are often customized to meet the specific needs of that organization. Internal information systems are typically used for tasks such as accounting, finance, inventory management, and human resources.

Examples of internal information systems include enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, customer relationship management (CRM) systems, and supply chain management (SCM) systems. These systems help organizations manage their internal operations more efficiently, improve productivity, and reduce costs.

External Information Systems:

External information systems are those that are used by an organization to interact with external entities such as customers, suppliers, and partners. They are designed to facilitate communication and collaboration between organizations and are often used to share information and resources.

Examples of external information systems include electronic data interchange (EDI) systems, online marketplaces, and customer portals. These systems help organizations interact with their customers and partners more effectively, improve customer service, and enhance collaboration.

In summary, internal information systems are used within an organization to manage its operations, while external information systems are used to interact with external entities. Both types of information systems play a critical role in enabling organizations to achieve their goals and objectives.

iii) Network Topology

Network Topology refers to the physical or logical arrangement of a network. It describes how devices are connected and how they communicate with each other. There are several types of network topologies, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Here are some of the most common types of network topologies:

  • Bus Topology: In this topology, all devices are connected to a single cable called the backbone. Data is transmitted from one end of the cable to the other, and all devices receive the data. This type of topology is easy to install and inexpensive, but it can be slow and susceptible to network congestion.
  • Star Topology: In this topology, all devices are connected to a central hub or switch. Data is transmitted between devices through the hub, and each device has its own dedicated connection to the hub. This type of topology is reliable, easy to troubleshoot, and can handle high traffic volumes, but it requires more cabling than other topologies.
  • Ring Topology: In this topology, all devices are connected in a circular chain. Data is transmitted in one direction around the ring, and each device regenerates the signal and passes it on to the next device. This type of topology is reliable, but it can be slow and difficult to troubleshoot.
  • Mesh Topology: In this topology, each device is connected to every other device in the network. Data can be transmitted directly between devices without passing through a central hub. This type of topology is highly reliable and can handle high traffic volumes, but it requires a lot of cabling and can be expensive to install.
  • Hybrid Topology: In this topology, a combination of two or more of the above topologies is used. For example, a network might use a star topology for the main network, with smaller bus topologies connecting to each device. This type of topology can provide the benefits of multiple topologies while minimizing their disadvantages.

The choice of network topology depends on factors such as the size and complexity of the network, the types of devices being used, and the requirements for speed, reliability, and security.

GET Handwritten Hardcopy 
All Over India Delivery 
WhatsApp – 8130208920

Leave a Comment