Social case work is the method of social work which focuses both on the person and his/her environment and helps to improve the balance between the person’s coping efforts and the environmental demands. It is a method in which help is provided by social case worker to the individuals to cope more effectively with their problems in social functioning. Sometimes due to certain factors internal or external, individuals are not able to solve their problems or fail to avail existing resources, in such a situation social case worker by using various methods, techniques and skills of social case work practice tries to help the client in solving his/her psycho-social problems.
Social case work is a professional intervention method that helps individuals, families, and communities to cope with and resolve problems in their lives. The process typically involves the following phases:
- Initial contact and assessment: This phase involves establishing a relationship with the client, gathering information about their needs, and assessing their situation.
- Problem identification and goal setting: In this phase, the case worker works with the client to identify the problem(s) they are facing and set goals for what they hope to achieve through the case work process.
- Planning: In this phase, the case worker develops a plan for how to address the client’s needs and help them reach their goals.
- Implementation: This phase involves implementing the plan, which may include providing direct services, making referrals, and advocating on the client’s behalf.
- Evaluation and termination: In this phase, the case worker assesses the effectiveness of the intervention and determines when to end the case work relationship.
Explain the different phases of social case work process It’s important to note that the process is not linear and may involve revisiting earlier phases as needed, and that the specific steps and techniques used may vary depending on the specific context and needs of the client.