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IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , BECE 214 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free : BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 , IGNOU BECE 214 Assignment 2022-23, BECE 214 Assignment 2022-23 , BECE 214 Assignment , BECE 214 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- BACHELOR OF ARTS Assignment 2022-23 Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for BACHELOR OF ARTS Programme for the year 2022-23. IGNOU BDP stands for Bachelor’s Degree Program. Courses such as B.A., B.Com, and B.Sc comes under the BDP category. IGNOU BDP courses give students the freedom to choose any subject according to their preference.  Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. Study of Political Science is very important for every person because it is interrelated with the society and the molar values in today culture and society. IGNOU solved assignment 2022-23 ignou dece solved assignment 2022-23, ignou ma sociology assignment 2022-23 meg 10 solved assignment 2022-23 ts 6 solved assignment 2022-23 , meg solved assignment 2022-23 .

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IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-23

We provide handwritten PDF and Hardcopy to our IGNOU and other university students. There are several types of handwritten assignment we provide all Over India. BECE 214 AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free We are genuinely work in this field for so many time. You can get your assignment done – 8130208920

Important Note – IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-2023  Download Free You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

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Submission Date :

  • 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
  • 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).

Answer all the questions

Section II


Long answer questions (word limit – 500 words). Each question carries 20 marks.
2 × 20 = 40

1. (a) Explain the different types of cropping pattern? 

The major cropping pattern types include the following:

  • Monocropping: Growing one agricultural species at a time in agricultural land is the meaning of monocropping. Monocropping can reduce the fertility of the soil and destroy the structure of the soil. Chemical fertilizers are required to upgrade production. This practice allows the spread of pests and diseases. Monocropping and monoculture convey the same meaning.
  • Mixed Cropping: When two or more crops are grown on an equivalent land simultaneously, it’s referred to as mixed cropping. For example, growing wheat and gram on an equivalent land at an equivalent time is mixed cropping. The practice of this method helps to minimize the risk of the failure of one of the crops and provides insurance against the crop failure due to abnormal weather conditions. The crops that are grown together should have a different maturation time and different water requirements.
  • Intercropping: Intercropping is the practice of growing quite one crop on an equivalent field at an equivalent time during a definite row pattern. After one row of the most crop, three rows of intercrops are often grown. This increases productivity per unit area.
  • Crop Rotation: In this pattern, different crops are grown on an equivalent land in pre-planned succession. The crops are classified based on the time they are rotated one-year rotation, two-year rotation, and three-year rotation, depending upon their duration. Legumes are included within the crop rotation program to extend soil fertility. The crops which require a high fertility level are often grown after the legumes. The crops which require low inputs are often grown after the crops that need high inputs.

(b) Why do cropping pattern differ across regions? Discuss the reasons for the same.

Cropping pattern means the proportion of area under various crops at a point of time. The crop statistics published by the governments are used to denote the cropping patterns. Cropping pattern is, however, a dynamic concept as it changes over space and time.

The cropping patterns of a region are closely influenced by the geo-climatic, socio-cultural, economic, historical and political factors. The physical environment (physiographic, climate, soils and water) imposes limits on the growth and dis­tribution of plants and animals.

The role of man in the cultivation of certain crops in a region is also quite important. Man, by his techno­logical advancement, can ameliorate the physical limits.

The cultiva­tion of rice in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan (Ganganagar) testifies this fact. Nevertheless, in different parts of the world, the physical environment reduces the choice of crops, either by prohibiting the growth of certain plants or by reducing their yield per unit area.

Depending on the terrain, topography, slope, temperature, amount and reliability of rainfall, soils and availability of water for irrigation, the cropping patterns vary from region to region.

The per­ception and assessment of environment also guide to grow certain crops in a region. Those areas of the world where physical diversities are less, the cropping patterns are less diversified. For example, in the rainfall deficient areas of Rajasthan (India), the farmers grow bajra (bulrush millet), while in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam rice is the dominant crop.

Similarly, cotton is grown in the regur (black earth) soil of Maharashtra and Gujarat, while the loamy soils of west­ern Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab are ideally suited for wheat, rice and sugarcane crops.

Moreover, the land tenancy, ownership of land, size of holdings and size of fields also impose restrictions on the cropping patterns of a region. In the areas of small holdings, the farmers tend to be subsistent despite innovation diffusion. Contrary to this, the farmers with large holdings have more risk bearing capac­ity and they have relatively high degree of commercialization.

The cropping patterns of a region or areal unit may be deter­mined on the basis of areal strength of individual crops. The first, second and third ranking crops of an areal unit may be called as the dominant crops of that unit. These crops, if occupying more or less the same percentage of the total cropped area, shall be competing for area with each other and the farmer will decide which crop may fetch him more profit in a given year under the prevailing rainfall and de­mand, supply and commodity price condition.

In general, for the de­termination of cropping patterns of a region, the minor crops (crops occupying insignificant proportion of the total cropped area) are eliminated.

Apart from the proportion of area under a particular crop, its relative yield also guides the suitability of that crop in a given geo-climatic and cultural setting.

(c) Which are the factors influencing the cropping pattern? Elaborate.

Physical Factors

  • Soil: The type of crop that would be grown using a particular type of soil is determined by the components of soil and climatic influence of a region
  • Climate: In the dry regions where the rainfall is scanty and where there is high uncertainty of monsoons, the dependence is on jowar and bajra. Water logging areas cultivate rice.
  •   Cropping pattern also depend upon irrigation facilities. Where ever water is available, not only can a different crop be grown but even double or triple cropping will be possible.

Economic Factors

  • Economic motivation is the most important in determining the cropping pattern of the country. Among the various economic factors affecting crop pattern, the following are important:
  • Price and Income Maximization: Price variations exert an important influence on acreage shifts. The variation in the inter-crop prices led to shifts in acreage as between the crops.
  • Farm Size: There is a relationship between the farm size and the cropping pattern. The small farmers are first interested in producing food grain for their requirements. Small holder therefore devotes relatively small acreage to cash crops than large holders.
  • Insurance against risk: The need to minimise the risk of crop failures not only explains diversification but also some specific features of crop patterns.
  • Availability of Inputs: Seeds, fertilizers, water storage, marketing, transport etc. also affect the cropping pattern.
  • Tenure: Under the crop sharing system, the landlord has a dominant voice in the choice of the cropping pattern and this helps in the adoption of income maximising crop adjustments.

Infrastructure facilities

  • Irrigation
  • transport
  • storage
  • trade and marketing
  •  post-harvest handling
  • processing etc

Government Policies

  • The legislative and administrative policies of the government may also affect the cropping pattern. Food Crops Acts, Land Use Acts, intensive schemes for paddy, for cotton and oilseeds, subsidies affect the cropping pattern.
  •  MSP – farmers shifting to wheat, rice
  • Green Revolution – skewed cropping pattern in Northern India towards wheat and rice from coarse cereals and pulses

Social factors

  • Food habits also play a role – East and South India prefers rice as staple food while it is wheat in North India.

2. Explain the policy measures initiated for the promotion of rural industries in India over the period 1951-1991.  


Section II


Medium answer questions (word limit – 250 words). Each question carries 12 marks.
4 × 12 = 48

3. Why is ‘protecting and expanding the forest area important from the point of view of maintaining a healthy ecological balance’? Explain.

4. Discuss the major issues of water resource management in India.

5. How is productivity of Indian agricultural sector measured? Discuss the issue in terms of land labour and capital productivities.

6. Write a note on the efforts made to improve the performance of agricultural sector in India through the various Five-year plans.


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IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-23

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Section III


Short answer questions (word limit – 100 words). Each question carries 6 marks. 2 × 6 = 12

7. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Institutional and Technological factors for low productivity in agricultural sector in India.
(b) Panchayati Raj Institutions in India


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IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free  Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

  1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
  2. Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  4. Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
  5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.
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IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-23 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. IGNOU BECE 214 Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
  2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
  3. Presentation: IGNOU BECE 214 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

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