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IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-23

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IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-2023

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Important Note – IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

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Submission Date :

  • 31st March 2033 (if enrolled in the July 2033 Session)
  • 30th Sept, 2033 (if enrolled in the January 2033 session).

Answer the following in about 500 words each in Section A. Each question carry 20 marks.

Answer the following questions in about 250 words each in Section B. Each question carry 10 marks.

Answer the following questions in about 100 words each in Section C. Each question carry 6 marks.

SECTION A


1. What is identity? Discuss the socio structural factors influencing identity development.

 

To determine which factors influence our identity formation, we must first define what an identity is. What do we mean when we say identity? According to the dictionary, identity is:·      The distinguishing character or personality of an individual.·      The relation established by psychological identification.·      The condition of being the same with something described or asserted.·      The sameness of essential or generic character in different instances.
These four definitions highlight different points of view. We may have created an identity within ourselves based on our psychological identification. However, distinguishing traits that inform our identity are equally subjective from others’ perspectives. We may identify as confident or trustworthy, while others may label us arrogant, meek or unreliable.How is our identity cultivated in our minds and the minds of others? Psychologists state that we must first discover our personal potential then choose a purpose for living. After we’ve identified how to use our potential, we must find opportunities to implement it in ways that fulfill our sense of purpose. As we age, we continue to develop our identity by reevaluating our potential and realigning our sense of purpose.
PERSONAL IDENTITY VS. SOCIAL IDENTITY — WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?As we discuss identity, we must consider two types of identity psychology — personal identity and social identity. Our personal identity, or self-identity, is the answer to one of the most important questions all humans ask about life: Who am I? Personal identity is our concept of how we think of ourselves. This involves factors that we can control — like our decisions or interests — and those we can’t — such as our families and race. Our personal identity is how we perceive ourselves, but our social identity is how others perceive us. People recognize us by our characteristics within our town, school, career or another community context. Society will identify each person from these characteristics, then place the individual in a collective group with others that share those characteristics. Some social identities might be defined by our marital, financial, occupational, religious or behavioral status.
Social Identity Theory by Henry Tajfel, 1979: This framework in social psychology shows how a part of person’s identity comes from a sense of who they are in a group membership
The concept of social identity was created as a means to consider the way one conceptualizes the self-based on the social groups to which one belongs. Formulated by social psychologist Henri Tajfel and John Turner in the 1970s, the social identity theory describes the conditions under which social identity becomes more important than one’s identity as an individual, thereby influencing intergroup behavior.
SOCIAL IDENTITY MAP

An individual’s personality is made up of a Social Identity. It is a sum of parts that define who we are based on our affiliation with social groups that define our identity. A basic Social Identity Map is constructed using a combination of three different levels:Core: Elemental traits, behaviors and attitudes that make us unique as an individual e.g. behaviors, values, beliefs etc.Chosen: Characteristics that we can choose to describe our status, traits and skills e.g. occupation, political affiliation, hobbies, place of residence etc.Given: Attributes or conditions that we have no control over e.g. age, gender, place of birth, physical characteristics etc.

HOW DO WE FORM AN IDENTITY?What factors influence identity formation? In a sense, every stimulus we experience consciously and subconsciously throughout our lives has an impact on the way we and society create and label our identities. Identity formation and evolution are impacted by a variety of internal and external factors like society, family, loved ones, ethnicity, race, culture, location, opportunities, media, interests, appearance, self-expression and life experiences. 1. SOCIETY

Does our identity begin its cultivation from the moment we’re born? Surprisingly not. Our identity is influenced long before we are even conceived. The fact is that our society — indiscriminate of the customs or cultures within it — has already begun shaping one’s identity through years of categorization and labeling based on traits and expected behaviors. Before we’re born, these pre-determined groups are already crafted so we can be sorted.Many of these broad traits are based on appearances such as gender and skin color. Others include ethnicities, religious, financial and social statuses. Even aging, a natural part of life for all men and women, incurs a pre-determined assumption. These pre-determined thoughts within our society can be helpful or harmful, particularly in instances in which one group is either celebrated or discriminated based on elements of their identity. Society can act as a positive and negative force on our identity. The concept of collectivism, in which we view ourselves in relation to others within our society, is just as important as individualism. Finding a group that shares aspects of our identity and either helps us accept or change how we identify ourselves helps us throughout our lives.2. FAMILY AND LOVED ONES

While all of our relationships with our society are influential, our families and loved ones have a significant impact on our identity formation. As they are the first we are exposed to, we consciously and subconsciously look to our parents, siblings and extended family members for the building blocks of our identity formation. Unsurprisingly, this influence is a two-way street — as we learn and develop our identity, our loved ones’ identities evolve because of our impact on their lives.Throughout our early developmental years, we may embody the title of son, daughter, brother or sister. How strongly we identify with these labels is influenced by variables like the size and type of family we belong to and the level of support or conflict that we receive from our family. In many cases, the level of support or conflict is influenced by factors in our parents’ lives that contribute to their identities, such as financial status or level of education. Aside from our familial relationships, our platonic and romantic relationships also change who we are. As our relationships become more serious, the valence and size of our concept of self changes as well. We can gain and lose traits — both positive and negative characteristics — that become hallmarks of our identities. These relationships can also positively and negatively influence important facets or our self-concept, such as causing us to lose interest in things that we enjoy or fall out of touch with our religious or cultural attachments. 3. ETHNICITY, RACE AND CULTURE

One of the most complex and multifaceted factors that influence identity formation is ethnicity, race and culture. These aspects of our lives are continually evolving, both in the way the members of each group define their group and how society chooses to define these groups. While we have no control over our race and ethnicity, we can decide to immerse or distance ourselves from the cultures, religions and customs that we’re born into.All of these factors influence our identities from the moment we’re born, especially when our families identify strongly with these associations. Along with creating a foundation for our system of beliefs, these factors also influence our behaviors and attitudes. Each cultural group may express their emotions, approach problems or conduct their lives in a way that is vastly different from another group.


2. Explain intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Describe ways to enhance both types of motivation.

Intrinsic motivation involves doing something because it’s personally rewarding to you. Extrinsic motivation involves doing something because you want to earn a reward or avoid punishment.

What Is Intrinsic Motivation?

When you’re intrinsically motivated, your behavior is motivated by your internal desire to do something for its own sake — for example, your personal enjoyment of an activity, or your desire to learn a skill because you’re eager to learn.

Examples of intrinsic motivation could include:

  • Reading a book because you enjoy the storytelling
  • Exercising because you want to relieve stress
  • Cleaning your home because it helps you feel organized

What Is Extrinsic Motivation?

When you’re extrinsically motivated, your behavior is motivated by an external factor pushing you to do something in hopes of earning a reward — or avoiding a less-than-positive outcome.

Examples of extrinsic motivation could include:

  • Reading a book to prepare for a test
  • Exercising to lose weight
  • Cleaning your home to prepare for visitors coming over

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation: What’s the Difference?

At first glance, it might seem like it’s better to be intrinsically motivated than extrinsically motivated. After all, doesn’t it sound like it would be ideal if you didn’t need anyone — or anything — motivating you to accomplish tasks?

But, alas, we don’t live in such a motivation-Utopia, and being extrinsically motivated doesn’t mean anything bad — extrinsic motivation is just the nature of being a human being sometimes.

If you have a job, and you have to complete a project, you’re probably extrinsically motivated — by your manager’s praise or a potential raise or commission — even if you enjoy the project while you’re doing it. If you’re in school, you’re extrinsically motivated to learn a foreign language because you’re being graded on it — even if you enjoy practicing and studying it.

So, intrinsic motivation is good, and extrinsic motivation is good. The key is to figure out why you — and your team — are motivated to do things, and encouraging both types of motivation.

When Intrinsic Motivation Is Best

Research has shown that praise can help increase intrinsic motivation. Positive feedback that is “sincere,” “promotes autonomy,” and “conveys attainable standards” was found to promote intrinsic motivation in children.

But on the other side of that coin, external rewards can decrease intrinsic motivation if they’re given too willy-nilly. When children received too much praise for completing minimal work or single tasks, their intrinsic motivation decreased.

The odds are, if you’re reading this blog post, you’re not a child — although children are welcome subscribers here on the HubSpot Marketing Blog. But the principles of this study are still sound for adults.

If you’re a people manager, be intentional with your praise and positive feedback. Make sure that it’s specific, empowering, and helps your direct reports understand your expectations and standards. But make sure you aren’t giving too much praise for work that’s less meaningful for your team, or they might lose intrinsic motivation.

If you’re an individual contributor, tell your manager when their feedback is motivating — give them positive feedback, too. By providing positive feedback to your manager when they give you praise that keeps you motivated, you, in turn, will extrinsically motivate them to keep managing you successfully. (Meta, huh?)

When Extrinsic Motivation Is Best

Extrinsic rewards don’t just involve bribery (although bribery can work). In some cases, people may never be internally motivated to complete a task, and extrinsic motivation can be used to get the job done.

In fact, extrinsic rewards can promote interest in a task or skill a person didn’t previously have any interest in. Rewards like praise, commissions, bonuses, or prizes and awards can also motivate people to learn new skills or provide tangible feedback beyond just verbal praise or admonishment.

But tread carefully with extrinsic rewards: Studies have shown that offering too many rewards for behaviors and activities that people are already intrinsically motivated to do can actually decrease that person’s intrinsic motivation — by way of the overjustification effect.

In these cases, offering rewards for activities the person already finds rewarding can make a personally enjoyable activity seem like work — which could kill their motivation to keep doing it.

If you’re a people manager, use extrinsic rewards sparingly to motivate your team to take on new responsibilities or achieve lofty goals. Bonuses, commissions, recognition prizes, and promotions can be an effective way to motivate or reward your team for learning new skills, taking on new challenges, or hitting a quarterly goal. But make sure you’re giving your team members the time and resources to explore skills and projects they’re already excited about independently — without making them a part of their regular responsibilities, which could demotivate them.


SECTION B 


3.Describe the steps and techniques in modifying dysfunctional attitudes.

4. Describe the types of mood disorders.

5. Explain the concept of emotional intelligence and its components.


SECTION C


6. Psychosomatic and Somato-psychological factors
7. Varieties of self
8. Motivational interviewing
9. Aspects of mindfulness
10. Key attributes of positive youth development


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IGNOU Instructions for the BPCG 175 PSYCHOLOGY FOR LIVING Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free  Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

  1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
  2. Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  4. Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
  5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.
  6. You should write in your own handwriting.



GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignments 2022-23

IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-23 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. IGNOU BPCG 175 Assignment 2022-23 Download Free Download PDF Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
  2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
  3. Presentation: IGNOU BPCG 175 Solved Assignment 2022-2023 Download Free Download PDF Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

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BPCG 175 Handwritten Assignment 2022-23

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