IGNOU MPYE 004 Philosophy of Human Person Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 004 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU MPYE 004 Philosophy of Human Person Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU MPYE 004 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU MPYE 004 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.

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IGNOU MPYE 004 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field. IGNOU MPYE 004 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MPYE 004 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23

Q1. Explain and examine the idea of intellectual dynamism.

Intellectual dynamism is the concept of continuously developing and expanding one’s knowledge, skills, and abilities. It involves a willingness to challenge one’s own beliefs and assumptions and to seek out new perspectives and information. Intellectual dynamism is characterized by a growth mindset, a curiosity to learn, and a desire to improve oneself.

People who exhibit intellectual dynamism are constantly seeking out new experiences and opportunities to learn. They are open-minded and willing to consider different viewpoints and ideas. They are not afraid to take risks and try new things, and they are comfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. Intellectual dynamism is often associated with creativity and innovation, as people who are constantly learning and growing are more likely to come up with new ideas and solutions to problems.

One way to cultivate intellectual dynamism is through lifelong learning. This involves making a commitment to learning and growth throughout one’s life, regardless of age or stage of career. Lifelong learning can take many forms, including formal education, self-directed study, or learning through experience.

Another important aspect of intellectual dynamism is the ability to adapt to change. In today’s fast-paced and rapidly changing world, it is essential to be able to adapt to new situations and challenges. Intellectual dynamism helps people to develop the flexibility and resilience needed to thrive in a constantly evolving environment.

In conclusion, intellectual dynamism is an important concept that emphasizes the importance of continuous learning and growth. People who exhibit intellectual dynamism are more likely to be successful in their personal and professional lives, as they are able to adapt to change, think creatively, and approach challenges with an open mind.

Q2. Discuss the idea of self in Advaita Philosophy.

Advaita Vedanta is a non-dualistic school of Hindu philosophy that posits that there is only one ultimate reality, which is referred to as Brahman. According to Advaita, the true nature of the self is identical to Brahman, and the goal of spiritual practice is to realize this identity and attain liberation from the cycle of birth and death.

In Advaita, the self is not considered to be a separate individual entity, but rather an aspect of the universal consciousness or Brahman. The self is often referred to as Atman, which is the individualized expression of Brahman in each person. Advaita holds that the true nature of Atman is pure consciousness, which is unchanging and eternal.

However, due to the influence of ignorance or avidya, the individual self identifies with the body, mind, and senses, and experiences the illusion of separateness from others and the world. This identification with the ego or false self leads to suffering and the cycle of rebirth.

The goal of Advaita philosophy is to overcome this identification with the false self and realize the true nature of the self as identical to Brahman. This can be achieved through the practice of self-inquiry (Atma-vichara), meditation, and study of sacred texts such as the Upanishads.

Advaita teaches that the realization of the true nature of the self leads to liberation (Moksha) from the cycle of birth and death, and the attainment of supreme bliss and peace. In this sense, Advaita philosophy emphasizes the unity of all beings and the ultimate oneness of the universe.

Q3. Give answer of any two questions in about 250 words each.

a) Write a note on Aristotle’s idea of Soul.

Aristotle’s concept of the soul is complex and multifaceted. According to him, the soul is the essential nature of a living being, which animates and directs its physical body. Aristotle believed that the soul is composed of three distinct parts, each with its own functions and capabilities.

The first part of the soul is the vegetative soul, which is responsible for the basic life functions of nutrition, growth, and reproduction. This aspect of the soul is found in all living things, from plants to animals, and is essential for their survival.

The second part of the soul is the animal soul, which is responsible for sensation, movement, and perception. This aspect of the soul is found only in animals, and allows them to interact with the world around them in a way that is not possible for plants.

The third and final part of the soul is the rational soul, which is unique to human beings. This aspect of the soul is responsible for reasoning, thought, and self-awareness. According to Aristotle, the rational soul is what sets humans apart from other animals and allows us to engage in philosophical inquiry and contemplation.

Aristotle also believed that the soul and body are intimately connected, and that the health of one depends on the health of the other. He saw the soul as the organizing principle of the body, and believed that it was responsible for maintaining its proper functioning.

Overall, Aristotle’s concept of the soul is a key part of his broader philosophy, and has had a significant influence on Western thought and culture.

b) Write a note on Anattaa (No-soul) theory of Buddhism.

Anatta, also known as the No-Soul theory, is a fundamental doctrine in Buddhism that challenges the concept of a permanent, unchanging self or soul. According to this belief, there is no eternal self or soul in living beings, including humans, that transcends death.

Buddhism’s Anatta doctrine stands in contrast to the Hindu and Jain belief systems, which uphold the concept of Atman, or the eternal soul. In Buddhism, the concept of self is viewed as an aggregate of constantly changing physical and mental factors or skandhas.

Buddhism teaches that the belief in a permanent self or soul is a source of suffering and confusion. The attachment to this false sense of self can lead to selfishness, greed, and other negative emotions that prevent individuals from achieving enlightenment.

By understanding that there is no permanent self or soul, Buddhists can come to accept the impermanence of all things and find inner peace. This understanding also helps them to cultivate compassion and empathy for others, as they recognize that all living beings share the same fundamental nature.

Overall, the Anatta doctrine of Buddhism emphasizes the interconnectedness of all living beings and the importance of letting go of the ego and the attachment to a false sense of self in order to attain true liberation from suffering.

c) How does Martin Buber differentiate between `I-Thou’ and ‘I-It’. Explain.

Martin Buber, a prominent Jewish philosopher, distinguishes between two types of relationships: the I-Thou and the I-It relationships.

In an I-Thou relationship, individuals engage with each other on a personal and subjective level, where both are recognized as unique individuals. The focus is on the present moment, and the relationship is characterized by mutual respect, empathy, and authenticity. In this relationship, individuals are fully present to each other and are engaged in a reciprocal dialogue that acknowledges and affirms the other’s existence.

On the other hand, in an I-It relationship, individuals do not engage with each other on a personal level but rather as objects or things to be used. The focus is on what can be gained from the interaction, and the relationship is instrumental. In this relationship, individuals do not acknowledge the unique existence of the other but only view them as a means to an end.

Buber argues that modern society tends to prioritize I-It relationships over I-Thou relationships, which can lead to alienation and a sense of disconnectedness. He emphasizes the importance of fostering more I-Thou relationships in our lives, where we recognize and honor the humanity and uniqueness of each person.

d) Elaborate Skinner’s idea of planned society.

B.F. Skinner, an American psychologist and behaviorist, proposed the idea of a “planned society” in his book “Walden Two,” published in 1948. In this book, Skinner presents a utopian vision of a society that is based on the principles of behaviorism.

Skinner’s idea of a planned society is based on the premise that human behavior can be controlled and manipulated by external factors, such as environmental stimuli and rewards. In his vision of a planned society, Skinner proposed the use of positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviors and negative reinforcement to discourage undesirable behaviors.

Skinner believed that by creating a society that is structured around these principles, it would be possible to eliminate many of the social problems that exist in the world today, such as crime, poverty, and inequality. He envisioned a society in which people would be encouraged to work hard, to be creative, and to contribute to the common good.

Skinner’s idea of a planned society also involved the use of technology to automate many of the tasks that are currently performed by humans. He believed that by doing so, it would be possible to free people from the drudgery of repetitive work and allow them to focus on more meaningful pursuits.

Critics of Skinner’s idea of a planned society have argued that it is overly simplistic and ignores the complexity of human behavior. They also point out that the use of external rewards to control behavior can be coercive and may not lead to genuine motivation or satisfaction.

In conclusion, Skinner’s idea of a planned society is based on the principles of behaviorism and involves the use of positive and negative reinforcement to control and manipulate human behavior. While his vision of a utopian society has been criticized, his ideas continue to influence the fields of psychology and social science.

Q4. Give answer of any four questions in about 150 words each.

a) Do you agree with the claim that philosophy is anthropology? Give you arguments.

b) Write a note on the idea of Absurdity.

c) Explain ‘Being-towards-death’ in Heidegger’s Philosophy

d) “Animal identity is preserved in identity of life, and not of substance.” Discuss.

e) Differentiate between ‘freedom from’ and ‘freedom for’.

f) Write a note on Marcel’s idea of availability.

Q5. Write short notes on any five in about 100 words each.

a) Dasein

b) Soul in Nyaya Philosophy

c) Somatic Death

d) Plato’s idea of Soul

e) Sartre’s notion of death

f) Cartesian Dualism

g) Idea of Anxiety in Heidegger’s Philosophy

h) Direct Judgment as a movement

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