IGNOU MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , MSW 004 Social Work and Social Development Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free : MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , IGNOU MSW 004 Assignment 2022-23, MSW 004 Assignment 2022-23 , MSW 004 Assignment , MSW 004 Social Work and Social Development Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Assignment 2022-23 Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MASTER DEGREE IN SOCIAL WORK Programme for the year 2022-23. MSW course or Master of Social Work is a post-graduation course majoring in the field of social work. MSW course is imparted with a two-year duration, which is typically divided into four semesters. Aspirants can pursue MSW courses after completing a Bachelor degree in the relevant field. A career in social work is all about giving and helping others in need. From various NGOs (non-government organizations) across the nation to social development, a Master of Social Work (MSW) course provides comprehensive knowledge about the work put into the development of humanity and social welfare. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself. IGNOU solved assignment 2022-23 ignou dece solved assignment 2022-23 ignou ma sociology assignment 2022-23 meg 10 solved assignment 2022-23 ts 6 solved assignment 2022-23 , meg solved assignment 2022-23 .
IGNOU MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23
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Important Note – IGNOU MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23. You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.
Submission Date :
- 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
- 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).
Answer all the five questions.
All questions carry equal marks.
Answers to question no. 1 and 2 should not exceed 600 words each.
Q.1. Define sustainable development. Discuss the impact of globalization on sustainable development.
Critically analyze the legislation to control trafficking of women and children.
Globalisation and its effects, which have traditionally been seen as an economic phenomenon associated with the development of the global market, have started to influence all aspects of community life, from culture to crime, and from finance to religion. This has entailed new problems and challenges for society.
These challenges are implicit in the various political, institutional, cultural and economic options, which this report suggests employing in order to counter the negative effects of globalisation. One such idea, of a more human approach to change and organisation, is embodied in the concept of sustainable human development. Together with “solidarity economy” and other new patterns of consumption and production, it could offer a genuine freedom of choice which would help democratise the economy, based on citizen commitment to greater social responsibility, cohesion and justice.
The report also examines the new emerging forms of political participation and world governance, which would engender greater involvement of citizens in decision-making and enable human communities to manage their interdependence and their integration into the global society in a peaceful and sustainable manner.
The rapporteur underlines that the restructuring of the global economy to make it socially, economically and ecologically sustainable presents the greatest investment opportunity in human history.
I. Draft resolution
1. Globalisation and its effects have caused anxiety worldwide about the direction that society is taking. Traditionally seen as an economic phenomenon linked with the appearance, development and consolidation of the global market, it has become connected with areas previously regarded as bearing little relevance to economic development.
2. Today globalisation may be said to be covering the expansion, deepening and acceleration at planetary level of the reciprocal connections between all aspects of community life, from culture to crime, and from finance to religion. The world is turning into a single social space, shaped by complex economic and technological forces.
3. New problems and challenges for society have emerged. Events occurring, decisions taken and measures introduced in one part of the world can have profound effects on the lives of individuals or communities in another. The impact of these changes is so immeasurable that governments and individuals can do little to contest or resist them.
4. Globalisation is characterised by four major trends: increased flows of commodities and persons, expansion and diversification of financial activities; development of communication, networks, knowledge and relationships; and increasing disparities.
5. The Assembly is concerned about the growing disparities between developed and other societies, and within societies themselves, leading to a high degree of economic stratification between rich and poor, at regional, national and global levels. Unfortunately, this difference is not shrinking, it is growing.
6. The Assembly regrets that the reaction and opposition to globalisation are sometimes manifest in violent outbursts causing considerable human and material damage.
7. The Assembly is convinced that the world order should not be based on business management dominated by purely financial considerations, where living organisms can be patented and pollution rights bought and sold, and where human relations are based primarily on the principle of free trade. The world needs an alternative definition of wealth and how it should be measured, it needs sustainable human development to take pre-eminence.
8. The concept of sustainable development was first given prominence at the Rio “Earth Summit” of 1992, following which the notion of sustainable development rapidly gained wide currency and encouraged a greater awareness of the major environmental problems and international disparities. It marked a decisive stage by recognising the existence of challenges and problems that were common to the entire planet and all of humankind, and by seeking to identify cases where joint responsibility could be established. It thereby considerably widened the scope of global problems to include such matters as the environment, health, trade and poverty. It also highlighted the links between globalisation, planet-wide risks and shared responsibilities that created a need for concerted action by the international community.
9. However, in recent years two opposing but equally restrictive tendencies have emerged in the understanding of the concept of sustainable development: for some, it has become the subject of an excessively economic bias, being often used as a justification for faster growth on the grounds that this will help to reduce poverty and achieve ecological sustainability, all the same serving the purpose of promoting the opening up of markets, financial deregulation, privatisation of natural resources and biopiracy. For others, sustainable development has undergone a form of ecological over-simplification in which the concept is restricted to environmental sustainability.
10. These trends always need to be counter-balanced by a form of sustainable development that focuses on human beings, and is both more comprehensive and more radical.
11. Sustainable human development may be defined as the capacity of all human communities, including the most deprived, to meet their fundamental needs – for accommodation, drinking water, food, satisfactory health and hygiene, participation in decision-making, social cohesion, a social fabric, cultural and spiritual expression, etc. This entails the adaptation of technologies and lifestyles to the social, economic and environmental potential of each region, internalising costs and establishing systems that are compatible with the biosphere.
12. Such an approach makes sustainable human development a multifaceted process. It seeks a balance between the ecological, economic and social spheres, while also taking account of political (participation and democratisation), ethical (responsibility, solidarity, social justice and sufficiency) and cultural (local diversity and artistic expression) considerations.
13. Sustainable human development also calls for a fundamental re-evaluation of our basic principles and lifestyles, and of the way our societies function, particularly regarding production and consumption. This implies significant changes to attitudes and behaviour, in which an awareness of living in a common space, individual responsibility for actions, learning to see long-term perspectives and partnership between players in different regions of the world, including governments, international institutions, business and the civil society, will take precedence over material factors.
14. The Assembly believes that the recent expansion of “solidarity economy” offers an instructive illustration of a new development model and a new form of economic activity. It includes all aspects of production, distribution and consumption that help to democratise the economy, based on citizen commitment to a greater social responsibility, cohesion and justice.
15. The Assembly notes the increasing role of dual delegation (to those who have expert knowledge and to representatives) and the professionalisation of politics through it. Participatory democracy requires further “proximity” responsibility and a wider involvement of the population in decision-making. This could be promoted through appropriate bodies, set up in some countries, such as the citizens’ juries, citizens’ forums or “consensus conferences”.
16. The Assembly recognises that, in order to cope with the challenges of globalisation, a global governance is needed which would be capable of perceiving the complexity and interdependence of the issues to be addressed and seek to resolve them through a comprehensive approach involving all the players concerned. It should involve the array of representation systems, institutions, procedures, social bodies and information systems which would enable human communities to manage their different forms of interdependence and their integration into the biosphere in a peaceful and sustainable manner.
17. The Assembly deems it essential that environment should lie at the heart of the debate on the renewal of world governance. Multilateral agreements today have had little impact and are very disparate, each one covering a specific area. Environmental issues should automatically be addressed from a global perspective and solutions be found involving a wide range of partners and countries. In this respect, the establishment of a single international environmental institution in charge of following up the implementation of international protocols and their coherence, an idea formulated but not maintained at the Johannesburg Summit, should be envisaged.
18. The Assembly is convinced that sustainable human development can lead to a form of social organisation that offers everyone genuine freedom of choice between alternative forms of consumption, work, saving and use of their time, each of which is compatible with their human and natural environments.
19. It also believes that the restructuring of the global economy to make it socially, ecologically and economically sustainable, presents the greatest investment opportunity in human history.
20. In the light of these elements, the Assembly recommends the member states to:
a. put human beings at the centre of all development policy;
b. implement socio-economic policies which are compatible with life and welfare, i.e. a system which gradually reduces the net perverse effects of subsidies and introduces taxation that reflects social and ecological values;
c. promote new patterns of consumption and production, as defined at the Johannesburg Summit, which would help democratise the economy, based on citizen commitment to greater social responsibility, cohesion and justice;
d. support international trade in such a way that it is consistent with the required changes and with consideration of the need to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor in the whole world;
e. ensure that environmental law is no longer subject to commercial law, as is often the case at present, particularly by setting up an arbitration procedure for disputes with both environmental and economic components; reassert the political will to implement environmental regulations, notably against economic interests;
f. support the proposition formulated at the Johannesburg summit as regards the setting up of a single international environment institution within the structures of the United Nations;
g. encourage new forms of participation in civil society by involving both citizens and non-citizens in the policy-making process, promoting dialogue at national and regional level and within communities themselves;
h. encourage the involvement of the opponents to globalisation in the policy-making process via peaceful means in an effort to counter the violence which some anti-globalisation protests have led to;
i. promote global governance that would enable human communities to manage their different forms of interdependence and their integration into the biosphere in a peaceful and sustainable manner.
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2. Analyze how Indian judicial system is organized and functions at different levels.
Describe the different streams of migration.
Indian Judiciary – Structure
India has a single integrated judicial system. The judiciary in India has a pyramidal structure with the Supreme Court (SC) at the top. High Courts are below the SC, and below them are the district and subordinate courts. The lower courts function under the direct superintendence of the higher courts.
Apart from the above structure, there are also two branches of the legal system, which are:
- Criminal Law: These deal with the committing of a crime by any citizen/entity. A criminal case starts when the local police file a crime report. The court finally decides on the matter.
- Civil Law: These deal with disputes over the violation of the Fundamental Rights of a citizen.
Supreme Court has three types of jurisdictions. They are original, appellate and advisory. The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court is mentioned in Articles 131, 133, 136 and 143 of the Constitution.
Functions of Indian Judiciary – What is the role of the Judiciary?
The functions of the judiciary in India are:
- Administration of justice: The chief function of the judiciary is to apply the law to specific cases or in settling disputes. When a dispute is brought before the courts it ‘determines the facts’ involved through evidence presented by the contestants. The law then proceeds to decide what law is applicable to the case and applies it. If someone is found guilty of violating the law in the course of the trial, the court will impose a penalty on the guilty person.
- Creation of judge-case law: In many cases, the judges are not able to, or find it difficult to select the appropriate law for application. In such cases, the judges decide what the appropriate law is on the basis of their wisdom and common sense. In doing so, judges have built up a great body of ‘judge-made law’ or ‘case law.’ As per the doctrine of ‘stare decisis’, the previous decisions of judges are generally regarded as binding on later judges in similar cases.
- Guardian of the Constitution: The highest court in India, the SC, acts as the guardian of the Constitution. The conflicts of jurisdiction between the central government and the state governments or between the legislature and the executive are decided by the court. Any law or executive order which violates any provision of the constitution is declared unconstitutional or null and void by the judiciary. This is called ‘judicial review.’ Judicial review has the merit of guaranteeing the fundamental rights of individuals and ensuring a balance between the union and the units in a federal state.
- Protector of Fundamental Rights: The judiciary ensures that people’s rights are not trampled upon by the State or any other agency. The superior courts enforce Fundamental Rights by issuing writs.
- Supervisory functions: The higher courts also perform the function of supervising the subordinate courts in India.
- Advisory functions: The SC in India performs an advisory function as well. It can give its advisory opinions on constitutional questions. This is done in the absence of disputes and when the executive so desires.
- Administrative functions: Some functions of the courts are non-judicial or administrative in nature. The courts may grant certain licenses, administer the estates (property) of deceased persons and appoint receivers. They register marriages, appoint guardians of minor children and lunatics.
- Special role in a federation: In a federal system like India’s, the judiciary also performs the important task of settling disputes between the centre and states. It also acts as an arbiter of disputes between states.
- Conducting judicial enquiries: Judges normally are called to head commissions that enquire into cases of errors or omissions on the part of public servants.
Indian Judiciary – Civil Courts
Civil courts deal with civil cases. Civil law is referred to in almost all cases other than criminal cases. Criminal law applies when a crime such as a robbery, murder, arson, etc. is perpetrated.
- Civil law is applied in disputes when one person sues another person or entity. Examples of civil cases include divorce, eviction, consumer problems, debt or bankruptcy, etc.
- Judges in civil courts and criminal courts have different powers. While a judge in a criminal court can punish the convicted person by sending him/her to jail, a judge in a civil court can make the guilty pay fines, etc.
District Judges sitting in District Courts and Magistrates of Second Class and Civil Judge (Junior Division) are at the bottom of the judicial hierarchy in India.
3)Answer any two of the following questions in about 300 words each:
a) Explain the constitutional provisions for protecting the rights of SCs and STs.
b) Discuss the salient features of rural and tribal communities.
c) Define PIL. Explain any two strengths and limitations of PIL.
d) Explain the provisions of rights of persons with disabilities.
4) Answer any four of the following questions in about 150 words each:
a) What are the basic linkages between social work and human rights.
b) Explain the role of social worker in providing assistance to vulnerable sections of the society.
c) What do you understand by industrial society?
d) Differentiate between growth and development.
e) Explain rural – urban continuum.
f) Highlight the functions of Bar Council of India.
5) Write short notes on any five of the following questions in about 100 words each:
a) Domestic Violence Act, 2005
b) Malthusian theory of growth
c) Fundamental duties
d) Universal declaration of human rights
e) Women and development
g) Welfare economics
h) Demographic transition theory.
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IGNOU MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.
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GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignments 2022-23
IGNOU MSW 004 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download PDF You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
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