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Programme: BAG/2020/2021
Course Code: BEGC 131
Max. Marks: 100

Answer all the questions in this assignment.


1 Read the following passage and answer the questions below.
Trees are vital for life on earth. They give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilise the soil and give life to the world’s wildlife. They also provide us with the materials for tools and shelter.Not only are trees essential for life, but as the longest living species on earth, they give us a link between the past, present and future. It is critical that woodlands, rainforests and trees in urban settings, such as parks, are preserved and sustainably managed across the world. The canopies of trees act as a physical filter, trapping dust and absorbing pollutants from the air. Each individual tree removes up to 1.7 kilos of pollutants every year. They also provide shade from solar radiation and reduce noise. Trees absorb carbon dioxide as they grow and the carbon that they store in their wood helps slow the rate of global warming.
They reduce wind speeds and cool the air as they lose moisture and reflect heat upwards from their leaves. It is estimated that trees can reduce the temperature in
a city by up to 7°C. Trees also help prevent flooding and soil erosion, absorbing thousands of litres of stormwater. Trees host complex microhabitats. When young, they offer habitation and food to large communities of birds, insects, lichen and fungi. When ancient, their trunks also provide the hollow cover needed by species such as bats, woodboring beetles, owls and woodpeckers. One mature tree can be home to as many as 500 different species.
Research shows that within minutes of being surrounded by trees and green space, your blood pressure drops, your heart rate slows and your stress levels come
down. Soon, for the first time in history, the number of people living in cities will outstrip those living in the countryside. Parks and trees will become an even more vital component of urban life. We must respect them and protect them for the future.
1. Give four reasons why woodlands, rainforests and trees should be sustainably managed across the world. (2)
2. How do trees reduce pollution? (2)
3. This passage states that trees “host complex microhabitats.” Explain this statement. (2)
4. How do trees slow the rate of global warming? (2)
5. Give this passage a suitable title. (2)
6. Use the following words in sentences of your own:
a. Sustainable
b. estimated
c. habitat
d. component
e. vital


Section B

2. Match the words in Column A with their meanings in Column B.

Column A                       Column B
1. Remedial                    Something that breaks easily
2. Recuperative              Pertaining to the study of population
3. Fragile                        Avoid
4. Flamboyant                That which cannot be overcome
5. Biodiversity                A trip on a ship or boat taken for pleasure
6. Apparel                      Wide variety of plant and animal species
7. Cruise                        Clothes
8. Demographic             Helping someone to get better after an illness
9. Insurmountable         Correcting something that has been done wrong
10. Shirk                         Loud and flashy

3. Complete the following sentences with the correct article.
1. Sanskrit is ____ ancient language.
2. Copper is ___ useful metal.
3. Varanasi is ______ holy city.
4. Which is _______ longest river in India?
5. He went out without taking ____ umbrella. 5×1=5
4. Complete the following sentences with the correct prepositions:
1. The boy is afraid — the dog.
2. The bus departs ____ 5 pm today.
3. William Shakespeare was born ____ England.
4. Only graduates are eligible ____ the post.
5. My sister excels ___ dancing.
6. There is no exception __ this rule.
7. I am tired ___ walking.
8. This a matter ____ national importance.
9. My mother is fond ____ classical music.
10. The teacher was not satisfied ____ the student’s explanation. 10×1 = 10
5. Rewrite the following sentences as directed:
1. The earth ______ (move) round the sun. (Complete with the correct form of the word in brackets)
2. If I were the health minister, I _____ (spend) more money on building hospitals. (Complete with the correct form of the word in brackets)
3. We should try our best to preserve the traditions ___ (hand) down to us by our ancestors. (Complete with the correct form of the word in brackets)
4. The artist drew a beautiful portrait of the dancer. (change into passive voice)
5. Hamlet was written by Shakespeare. (change into active voice). 5×1= 5


Section C

6. You have been asked to speak to a youth group on the topic:
‘Maintaining a healthy lifestyle during lockdown’. Write out the speech in around 250 words. 20
7. Write an essay (around 250 words) on the topic:
Conserving water: what individuals and societies can do. 20
8. You would like your friend to join you on a trip to a historical monument in your locality. Write out a dialogue (in around 200 words) between your friend and you where you try to convince him / her to join you.

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