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IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free

IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free : MPA 013 PUBLIC SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT Solved Assignment 2023 , MPA 13 Solved Assignment 2022-23, MPA 13 Assignment 2022-23 , MPA 13 Assignment, IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MPA Programme for the year 2022-23. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself.

IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free

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Submission Date :

  • 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
  • 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).

This assignment consists of Sections I and II. There are five questions in each section. You have to answer a total of five questions in about 500 words each. It is necessary to attempt at least two questions from each section. Each question carries 20 marks

SECTION – A

1) Examine the nature and scope of public systems management. 

Meaning of Public Administration:
Public administration is formed by two different terms, public and administration. The term public means government which is mainly focus on government activities and actions. Whereas the term administration is derived from a Latin word “Administer” which means to serve, too direct, to control, to care for or to look after people. Literally, the term “administration” means management of public or private affairs. Hence, simply public administration is known as the management of public affairs. It looks after the affairs of the people and provides services to them.
Here the main concern is public administration. Public Administration is the implementation of government policy and also an academic discipline that studies this implementation and prepares civil servants for working in the public service. As a “field of inquiry with a diverse scope” whose fundamental goal is to “advance management and policies so that government can function. Public administration is “centrally concerned with the organization of government policies and programs as well as the behavior of officials (usually non-elected) formally responsible for their conduct”. Many unelected public servants can be considered to be public administrators, including heads of city, county, regional, state and federal departments such as municipal budget directors, human resources (HR) administrators, city managers, census managers, state mental health directors, and cabinet secretaries. Public administrators are public servants working in public departments and agencies, at all levels of government.
Scope of Public Administration:
Public administration is an evolving applied social science. It is still in the process of evolution. Hence, the scope of public administration is not completely clear and realized. However, it is obvious that public administration is an activity done by the human beings for human beings living in the society. As in the case of its definition there is also argue over the scope of public administration between the traditional and modern views of the followers.
1. Traditional view:
The traditional writers restricted the scope of public administration to the executive branch of government only. In narrow sense public administration covers the primarily the organization, personnel, practices and procedures essential to effective performance of the civilian functions entrusted to the executive branch of the government.
2. Modern view: The modern writers have extended the scope of public administration to all the three branches
of government, according to them; public administration is the whole government in action. In a democracy all major administrative policies from the legislative in the form of laws and the legislature also exercise control over administration with the view to see that the policies are implemented as it intends. The judiciary has the power to restrain public administration from the unconstitutional, illegal and arbitrary acts. Therefore, all three branches of government are part of the study and practice of public administration. By the scope of public administration, we mean the major concern of public administration; as an activity and as a discipline. 
Nature of public administration:
There are two broad views regarding the nature of public administration. The integral view and the managerial view;
1. The Integral view
According to this view, administration is the sum of total activities- manual, clerical, technical, managerial etc, which are under taken to realize the objectives. This view believes that public administration comprises all types of operations undertaken by all persons ranging from the lowest to the highest in order to implement public policies. Supporter of this views are Woodrow Wilson, Marshal Dimock, John Piffnner, L.D. White etc.
2. Managerial View
According to this view, administration comprises the work of only those people who are engaged in performing managerial functions in an organization. If we take a managerial view, public administration focus principally on the planning, organizing, directing, controlling and coordination of governmental operations. Managerial view believes in getting the things done, not doing things. Luther Gulick, Henry Fayol, Robert Dhal, Herbert Simon etc support this
view.

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2) Describe few case studies to analyse the impact of ICT-enabled initiatives on public systems management.

INTRODUCTION
The twenty first century is regarded as information era. Information has the potential to influence every aspect of our lives at the individual as well as societal levels. In the present competitive environment, information is being treated as the most important resource. Information facilitates sharing, exchanging, retaining as well as properly managing the knowledge output. It is the lifeblood of public governance. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are being seen as having the potential to contribute towards sustainable growth in all countries. The major objectives of ICT are to bring efficiency, responsiveness, openness and participation in public governance. The focus of this Unit is to discuss the role of new technologies and their impact on public systems management.

ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY
Traditionally, some of the services have been provided by the government through establishing booths and counters, as well as channels such as the post office for payment of utility bills and others. Service delivery is a core component of any government’s obligation to citizens. Today citizens are demanding more efficient and responsive services from the government. In other words citizens now demand the same standards of service delivery from the government as from the private sector with significant emphasis on high quality services. As a result, governments around the world are becoming more and more pressured to reinvent themselves and produce innovative solutions in delivering public services. With the advent of ICT, there is now a greater need for governments to draw on these mechanisms to provide more efficient and responsive services to the public.

PROBLEMS IN APPLICATION OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES
New technologies, it should be clear by now, bring advantages like cost effectiveness in operations, new forms of market access, competitiveness of product of service, ability to adopt to change and introduce new products and services. Though there are several advantages of ICT, critics are questioning the relevance of increased emphasis of ICT-based development in a country like India where more than 50% population is illiterate. According to OECD Public Management Service Rreport(1988), ICT has not done much to promote democratic rules of frequency and quality of participation or enhance transparency of policy-making. The information resource is not available to or shared by all the stakeholders. The World Economic Forum Report 2002 stated that India has only 1.65 percent of total population accessing the internet and internet impact covers only 6 percent of population. This penetration is comparatively low as compared to countries in the Asian region. For example Hong kong has 56.5 percent, South Korea 54.3 percent, Taiwan 51.3 percent, and Singapore 51.2 percent. The disadvantaged sections of the society do not have access to ICT. The ICT precipitates disparities between the rich and the poor, the governors and the governed leading to a discriminatory ‘digital divide’. Digital divide basically refers to lack of
access of poor people and rural people to internet. To bridge this digital divide, steps would have to be taken to introduce delivery of services like tele-medicine, teleeducation, tele-marketing and e-commerce to the rural areas. Also, in many cases, the reluctance on the part of government functionaries or lack of will to share the information with citizens  beneficiaries defeats the aims of ICT. Some of the major problems of widening the application of ICT in India have been succinctly summarised by Dhameja and Medury (2004). 

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CONCLUSION
Modern societies are network societies. The concept of network is central to processes of globalisation. Among the many developments and challenges facing governments today, perhaps the most important is the challenge that arises from the increasing influence of ICT. The major objectives of ICT initiatives are to bring efficiency, responsiveness, openness and participation in governance. Various manifestations of ICT initiatives are revolutionising the governance process. They are playing an important role in public policy and public delivery systems to provide citizen-friendly administration. A developing society like India has been facing a number of problems in the field of application of ICT and the politico-administrative atmosphere is also not quite conducive to promotion of ICT initiatives. In India, the success of new technological initiatives would, to a great extent depends on when and how the
governments at different levels decide to address the requirements of the downtrodden and the marginalised sections of the population who constitute a large portion of India’s population. At the same time, it is being realised that the ICT revolution has become an imperative necessity for effective management of public systems.

3) Describe the various forms of governance.
4) Discuss the role of legislature in governance. 
5) Write a note on important approaches to budgeting.

SECTION-II

6) Describe the important schools of thought in strategic management.  
7) The life cycle of project management has different phases-Explain. 
8) Discuss important responsiveness mechanisms. 
9) Examine the changing perspectives of accountability. 
10) Analyse the models of change management.


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IGNOU Instructions for the MPA 13 SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free  Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

  1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
  2. Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  4. Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
  5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.
  6. You should write in your own handwriting.



GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignments 2022-23

MPA 13 Solved Assignment 2022-23 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. IGNOU MPA 013 Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
  2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
  3. Presentation: IGNOU MPA 013 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

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