IGNOU EHI 07 Solved Assignment 2022-23

IGNOU EHI 07 Solved Assignment 2022-23 , FREE EHI 07 MODERN EUROPE MID-18TH TO MID-20TH CENTURIES Solved Assignment 2022 , FREE EHI 07 MODERN EUROPE MID-18TH TO MID-20TH CENTURIES  Solved Assignment PDF , How to get EHI 07 Solved Assignment for Free, We are providing IGNOU EHI 07 MODERN EUROPE MID-18TH TO MID-20TH CENTURIES  Solved Assignment all over India , In this website students will get the all solutions related with their IGNOU Assignments , IGNOU Study Material , IGNOU Previous Years Papers and IGNOU Study Notes , EHI 07 Assignment 2022-23 PDF is for those candidate who want to submit their assignments on time.

EHI 07 Solved Assignment 2022-23

FREE IGNOU EHI 07 Solved Assignment 2022-23, students can directly done their assignments by simply take reference through our free ignou service.  EHI 07 Free solved assignment available here.

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IGNOU Guess Paper 2022


 Note: Attempt all questions. All questions carry equal marks.


Section 1: Answer each question in about 500 words.

  1. ‘French Revolution was the outcome of economic as well as social and political crisis in France.’ Explain.

Ans. 

The French Revolution had general causes common to all the revolutions of the West at the end of the 18th century and particular causes that explain why it was by far the most violent and the most universally significant of these revolutions. The first of the general causes was the social structure of the West. The feudal regime had been weakened step-by-step and had already disappeared in parts of Europe. The increasingly numerous and prosperous elite of wealthy commoners— merchants, manufacturers, and professionals, often called the bourgeoisie— aspired to political power in those countries where it did not already possess it.

The peasants, many of whom owned land, had attained an improved standard of living and education and wanted to get rid of the last vestiges of feudalism so as to acquire the full rights of landowners and to be free to increase their holdings. Furthermore, from about 1730, higher standards of living had reduced the mortality rate among adults considerably. This, together with other factors, had led to an increase in the population of Europe unprecedented for several centuries: it doubled between 1715 and 1800. For France, which with 26 million inhabitants in 1789 was the most populated country of Europe, the problem was most acute.

A larger population created a greater demand for food and consumer goods. The discovery of new gold mines in Brazil had led to a general rise in prices throughout the West from about 1730, indicating a prosperous economic situation. From about 1770, this trend slackened, and economic crises, provoking alarm and even revolt, became frequent. Arguments for social reform began to be advanced. The

philosophes—intellectuals whose writings inspired these arguments—were certainly influenced by 17th-century theorists such as René Descartes, Benedict de Spinoza and John Locke, but they came to very different conclusions about political, social, and economic matters. A revolution seemed necessary to apply the ideas of Montesquieu, Voltaire, or Jean-Jacques Rousseau. This Enlightenment was spread among the educated classes by the many “societies of thought” that were founded at that time: masonic lodges, agricultural societies, and reading rooms.

It is uncertain, however, whether revolution would have come without the added presence of a political crisis. Faced with the heavy expenditure that the wars of the 18th century entailed, the rulers of Europe sought to raise money by taxing the nobles and clergy, who in most countries had hitherto been exempt, To justify this, the rulers likewise invoked the arguments of advanced thinkers by adopting the role of “enlightened despots.” This provoked reaction throughout Europe from the privileged bodies, diets. and estates. In North America this backlash caused the American Revolution, which began with the refusal to pay a tax imposed by the king of Great Britain. Monarchs tried to stop this reaction of the aristocracy, and both rulers and the privileged classes sought allies among the nonprivileged bourgeois and the peasants.

The political causes of the French revolution included the autocratic monarchy, bankruptcy and extravagant spending of royals. To understand the causes of the French Revolution, one needs to understand France’s political structure before the revolution began. An autocratic monarchy means that French society was governed by an all-powerful king or queen, believed to have been given divine right to rule by God. These monarchs were hereditary rulers, which meant that the son or daughter of the monarch would be the next ruler. As many believed the monarchs to be a “representative of God”, they did not question the orders of their rulers. But this unlimited power of the monarchs soon led to abuse.

  1. What was the significance of the Bolshevik Revolution? Discuss major developments in Russia after the Revolution.

Or

How would you explain the rise of Fascism in Italy? What was the nature of the Fascist state? 20 Section

2: Answer each question in about 250 words.

  1. What do you understand by democratic legitimation? What is the role of judiciary in democracy?

Or

Write a note on the Chartist movement. 12

  1. How did Napoleon Bonaparte use bureaucracy and educational institutions to reform the government?

Or

How would you differentiate the pattern of industrialization in Germany and France from Britain?

12

  1. How did the change come in economic position of women in modern Europe?

Or

What do you understand by nationalism? How did the idea of nationalism evolve in Europe? 12

  1. What was the effect of industrial growth on the rise of cities?

Or Write a note on the liberals and the socialists. 12

Section 3: Answer in about 100 words each.

  1. Write short notes on any two of the following:6 + 6
  2. i) Notion of liberty
  3. ii) Rise of the Middle Class

iii) Religious intolerance under the Nazis

  1. iv) Crisis of Capitalism.

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Important Note – You may be aware that you need to submit your assignments before you can appear for the Term End Exams. Please remember to keep a copy of your completed assignment, just in case the one you submitted is lost in transit.

Submission Date :

  • 31st March 2023 (if enrolled in the July 2022 Session)
  • 30th Sept, 2023 (if enrolled in the January 2023 session).

IGNOU Instructions for the EHI 07 MODERN EUROPE MID-18TH TO MID-20TH CENTURIES  

EHI 07 MODERN EUROPE MID-18TH TO MID-20TH CENTURIES Solved Assignment 2022-23 Before attempting the assignment, please read the following instructions carefully.

  1. Read the detailed instructions about the assignment given in the Handbook and Programme Guide.
  2. Write your enrolment number, name, full address and date on the top right corner of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  3. Write the course title, assignment number and the name of the study centre you are attached to in the centre of the first page of your response sheet(s).
  4. Use only foolscap size paperfor your response and tag all the pages carefully
  5. Write the relevant question number with each answer.
  6. You should write in your own handwriting.

GUIDELINES FOR IGNOU Assignments 2022-23

EHI 07 Solved Assignment 2022-23 You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:

  1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
  2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
  3. Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answers, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize.

IGNOU Assignment Front Page

The top of the first page of your response sheet should look like this: Get IGNOU Assignment Front page through. And Attach on front page of your assignment. Students need to compulsory attach the front page in at the beginning of their handwritten assignment.

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EHI 07 Handwritten Assignment 2022-23

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