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IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF , MSWE 003 Disaster Management Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free : MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , IGNOU MSWE 003 Assignment 2022-23, MSWE 003 Assignment 2022-23 , MSWE 003 Assignment , MSWE 003 Disaster Management Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Assignment 2022-23 Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Programme for the year 2022-23. MSW course or Master of Social Work is a post-graduation course majoring in the field of social work. MSW course is imparted with a two-year duration, which is typically divided into four semesters. Aspirants can pursue MSW courses after completing a Bachelor degree in the relevant field. A career in social work is all about giving and helping others in need. From various NGOs (non-government organizations) across the nation to social development, a Master of Social Work (MSW) course provides comprehensive knowledge about the work put into the development of humanity and social welfare. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. IGNOU solved assignment 2022-23 ignou dece solved assignment 2022-23 ignou ma sociology assignment 2022-23 meg 10 solved assignment 2022-23 ts 6 solved assignment 2022-23 , meg solved assignment 2022-23 .

IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23

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Important Note – IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF. You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

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Submission Date :

  • 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
  • 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).

Answer all the five questions.

All questions carry equal marks.

Answers to question no. 1 and 2 should not exceed 600 words each.

 


 

Q.1. List the major natural hazards affecting your region and describe in what way these hazards can affect your city/region/country?

OR

Discuss the various reactions and issues among the children affected with disaster?

Natural hazards are severe and extreme weather and climate events. Although they occur in all parts of the world, some regions are more vulnerable to certain hazards than others. Natural hazards become disasters when people’s lives and livelihoods are destroyed.

The global expected average annual loss in the built environment associated with tropical cyclones (wind and storm surge), earthquakes, tsunamis and floods is now estimated at US$314 billion. This risk presents a real challenge to the global agenda of sustainable development. (…) In absolute terms, global average annual loss is concentrated in large, higher-income, hazard-exposed economies. However, in relation to annual capital investment or social expenditure, many low and middle-income countries, and in particular small island developing states (SIDS), have the highest concentrations of risk. – UNISDR: Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015

Human and material losses caused by such disasters are a major obstacle to sustainable development. By issuing accurate forecasts and warnings in a form that is readily understood and by educating people on how to prepare against such hazards, before they become disasters, lives and property can be protected. Emphasis is on disaster risk reduction: one dollar invested in disaster preparedness can prevent seven dollars’ worth of disaster-related economic losses – a considerable return on investment.As signatories to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, WMO Members have undertaken to prevent new and reduce existing disaster risk through the implementation of  a range of integrated and inclusive measures that prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and thus strengthen resilience. To support the assessment of global progress in achieving the outcomes and goals of the Sendai Framework, seven global targets have been agreed, most of which have direct implications for WMO and its Members.WMO Disaster Risk Reduction activities are integrated and coordinated with other international, regional and national organizations. WMO coordinates the efforts of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to mitigate human and property losses through improved forecast services and early warnings, as well as risk assessments, and to raise public awareness.Natural hazards occur across different time and area scales and each is in some way unique. Tornadoes and flash floods are short-lived, violent events, affecting a relatively small area. Others, such as droughts, develop slowly, but can affect most of a continent and entire countries for months or even years. An extreme weather event can involve multiple hazards at the same time or in quick succession. In addition to high winds and heavy rain, a tropical storm can result in flooding and mudslides. In temperate latitudes, severe thunderstorms can be accompanied by a combination of large, damaging hail stones, tornadoes, strong winds or heavy rain resulting in flash floods. Winter storms with high winds and heavy snow or freezing rain can also contribute to avalanches on some mountain slopes and to high runoff or flooding later on in the melt season.Some National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and specialized centres have responsibility for investigating geophysical hazards including volcanic explosions (airborne ash) and tsunamis, and hazardous airborne matter (radionuclides, biological and chemical substances) and acute urban pollution.

Pollutants include particulate matter and noxious gases from industry, vehicles and human activities. Smoke and haze result from forest or grass fires or from slash-and-burn forest or crop clearing or ash from volcanic explosions in stable air conditions. Smoke, haze and pollution have serious implications for human health—the local population may have to wear gas masks. They reduce visibility and air and road traffic can be disrupted. Smog, acid rain, the ozone hole and an adverse increase in the greenhouse effect are also caused by air pollution. Stable atmospheric conditions often lead to a concentration of pollutants in urban and industrial areas where there are significant emissions.

A tropical cyclone is a rapid rotating storm originating over tropical oceans. It is typically around 200 to 500 km in diameter, but can reach 1000 km. A tropical cyclone brings very violent winds, torrential rain, high waves and, in some cases, very destructive storm surges and coastal flooding.

The primary cause of any drought is below average rainfall. Drought is different from other hazards in that it develops slowly, sometimes over years, and its onset can be masked by a number of factors. Drought can be devastating: water supplies dry up, crops fail to grow, animals die and malnutrition and ill health become widespread.

Desert locusts inflict damage in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and southern Europe. When weather and ecological conditions favour breeding, the insects are forced into a small area. They stop acting as individuals and start acting as a group. Within a few months, huge swarms form and fly with the wind in search of food. Swarms can be dozens of kilometres long and travel up to 200 km a day. A small part of an average swarm (or about one tonne of locusts) eats the same amount of food in one day as 10 elephants or 25 camels or 2 500 people. They jeopardize the lives of millions of farmers and herders in already fragile environments. Locust plagues during or immediately after drought conditions can spell even greater disaster, as was the case in several Sahelian countries in 2005.The World Agrometeorological Information Service (WAMIS), a WMO-sponsored website, has a Locust Weather page dedicated to weather-related information for desert locust monitoring and control.

 

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2.Describe the components of community-based disaster management?

OR

What role does a school play in the community-based disaster psychosocial care model? Explain with appropriate examples.

INTRODUCTION
The government alone cannot and will not be able to manage and handle all types of disasters with its machinery without active participation by the people of any country, according to a common theory given by policy makers, experts, and professionals. Failures of topdown effective disaster management approach to reduce risks from of disasters land evidence to this notion. As a consequence, numerous scholars and stakeholders feel that it is high time to adopt a new strategy that will involve vulnerable people directly in planning and implementation of mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery measures. This is because communities are the best judges of their own vulnerability and are capable of making the best decisions regarding their well-being. This philosophy involves local level people, leaders and community to provide necessary services and logistics to the victims during and after the disaster. Such a strategy has been encouraged both in the developed and the developing countries and launched on CommunityBased Disaster Management (CBDM) strategy.

OVERVIEW OF COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Community-Based Disaster Management (CBDM) initiates a process involving sequential stages that can be operationalized to reduce disaster risk. Processes of CBDM are guided by principles of subsidiarity, economies of scale, equity, heterogeneity, and public accountability. The different stages in CBDM are disaster/vulnerability risk assessment, risk reduction planning, early warning systems, post-disaster relief, and participatory monitoring and evaluation. CBDM by its very nature demands a decentralized bottoms-up approach with intensive, micro interventions at the local Panchayats, ward or village level with the intention of generating confidence, awareness,knowledge, partnership, and ownership for planning and rolling out local disaster management plans encompassing all levels of disaster management continuum.

Equity and inclusion of marginalized segments of the society and bringing the vulnerable groups to the center stage of planning and implementation of the CBDM have to be prioritized to make the programme participatory and inclusive. Disasters affect the entire community. However, persons with disability, women and children, underprivileged, older persons, and pregnant women need special attention at the programme implementation level. Such rights and human dignity based inclusive ethos created by such programmes will empower communities and display resilience in times of crisis.

Capacity building and training of community volunteers is the mainstay of community-based disaster management since they are the first responders. Considering a large number of stakeholders and community representatives that need to be sensitized and trained, it is important that capacity building and training interventions be meticulously planned for the purpose of CBDM. CBDM should converge with existing mainstream, institutional mechanisms, and social welfare delivery programmes to make it holistic, costeffective, multi-dimensional and community-centric. The 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments recognize Panchayati Raj institutions as “institutions of self and government”. They were put in place to decentralize and devolve financial and administrative powers through a tiered structure from the district downwards right up to the Gram Sabha level. In the case of urban selfgovernment, devolutionhas to be brought up to the ward level. The paradigm of CBDM is entirely in keeping with this constitutional recognition of the importance of decentralization and devolution of powers and extends it to the arena of disaster management. These local bodies can be effective instruments in tackling disasters through a variety of mechanisms such as: hazard, vulnerability and capacity assessments, disaster management planning, early warning system, relief distribution, providing shelter to the victims, medical assistance, etc. The elected representatives of these local bodies are the key stakeholders through whom effective participation and ownership by local communities can be achieved in CBDM.

WHAT IS COMMUNITY BASED DISASTER PREPAREDNESS?
Preparedness to face disasters is required at all levels right from the household to the State Government to minimize the impact of disasters. The Government cannot reach out immediately to each and every household/village at the time of disaster. The community is the first responder of any disaster and develops some traditional coping mechanisms to reduce their vulnerabilities. Such communities living in a common territory comprise of women, men, elders, students, teachers and children. There can be recognized as RWAs, resettlement colonies, BPL houses, villages, wards, slums, juggle etc. where people of different social and economic background live together. These people are also responsible for their peace, prosperity, and protection. The involvement of the community is the key factor in any disaster preparedness. The participation of the community is vital to sustain the activities of rebuilding the shattered community life. CommunityBased Disaster Preparedness is:

– A response mechanism to save life, livelihood, livestock, and assets with available resources within the community, which should

– Lead to multi-pronged development interventions to address the root cause of vulnerability, and to a selfreliant disaster-proof community.

In order to generate preparedness and response within the people, Community Based Disaster Preparedness Plans (CBDP) has to be developed in all the vulnerable areas of Gujarat. A CBDP is a list of activities a community decides to follow to prevent loss of life, livelihoods, and property in case of a disaster. It also identifies well in advance, actions to be taken by individuals in the community so that each one is aware of his/ her responsibilities when an emergency warning is received. The plans involve training to the community to make them aware of disaster preparedness and make them responsible to protect themselves during and post disasters


3. Answer any two of the following questions in about 300 words each:
a) Explain the various tools for risk assessment.
b) Discuss the psycho social issues of disaster affected vulnerable people.
c) Describe the direct and indirect losses in the health sector .
d) Explain the role of social worker in disaster management.


4. Answer any four of the following in about 150 words each:
a) Explain the different causes for drought.
b) List down Do’s and Don’ts for man-made disaster emergencies.
c) What is the difference between a forecast and warning?
d) Why are women considered to be more vulnerable to disasters?
e) What are the primary ICS functions?
f) What are the important features of a disaster recovery plan?


5. Write short notes on any five of the following in about 100 words each:
a) Do’s & don’ts in disaster psycho-social care
b) Concept of Disaster Management Cycle
c) Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
d) Risk mapping
e) Mitigation
f) Tsunami
g) Earthquakes
h) Hazard


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IGNOU Instructions for the MSWE 003 Disaster Management Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

  1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
  2. Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  4. Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
  5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.
  6. You should write in your own handwriting.



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IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. IGNOU MSWE 003 Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
  2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
  3. Presentation: IGNOU MSWE 003 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

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