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IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-23
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Important Note – IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.
Submission Date :
- 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
- 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).
Answer the following questions in about 500 words each:
i) What are the four stages of the reading process? Describe them with suitable examples.
Stages of Reading
The process of reading divides into three stages. The 3 stages combined form is known as stages of reading. Besides, reading influences how much an individual remember and understand the text. The three stages of reading are pre-reading, through reading and post-reading.
In the pre-reading stage, a person prepares herself or himself for the things that they are going to read. In addition, according to research previewing the text can increase the reader’s involvement with the text. These are:
Setup a purpose- Decide a written or mental goal for your reading. Moreover, this purpose will help you to locate the specific information or idea that you need to summarize the text.
Make Predictions- Use the title or sub-heading to generate an idea about the book or text. Also, try to figure out how the writer will try to communicate the topic. Besides, prediction makes you curious about what the topic is.
Build Knowledge- In this first of all think about the topic and then acquaint you with the content. Also, make yourself familiar with the language, format, topic, issue, and ideas that it will cover. In addition, in what way the language and organization of the text are used for specific purposes. Besides, the purpose of writing can be describing, informing, persuading, interacting, finding out, entertaining, recording, and regulating.
Scan the Vocabulary- Quickly look over the text for new words and then try to find their meaning from the context.
Skimming- It is a process in which a person just do a surface level reading and pay attention to the visuals, sub-headings, and format to govern if the text gives the information it needs or not.
Scanning- It simply means that do a quick reading o the text and look for keywords, ideas, phrases, visuals, subheadings, and format.
It means to look for clues in the text to obtain the author’s meaning and purpose for strengthening the skills of the reader.
The order of reading- The order of the text should be according to the order that we mention below. Also, it helps you to get the universal meaning before you go through the whole text in details. Besides, sometimes it happens that people after going through this order does not feel to read the whole text. Moreover, the order is:
- Heading or title
- Head Paragraph
- Final Paragraph
- The first sentence of every paragraph
- Entire text
Joining different elements of the text- Pay attention to what the writer/author is saying and how she/he expresses it. Also, what is the clear and secret meaning in the text? Try to figure out the sense of the author in relation to the topic.
Guess- When you get stuck on a word then try to read the whole text and guess its meaning accordingly. This will help you to learn new ways to use a word.
Silent reading- It is the quality of good readers that they read silently. Besides, reading aloud slows you down. Also, it forces you to listen to the sounds of words rather than their meaning.
Getting answers- Look for the answer to the question that you asked in the pre-reading stage. Moreover, it helps you to determine to predict the text.
In this simply go to the pre-reading stages and try to fill the gaps that you make according to your assumption. In addition, prepare a detailed sketch of what you have learned and compare it with prediction.
Evaluate- This help in carrying out how effective the writing as if the writer was successful at its an accomplishment or not.
Map- Create a visual presentation of the text and the different ideas in it with the main idea in the center.
Discuss- Analyze the language, content, and pattern of the text.
Initial prediction- Check whether your initial prediction was right or not.
Pre-reading question- Try to answer your entire pre-reading question.
ii) What are audio-visual aids? Discuss the criteria you would consider in selecting and/or preparing audio-visual aids for children.
Before going into the types of audio-visual aids available to the planner, we must both define and limit our use of the basic term itself.
Audio-visual is, of course, a combination of two words: audio referring to that which we can hear, and visual referring to that which we can see. The basic frame of reference here limits our application of the term to a speaker and his audience, although they are not necessarily in the physical presence of one another, as in the case of a motion picture or television presentation.
The term “aids,” used in reference to the speaker, rules out his physical presence (visual) and unrecorded voice (audio). These are the essential elements which make him a speaker, and therefore cannot aid him (his voice cannot aid his voice).
Further, the uncontrollable physical surroundings are not audio-visual aids in themselves, although they can have a definite audio or visual effect and should therefore be considered, if possible, when preparing a presentation. These include such things as distracting street noises (a hindrance) or a soundproofed room (an aid); or a beautiful mural behind the speaker (a distraction), purple and orange walls (a hindrance), or a paneled, modern meeting room with indirect lighting (an aid).
Handouts, especially maps, charts or tables, make good visual aids. The audience, particularly a large one, can get a finer appreciation of details which cannot be enlarged in a suitable manner. However, the audience is left in a position to continue studying such material, both before and after the speaker refers to it, and thus he cannot “control” its use.
We are left, then, with audio-visual aids which the speaker can control, and which are suitable for use with audiences of widely varying sizes.
The term “audio-visual aids” is commonly misapplied. The aids themselves must be something either audible or visual, or both. The common types of audible aids are the spoken word, recognizable sound effects, and music. The most frequently used visual aids are people, pictures, cartoons, graphics, maps, the printed word, and three-dimensional models. When we talk about a motion picture projector or a blackboard, we are talking about the means of presenting the aids, and not the aids themselves.
Audio-visual materials can be divided into those which present the aids in their original form, and those which reproduce the original form.
In the following paragraphs, we will briefly define the most common means of display which make sights and sounds useable in the speaker-audience situation outlined above. They will be discussed in further detail in later chapters.
Visual Aid Display Equipment
Animation. Movement may be given to different types of visual aids. The materials necessary to do so fall in this section, but since they are usually improvised they cannot be specifically defined. Examples are given later in this report.
Blackboard. Black, green or other colored slate or composition board, or a specially painted surface which will “take” erasable white or colored chalk.
Bulletin Board. Flat board of cork, composition or other wood or material to which visual aids may be attached with pins, tacks or staples.
Easel or A-frame. Any type of frame which will hold flat-surfaced visual aids of any given size; characterized by the artist’s easel, which is similar in structure to the letter “A,” with a third leg used as a brace.
Feltboard. Any stiff, flat board covered with wool, felt or flannel. A variety of visual aids, usually cutouts of objects or strips of cardboard lettered with key words, with sandpaper or other abrasive backing, will adhere to the board. The same effect can be achieved by backing the visual aids with two-sided cellophane or masking tape, and covering the board with a piece of acetate; or by using strips of Velcro.
iii) Describe causes of reading errors in children. How would you help children in learning to avoid reading errors? Discuss with examples.
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IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-23
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IGNOU Instructions for the ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-23
IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.
- Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
- Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
- Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
- Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
- Write the relevant question number with each answer.
- You should write in your own handwriting.
GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignments 2022-23
IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-23 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
- Planning: Read the questions carefully. IGNOU ES 201 Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
- Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
- Presentation: IGNOU ES 201 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.
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ES 201 Handwritten Assignment 2022-23
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