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MPYE 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22
i) Give answer of all five questions.
ii) All five questions carry equal marks.
iii) The answer of questions no. 1 and 2 should be in about 500 words.
1. a) What is naturalized epistemology? Write some implications of Naturalized Epistemology.
b) How one can grasp the meaning of a sentence according to Mimamsa Philosophy? 10+10= 20
Naturalism in epistemology, as elsewhere, features a long history. But it’s only relatively recently that it’s gone just that name and received such a lot focused attention. As in other areas of philosophy, questions concerning naturalism’s merits are central to recent epistemological debate. While many epistemological theories and positions are agreed by all to exemplify, or to run counter to, naturalistic epistemology (NE), it’s difficult to characterize precisely, since “naturalism” is employed to ask a variety of positions, commitments, and so on. NE, then, is more a movement or general approach to epistemological theorizing than it’s some substantive thesis (/theses). broadly , however, proponents of NE take the attitude that there should be an in depth connection between philosophical investigation—here, of such things as knowledge, justification, rationality, etc.—and empirical (“natural”) science. Beyond that, and as detailed below, proponents of NE diverge in how they imagine that close connection, exactly—whether and to what extent they advocate use of empirical methods, or insist upon the relevance of the results of certain areas of empirical study, or invoke certain recognized “natural” properties, relations, and so on, in their accounts of certain central epistemic phenomena. So too, proponents of NE differ during which science(s) they fancy be relevant to epistemological theory—whether it’s psychology and/or science , ethology, cultural studies, evolutionary theory, social theory, or another area of empirical investigation.
NE also can be understood as an effort to redress the perceived shortcomings of what’s typically termed “traditional epistemology” (TE). Here too, different naturalists are motivated by different concerns. TE is variously seen as unduly and unprofitably concerned with skeptical worries; as an excessive amount of the merchandise of “armchair” (perhaps a priori, and perhaps ultimately idiosyncratic) theorizing; as too geared towards the study of “our concepts” of varied states and properties and not concerned enough with the epistemological phenomena themselves; as operating without attention to the conditions during which knowledge (for example) is really produced and/or shared, the bounds , contours and history of actual human cognition, and so on.
Given that the differences amongst naturalistic theories make it difficult to offer a particular characterization of NE, it’s not surprising that the division between NE and TE is itself something of an idealization. Of course, even as there are clear instances where a theory belongs on one or the opposite side of this divide, there are some real differences between NE and TE broadly understood. Nonetheless, many specific epistemological theories incorporate elements of every , then any neat bifurcation of extant epistemologies into NE and TE is sure to sacrifice accuracy for precision.
The discussion to follow describes a number of the dominant claims, commitments, and forms that naturalistic epistemology, so understood, has taken, and specific samples of such naturalistic views. As well, both the principal motivations for and therefore the major objections to NE are going to be discussed. Finally (and, in some cases, along the way), we’ll briefly consider the relation between NE and a few other recent and important subjects, positions, and developments—some of them even as controversial as NE itself. These include externalism, experimental philosophy, social epistemology, feminist epistemology, evolutionary epistemology, and debates about the character of (epistemic) rationality.
2. Write an essay on knowledge as justified true belief. Do you think that this definition of knowledge is justified? Give arguments to support your answer. 20
a) Compare Abhihitanvayavada and Anvitabhidhanavada. 10+10= 20
b) What are the conditions required to be a meaningful sentence? Explain with examples.
When you say, “I know x’, what do you want to say in saying this? Compare between Idealist and Realist outlook on the concept of knowledge. 20
3. Give answer of any two questions in about 250 words each. 2*10= 20
a) Write an essay on the relation between metaphysics and epistemology. 10
b) What is language game? Explain the shift from picture theory to language game theory.10
c) Write a note on the Gadamer and Paul Ricoeur’s idea of hermeneutics. 10
d) Compare ideal language theory of Bertrand Russell with ordinary language theory of G.
E. Moore. 10
4. Give answer of any four questions in about 150 words each. 4*5= 20
a) What is the relation between concept and proposition? 5
b) Compare akhyativada and anyathakhyativada. 5
c) Discuss Pragmatic theory of truth. 5
d) Critically evaluate the coherence theory of truth. 5
e) What do you understand with ‘the capacity of the text’? 5
f) Write a short note on the distinction between ‘first order assertion’ and ‘second order assertion’ in Performative theory of truth. 5
5. Write short notes on any five in about 100 words each. 5*4= 20
a) Pravrittisamarthya 4
b) Svata Pramanyavada 4
c) Arthakriyakaritva 4
d) Confirmational Holism 4
e) Theory-Ladenness of observation 4
f) Vyanjana 4
g) Upamana 4
h) Apohavada 4
IGNOU MPYE 003 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (MAPY) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (MAPY) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MPYE 003 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrollment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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