IGNOU BRL 15 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23, IGNOU BRL 15 IT APPLICATION IN RETAIL Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 If you are interested in pursuing a course in radio production and direction, IGNOU BRL 15 can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will take a closer look at what IGNOU BRL 15 is all about and what you can expect to learn from this course.
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IGNOU BRL 15 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23 is a course offered by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) under the School of Journalism and New Media Studies. As the name suggests, it is a course on “Production and Direction for Radio.” The course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of radio production and direction and covers various topics related to this field. IGNOU BRL 15 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23
- 1 IGNOU BRL 15 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23
- 1.1 Q1. What is e-retailing? Explain the components of e-retailing.
- 1.2 Q2. List the steps for Advanced Customer Analytics.
- 1.3 Q3. What is information technology? What are its applications?
- 1.4 a) Location Hierarchy and Time Hierarchy
- 1.5 b) Interior display and window display
- 1.6 c) Magnetic stripe readers and Fingerprint readers
- 1.7 d) Information System (IS) and Database Management System (DBMS)
- 1.8 a) Impact of IT on retail business
- 1.9 b) POS Station Security Methods
- 1.10 c) Retail reporting
IGNOU BRL 15 Free Solved Assignment 2022-23
(A) Short Type Questions
Q1. What is e-retailing? Explain the components of e-retailing.
E-retailing, also known as e-commerce, is the process of buying and selling goods and services over the internet. It is a type of retailing that uses digital channels to reach and transact with customers. E-retailing involves a variety of activities, including marketing, sales, payment processing, and delivery of products.
The components of e-retailing include:
- Website: A website is the online storefront for an e-retailer. It is the platform where customers can browse products, make purchases, and interact with the retailer. The website should be easy to navigate, visually appealing, and user-friendly.
- Product catalog: The product catalog is a list of items available for purchase on the e-retailer’s website. It should be organized and easy to search. The product information should be accurate, including details such as product descriptions, pricing, and availability.
- Shopping cart: The shopping cart is the software that allows customers to add items to their online shopping cart and proceed to checkout. The shopping cart should be easy to use, secure, and reliable.
- Payment processing: Payment processing is the system that allows customers to pay for their purchases online. It should be secure, reliable, and support a variety of payment methods such as credit cards, debit cards, and digital wallets.
- Order fulfillment: Order fulfillment includes the process of packing, shipping, and delivering products to customers. E-retailers can handle this in-house or outsource it to a third-party logistics provider.
- Customer service: Customer service is an important component of e-retailing. E-retailers should provide excellent customer service to ensure customer satisfaction, including offering easy returns and exchanges, responding to customer inquiries, and providing support.
- Marketing: E-retailers must also engage in marketing activities to drive traffic to their website and increase sales. This can include tactics such as search engine optimization, social media advertising, email marketing, and influencer marketing.
Q2. List the steps for Advanced Customer Analytics.
Advanced Customer Analytics involves using various statistical and machine learning techniques to extract insights from customer data to understand customer behavior and preferences, and to optimize business strategies accordingly. Here are the steps involved in Advanced Customer Analytics:
- Data collection: Collecting data from various sources such as CRM, social media, customer feedback, surveys, website interactions, etc.
- Data cleaning and preparation: Cleaning and preparing the data for analysis, including removing duplicates, missing values, and outliers, and transforming the data into a format that can be easily analyzed.
- Exploratory data analysis: Conducting exploratory data analysis to gain an initial understanding of the data and identify patterns and trends.
- Customer segmentation: Segmenting customers based on demographic, geographic, psychographic, and behavioral factors to identify groups with similar characteristics and needs.
- Predictive modeling: Building predictive models such as regression, decision trees, and clustering to predict customer behavior, preferences, and lifetime value.
- Customer lifetime value analysis: Calculating the lifetime value of customers to identify the most valuable customers and develop strategies to retain them.
- Churn analysis: Analyzing customer churn to understand the reasons behind customer churn and develop strategies to reduce it.
- Personalization: Using customer analytics insights to personalize marketing messages, product recommendations, and customer experiences to increase customer engagement and loyalty.
- Performance tracking: Tracking the performance of customer analytics initiatives over time to ensure they are delivering the desired results.
- Continuous improvement: Continuously refining customer analytics models and strategies based on feedback and insights to improve the effectiveness of customer analytics initiatives.
Q3. What is information technology? What are its applications?
Information technology (IT) refers to the use of computers, software, and communication networks to process, store, retrieve, and transmit data and information. It encompasses a wide range of technologies and practices, including hardware, software, networking, and database management.
IT has numerous applications in various fields, including:
- Business: IT is used to manage business operations, such as accounting, inventory management, and customer relationship management.
- Education: IT is used to support teaching and learning, including e-learning platforms, educational software, and online resources.
- Healthcare: IT is used to manage patient records, medical billing, and clinical research.
- Entertainment: IT is used to create, produce, and distribute movies, music, and video games.
- Communication: IT is used to facilitate communication through email, instant messaging, video conferencing, and social media.
- Transportation: IT is used to manage transportation systems, including traffic management, logistics, and fleet management.
- Security: IT is used to protect sensitive information and prevent unauthorized access to computer systems.
- Science and research: IT is used to analyze and process large amounts of data in scientific research, including data from telescopes, satellites, and other instruments.
These are just a few examples of the many applications of IT in various fields. The use of IT is rapidly growing and evolving, and it plays an increasingly important role in our daily lives.
Q4. Distinguish between the following:
a) Location Hierarchy and Time Hierarchy
Location Hierarchy refers to the arrangement of geographical areas into a hierarchical structure based on their size, population, and administrative boundaries. This hierarchy typically starts with the smallest unit, such as a village or town, and then progresses up to higher levels such as cities, states, and countries. The location hierarchy helps in organizing and managing various administrative functions, such as governance, taxation, and provision of services.
Time Hierarchy, on the other hand, refers to the arrangement of time periods into a hierarchical structure based on their duration and granularity. This hierarchy typically starts with the smallest unit, such as seconds or minutes, and then progresses up to higher levels such as hours, days, weeks, months, and years. The time hierarchy is essential for organizing and managing various temporal functions, such as scheduling, planning, and analysis of time-series data.
Both the location and time hierarchies are crucial for various applications, such as transportation planning, supply chain management, and data analysis. Understanding these hierarchies is important for effective management and decision-making.
b) Interior display and window display
Interior display and window display are two different types of visual merchandising techniques used by retailers to showcase their products and create a desirable shopping environment.
Interior display refers to the visual presentation of products inside a store, including fixtures, signage, and lighting. It aims to showcase products in an attractive and engaging way that will encourage customers to browse and make purchases. Interior displays can include product groupings, themed displays, and interactive displays that allow customers to engage with the products.
Window display, on the other hand, refers to the visual presentation of products in the store’s windows, designed to attract the attention of passersby and entice them to enter the store. Window displays are typically changed frequently to keep the store’s appearance fresh and appealing. They can also be used to promote sales, new products, or seasonal items.
Both interior and window displays are important components of a store’s overall visual merchandising strategy. They can help to create a distinct brand identity, communicate product information, and provide customers with an enjoyable shopping experience.
c) Magnetic stripe readers and Fingerprint readers
Magnetic stripe readers and fingerprint readers are two different types of technologies used for identification and authentication purposes.
A magnetic stripe reader is a device that can read the information encoded in the magnetic stripe on the back of credit and debit cards, identification cards, and other similar cards. The magnetic stripe on the card contains information such as the cardholder’s name, account number, and expiration date. When the card is swiped through the magnetic stripe reader, the information is read by the reader and sent to a computer system for verification.
On the other hand, a fingerprint reader is a device that captures an image of a person’s fingerprint and uses biometric technology to identify or authenticate the individual. Fingerprint readers are commonly used for security purposes, such as unlocking smartphones, accessing secure areas in a building, or authorizing financial transactions.
Both magnetic stripe readers and fingerprint readers are widely used in various industries and applications. Magnetic stripe readers are commonly used in retail stores, banks, and other businesses that accept credit and debit card payments. Fingerprint readers are used in a range of settings, including law enforcement, healthcare, and finance, to ensure secure access and authentication.
d) Information System (IS) and Database Management System (DBMS)
An Information System (IS) is a system that manages information and provides data to support decision-making, coordination, and control in an organization. It can be defined as a combination of people, processes, and technology that are used to collect, store, process, and distribute data to support the decision-making and management activities of an organization.
A Database Management System (DBMS) is a software system that manages and organizes data in a database. It provides a set of tools and techniques to store, retrieve, update, and manage data efficiently. A DBMS is designed to work with large volumes of data and can handle multiple users accessing the same data simultaneously.
In other words, an IS is a broader concept that includes all the components of a system, including hardware, software, people, and processes, whereas a DBMS is a software system that specifically manages the data within an IS. An IS may use one or more DBMSs to manage data.
Q5. Write short notes on the following:
a) Impact of IT on retail business
The impact of IT on retail business has been significant and far-reaching. Information technology has revolutionized the way retailers operate, from inventory management to customer service to marketing. Here are some of the ways IT has impacted retail:
- Online Sales: The rise of the internet and e-commerce has enabled retailers to reach customers beyond their physical store locations. This has allowed retailers to expand their customer base and increase their revenue.
- Inventory Management: IT has made it easier for retailers to manage their inventory. With advanced software, retailers can track their inventory levels in real-time, reducing the risk of stockouts and overstocking.
- Customer Data: IT has allowed retailers to gather more information about their customers, including their preferences and buying habits. This information can be used to tailor marketing campaigns and improve customer service.
- Marketing: With the rise of social media and other digital channels, retailers can reach customers in new and innovative ways. IT has enabled retailers to use targeted advertising and personalized promotions to reach customers.
- Point-of-Sale Systems: IT has made it easier for retailers to process transactions and manage their cash flow. With modern point-of-sale systems, retailers can accept a variety of payment methods and track sales data in real-time.
- Supply Chain Management: IT has enabled retailers to manage their supply chains more efficiently. With advanced software and analytics, retailers can track their inventory and shipments in real-time, reducing the risk of delays or disruptions.
Overall, IT has had a profound impact on the retail industry. It has enabled retailers to reach new customers, improve their operations, and provide better customer service. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more changes in the retail industry in the years to come.
b) POS Station Security Methods
Point of Sale (POS) station security is essential to protect sensitive data such as credit card information, customer data, and transaction details. Here are some of the methods used to ensure POS station security:
- Strong Passwords: POS stations should have strong passwords that are difficult to guess. Passwords should be changed regularly, and employees should be trained on how to create strong passwords.
- Encryption: POS stations should use encryption to protect sensitive data. Data should be encrypted both in transit and at rest to prevent unauthorized access.
- Two-Factor Authentication: Two-factor authentication is an additional layer of security that requires two forms of identification to access a system. This can include a password and a biometric identifier such as a fingerprint or facial recognition.
- Firewall: A firewall is a network security system that monitors and controls incoming and outgoing network traffic based on predetermined security rules. It helps prevent unauthorized access to the POS station and the network it is connected to.
- Anti-Malware Software: Anti-malware software helps prevent malware infections on the POS station. It should be updated regularly to ensure it is effective against the latest threats.
- Regular Updates: POS station software should be updated regularly to ensure that security patches and bug fixes are applied. These updates should be tested before they are rolled out to ensure they do not cause any issues.
- Physical Security: Physical security measures such as locks, alarms, and security cameras can help prevent unauthorized access to the POS station.
- Employee Training: Employees who have access to the POS station should be trained on how to identify and prevent security threats. This includes training on how to identify phishing emails and how to avoid accidentally downloading malware.
By implementing these methods, businesses can ensure that their POS stations are secure and protected against security threats.
c) Retail reporting
Retail reporting involves the analysis and presentation of data related to retail operations. This can include sales data, inventory levels, customer behavior, and other key performance indicators (KPIs) that are used to evaluate the success of a retail business.
Retail reporting can be used to identify trends and patterns in sales data, track the performance of individual products or categories, monitor inventory levels to ensure adequate stock, and evaluate the effectiveness of marketing and promotional campaigns.
Some common types of retail reports include sales reports, inventory reports, customer behavior reports, and financial reports. These reports can be generated using a variety of tools, including point-of-sale (POS) systems, enterprise resource planning (ERP) software, and customer relationship management (CRM) systems.
Effective retail reporting is critical for making informed decisions and optimizing the performance of a retail business. By analyzing and interpreting data, retailers can identify areas of opportunity for growth and make strategic decisions to improve operations and increase profitability.
d) Features of the Retail Loyalty Programme
A retail loyalty program is a marketing strategy used by retailers to encourage customers to return to their store and make repeat purchases. Here are some common features of retail loyalty programs:
- Rewards points: Customers earn points for every purchase they make, which can be redeemed for discounts, free merchandise, or other rewards.
- Tiered membership: Loyalty programs often offer tiered membership levels, with higher tiers providing more rewards and benefits.
- Personalized offers: Retailers use data analytics to personalize offers and promotions based on customers’ shopping behaviors and preferences.
- Special events and perks: Members may receive exclusive invitations to special events or sales, as well as additional perks such as free shipping or gift wrapping.
- Mobile app integration: Many loyalty programs have mobile apps that allow customers to track their rewards, receive personalized offers, and make purchases.
- Partner programs: Some loyalty programs offer partnerships with other retailers or service providers, allowing customers to earn rewards from multiple sources.
- Referral programs: Loyalty programs may offer incentives for customers to refer friends and family to the retailer, thereby increasing the customer base and loyalty program membership.
Overall, the goal of a retail loyalty program is to foster long-term customer relationships and encourage repeat business, while also providing customers with added value and rewards for their loyalty.
6. Briefly comment on the following:
a) “Retail is about detail and accurate details help in taking the right decisions”.
b) “The POS system can provide standard and customized reports to the retailer”.
c) “Networks and telecommunications are the important components of information
e) “Retailers are racing to become better at slicing and dicing reams of data they collect from multiple channels”.
7. Discuss the benefits and considerations of implementing a CRM system.
(B) Essay Type Questions
8. State the various transactions to be performed under the goods dispatchpicking function through MMS.
9. What do you understand by campaign management? Discuss the process of implementing campaign management.
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