IGNOU BSOC 103 Solved Assignment 2022-23 Free PDF : BSOC 103 Solved Assignment 2022 , BSOC 103 Solved Assignment 2022-23, BSOC 103 Assignment 2022-23, BSOC 103 Assignment, IGNOU Assignments 2022-23- Gandhi National Open University had recently uploaded the assignments of the present session for MEG Programme for the year 2022-23. Students are recommended to download their Assignments from this webpage itself.
1. What is Liberal Feminism? Examine its approach.
Ans. Liberal feminism “works within the structure of mainstream society to integrate women into that structure.” Liberal feminism places great emphasis on the public world, especially laws, political institutions, education and working life, and considers the denial of equal legal and political rights as the main obstacle to equality. As such liberal feminists have worked to bring women into the political mainstream. Liberal feminism is inclusive and socially progressive, while broadly supporting existing institutions of power in liberal democratic societies, and is associated with centrism and reformism. Liberal feminism “tends to be adopted by ‘mainstream’ (i.e., middle-class) women who do not disagree with the current social structure;” Zhang and Rios found that liberal feminism with its focus on equality is viewed as the dominant and “default” form of feminism. Liberal feminism actively supports men’s involvement in feminism and both women and men have always been active participants in the movement; progressive men had an important role alongside women in the struggle for equal political rights since the movement was launched in the 19th century.
Historically, liberal feminism largely grew out of and was often associated with social liberalism; the modern liberal feminist tradition notably includes both social liberal and social democratic streams, as well as many often diverging schools of thought such as equality feminism, social feminism, care-ethical liberal feminism, equity feminism, difference feminism, conservative liberal feminism, and liberal socialist feminism. Some forms of modern liberal feminism have been described as neoliberal feminism or “boardroom feminism”. In many countries, particularly in the West but also in a number of secular states in the developing world, liberal feminism is associated with the concept of state feminism, and liberal feminism emphasizes constructive cooperation with the government and involvement in parliamentary and legislative processes to pursue reforms. Liberal feminism is also called “mainstream feminism”, “reformist feminism”, “egalitarian feminism”, or historically “bourgeois feminism” (or bourgeois-liberal feminism), among other names. As one of the “Big Three” schools of feminist thought, liberal feminism is often contrasted with socialist/Marxist feminism and radical feminism, but in contrast to them, liberal feminism seeks gradual social progress and equality on the basis of liberal democracy rather than a revolution or radical reordering of society. Liberal feminism and mainstream feminism are very broad terms, frequently taken to encompass all feminism that is not radical or revolutionary socialist/Marxist and that instead pursues equality through political, legal, and social reform within a liberal democratic framework. As such, liberal feminists may subscribe to a range of different feminist beliefs and political ideologies within the democratic spectrum from the centre-left to the centre-right.
Inherently pragmatic in orientation, liberal feminists have emphasized building far-reaching support for feminist causes among both women and men, and among the political centre, the government and legislatures. In the 21st century, liberal feminists have increasingly embraced an intersectional understanding of gender equality, and modern liberal feminists support LGBT rights as a core feminist issue. Liberal feminists typically support laws and regulations that promote gender equality and ban practices that are discriminatory towards women; mainstream liberal feminists, particularly those of a social democratic bent, often support social measures to reduce material inequality within a liberal democratic framework. While rooted in first-wave feminism and traditionally focused on political and legal reform, the broader liberal feminist tradition may include parts of subsequent waves of feminism, especially third-wave feminism and fourth-wave feminism. The sunflower and the color gold, taken to represent enlightenment, became widely used symbols of mainstream liberal feminism and women’s suffrage from the 1860s, originally in the United States and later also in parts of Europe.
2. Explain the interpretive approach of Max Weber.
3. Discuss the conflict theory of Dahrendorf.
4. Discuss George Herbert Mead’s view on symbolic interactionism.
5. Describe the key concepts used by Durkheim to understand religion.
6. What is mechanical solidarity?
7. What is alienation?
9. What is phenomenology?
10. What is structuralism?
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