Citizenship Political Theory UGC NET
The concept of citizenship consists of three main elements or dimensions (Cohen 1999; Kymlicka and Norman 2000; Carens 2000). the primary is citizenship as status , defined by civil, political and social rights. Here, the citizen is that the legal person liberal to act consistent with the law and having the proper to say the law’s protection. It needn’t mean that the citizen takes part within the law’s formulation, nor does it require that rights be uniform between citizens. The second considers citizens specifically as political agents, actively participating during a society’s political institutions. The third refers to citizenship as membership during a political community that furnishes a definite source of identity.
In some ways , the identity dimension is that the least straightforward of the three. Authors tend to incorporate under this heading many various things associated with identity, both individual and collective, and social integration.
Citizenship Political Theory UGC NET
UGC NET Eligibility Criteria 2020
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UGC NET Educational Qualification Requirements 2020
Candidates securing a minimum of 55% marks in their Master’s Degree or equivalent from recognized universities in Humanities (including languages), science , computing and Applications, Electronic Science, etc. are eligible for this test.
Normative democratic theory deals with the moral foundations of democracy and democratic institutions. it’s distinct from descriptive and explanatory democratic theory. It doesn’t offer within the first instance a scientific study of these societies that are called democratic. It aims to supply an account of when and why democracy is morally desirable also as moral principles for guiding the planning of democratic institutions. Of course, normative democratic theory is inherently interdisciplinary and must turn the results of politics , sociology and economics so as to offer this type of concrete guidance.
This brief outline of normative democratic theory focuses attention on four distinct issues in recent work. First, it outlines some different approaches to the question of why democracy is morally desirable in the least . Second, it explores the question of what it’s reasonable to expect from citizens in large democratic societies. This issue is central to the evaluation of normative democratic theories as we’ll see. an outsized body of opinion has it that the majority classical normative democratic theory is incompatible with what we will reasonably expect from citizens. It also discusses blueprints of democratic institutions for handling issues that arise from a conception of citizenship. Third, it surveys different accounts of the right characterization of equality within the processes of representation. These last two parts display the interdisciplinary nature of normative democratic theory. Fourth, it discusses the difficulty of whether and when democratic institutions have authority and it discusses different conceptions of the bounds of democratic authority.