IGNOU MPYE 012 Tribal Philosophy Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 012 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU MPYE 012 Tribal Philosophy Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU MPYE 012 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU MPYE 012 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

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IGNOU MPYE 012 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field. IGNOU MPYE 012 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 012 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q1. Define Tribe. Describe some features of Tribal World views.

A tribe is a group of people who share a common ancestry, culture, language, and often, geographic location. Tribal societies are usually small-scale and are characterized by their strong social bonds, communal way of life, and close relationship with the natural environment.

Tribal worldviews are shaped by a deep respect for the natural world, which is seen as a living, breathing entity that sustains all life. This view often incorporates a belief in animism, where everything in the world, including rocks, trees, and animals, is imbued with a spirit or life force.

Additionally, tribes typically view themselves as part of a larger network of interconnected beings, where everything and everyone is connected in a web of relationships. As such, they often prioritize community over individualism and value cooperation and sharing over competition and accumulation of wealth.

Finally, tribal societies often have a strong oral tradition and rely heavily on storytelling to pass down knowledge, history, and culture from one generation to the next. These stories often serve as a means of reinforcing social norms and values, as well as promoting a sense of collective identity and belonging.

Q2. “Do I like my neighbor?” Discuss the social and moral implications of this statement of a tribal man in Kalahari of South Africa in response of a question asked by a reporter (According to the story that comes in Sacred Tribal Values).

From the perspective of a tribal man in Kalahari, the question “Do I like my neighbor?” would be viewed within the context of their social and moral values. For the San people of Kalahari, social cohesion and community harmony are of utmost importance, and their traditional values emphasize interdependence and cooperation over individualism.

Therefore, the answer to the question of whether the tribal man likes his neighbor would not be based on personal preferences or feelings alone. Instead, it would be evaluated in terms of the individual’s role in the community and their behavior towards others.

If the neighbor is someone who contributes to the well-being of the community, follows tribal customs and traditions, and respects the rights of others, then the tribal man would likely view them positively. Conversely, if the neighbor is someone who causes conflict, acts selfishly, or fails to adhere to tribal norms, then the tribal man may view them negatively.

In this context, the question of whether the tribal man likes his neighbor is not simply a matter of personal preference, but rather a reflection of the social and moral values of their community. The tribal man’s response would likely reflect these values, emphasizing the importance of social harmony and community well-being over individual likes or dislikes.

Q3. Answer any two questions in about 250 words each.

a) Write a note on tribal idea of religion.

The concept of religion in tribal societies is vastly different from the Western idea of religion. In tribal communities, religion is not a separate institution or system of beliefs; rather, it is intertwined with every aspect of daily life, including politics, social organization, and economic practices.

Tribal religions are usually polytheistic, meaning they worship multiple deities, spirits, or ancestors. The deities and spirits in tribal religions are often associated with specific aspects of nature, such as the sun, moon, and earth. The worship of these deities is not always formal, and rituals can be as simple as offering food or water to them.

In tribal societies, religious beliefs and practices are not based on written texts or dogmas. Instead, they are passed down orally from one generation to another. Tribal religions often lack a formal hierarchy or organized priesthood. Instead, they have shamans or medicine men who act as intermediaries between the people and the spiritual world.

The purpose of religion in tribal societies is to maintain harmony with nature and the community. Therefore, tribal religions often emphasize the importance of community values such as generosity, hospitality, and respect for elders.

In conclusion, the tribal idea of religion is vastly different from the Western idea of religion. It is not a separate institution or system of beliefs, but rather intertwined with every aspect of daily life. Tribal religions are usually polytheistic, lack formal hierarchy or organized priesthood, and emphasize community values such as harmony with nature and respect for elders.

b) Write a note on the tribal idea of God and worship.

The concept of God and worship varies widely among different tribal cultures. However, many tribes share some common characteristics in their ideas about God and worship.

For many tribal cultures, God is viewed as a powerful and benevolent force that is present in nature and the universe. God is seen as the creator of all things and is responsible for maintaining the balance of the natural world.

Tribal worship often involves rituals and ceremonies that are intended to honor and appease God. These rituals may involve offerings of food or other items, dancing, singing, and prayer. Often, tribal members will engage in these rituals as a community, reinforcing the bonds between members and creating a sense of shared identity.

In some tribes, certain individuals may be designated as spiritual leaders or shamans, who are responsible for communicating with God and interpreting divine messages. These leaders may also use herbs or other natural substances to create trance-like states that allow them to communicate with the spiritual realm.

Overall, the tribal idea of God and worship is deeply rooted in a connection to nature and the belief in a powerful, guiding force that governs the universe. These beliefs are often passed down through generations and play an important role in shaping tribal culture and identity.

c) Write a note on the idea of birth and initiation in Santal Tribe.

The Santal tribe, also known as the Santali people, is one of the largest tribes in India, with a population of around 6 million. The Santals have a rich culture that is deeply rooted in their traditional beliefs and practices. One important aspect of Santal culture is the idea of birth and initiation, which is considered essential for a person’s spiritual and social development.

In Santal culture, birth is considered a sacred event, and there are several rituals and ceremonies associated with it. When a child is born, the father performs a puja or worship ceremony, during which he seeks the blessings of the family deity and other gods and goddesses. The child is given a name, which is usually chosen based on the day and time of their birth, and is considered a sacred and important part of their identity.

Initiation, or the rite of passage, is also an essential aspect of Santal culture. Initiation marks the transition from childhood to adulthood and is considered a significant event in a person’s life. For boys, initiation is known as the “Baha” ceremony, and for girls, it is known as the “Phulpati” ceremony. During these ceremonies, the young people are taught the customs, traditions, and values of the Santal tribe, including their spiritual beliefs, social norms, and cultural practices.

The initiation ceremonies are also an opportunity for young people to prove their strength, endurance, and courage. For example, during the Baha ceremony, boys are required to fast for several days, perform physical tasks, and endure various tests of endurance and strength. Similarly, during the Phulpati ceremony, girls are required to perform rituals, sing songs, and display their artistic talents.

Overall, the idea of birth and initiation plays a vital role in Santal culture. These events are considered essential for a person’s spiritual and social development, and they are deeply rooted in the tribe’s traditional beliefs and practices. By participating in these ceremonies, Santal people are able to maintain a connection with their cultural heritage and pass on their traditions to future generations.

d) “Art is the idealization of the purely experiential pattern”? Discuss.

The statement “Art is the idealization of the purely experiential pattern” suggests that art is a form of expression that takes the raw experiences of life and transforms them into something idealized and refined. In other words, art takes the chaos of everyday life and organizes it into a structured and meaningful form that we can appreciate and understand.

One way to interpret this statement is to consider the process of creating art. When an artist begins a new work, they often start with a raw experience or feeling, such as a particular emotion, an observation of nature, or a memory. They then use their creative skills to transform this experience into a work of art that captures its essence and communicates it to the viewer.

In this sense, art can be seen as a distillation of experience. By stripping away the extraneous details and focusing on the core elements of an experience, an artist can create a work that captures its essential character. This process of idealization can elevate the mundane and ordinary into something sublime and transcendent.

At the same time, the idealization of experience through art is not necessarily a literal or realistic representation. Rather, it involves the use of various artistic techniques, such as abstraction, stylization, or symbolism, to convey the essence of the experience in a way that is both aesthetically pleasing and emotionally resonant.

In conclusion, the statement “Art is the idealization of the purely experiential pattern” captures the transformative power of art to take the raw experiences of life and turn them into something beautiful, meaningful, and universal. Through the creative process, artists can capture the essence of experience and communicate it to others in a way that transcends the boundaries of time, place, and culture.

Q4. Answer any four questions in about 150 words each.

a) What are the social implications of belief in ancestor’s spirit?

b) Discuss symbolism?

c) What are the effects produced by Singbonga on Roa?

d) How does Korostelina define identity?

e) How does tribal resolve their community problems?

f) What is the meaning of rediscovering the sacred space? Discuss.

Q5. Write a short note on any five in about 100 words each.

a) The Kharwar Movement

b) Sarhul

c) Santal account of heavenly bodies

d) Subaltern History

e) Parom Disum

f) Totemism

g) Myth

h) Bhagat Movement

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