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MPYE 007 Solved Assignment 2021-22
i) Give answer of all five questions.
ii) All five questions carry equal marks.
iii) The answer of questions no. 1 and 2 should be in about 500 words.
1. Compare Leibniz’s and Spinoza’s aim of philosophy. 20
Write an essay on Indian Theories of meaning. 20
The rationalism of Spinoza and Leibniz
The tradition of Continental rationalism was carried on by two philosophers of genius: the Dutch Jewish philosopher Benedict Spinoza (1632–77) and his younger contemporary Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716), a Leipzig scholar and polymath. Whereas Bacon’s philosophy had been an enquiry for method in science and Descartes’s basic aim had been the achievement of scientific certainty, Spinoza’s speculative system was one among the foremost comprehensive of the first modern period. In certain respects Spinoza had much in common with Hobbes: a mechanistic worldview and even a political philosophy that sought political stability in centralized power. Yet Spinoza introduced a conception of philosophizing that was new the Renaissance; philosophy became a private and moral go after wisdom and therefore the achievement of human perfection.
Spinoza’s work of art , the Ethics, borrowed much from Descartes: the goal of a rational understanding of principles, the terminology of “substance” and “clear and distinct ideas,” and therefore the expression of philosophical knowledge during a complete deductive system using the geometric model of the weather of Euclid (flourished c. 300 BCE). Spinoza conceived of the universe pantheistically as one infinite substance, which he called “God,” with the twin attributes (or aspects) of thought and extension (see pantheism). Extension is differentiated into plural “modes,” or particular things, and therefore the world as an entire possesses the properties of a timeless logical system—a complex of completely determined causes and effects. For Spinoza, the wisdom that philosophy seeks is ultimately achieved when one perceives the universe in its wholeness through the “intellectual love of God,” which merges the finite individual with eternal unity and provides the mind with the pure joy that’s the ultimate achievement of its search.
Whereas the essential elements of the Spinozistic worldview are given within the Ethics, Leibniz’s philosophy must be pieced together from numerous brief expositions, which seem to be mere philosophical interludes in an otherwise busy life. But the philosophical form is deceptive. Leibniz was a mathematician (he and Sir Newton independently invented the infinitesimal calculus), a jurist (he codified the laws of Mainz), a diplomat, a historian to royalty, and a court librarian during a princely house. Yet he was also one among the foremost original philosophers of the first modern period. His chief contributions were within the fields of logic, during which he was a very brilliant innovator, and metaphysics, during which he provided a rationalist alternative to the philosophies of Descartes and Spinoza. Leibniz conceived of logic as a mathematical calculus. He was the primary to differentiate “truths of reason” from “truths of fact” and to contrast the required propositions of logic and arithmetic , which hold altogether “possible worlds,” with the contingent propositions of science, which hold only in some possible worlds (including the particular world). He saw clearly that, because the first quite proposition is governed by the principle of contradiction (a proposition and its negation cannot both be true), the second is governed by the principle of sufficient reason (nothing exists or is that the case without a sufficient reason).In metaphysics, Leibniz’s pluralism contrasted with Descartes’s dualism and Spinoza’s monism (see pluralism and monism). Leibniz posited the existence of an infinite number of spiritual substances, which he called “monads,” each different, each a percipient of the universe around it, and every mirroring that universe from its own point of view. However, the differences between Leibniz’s philosophy which of Descartes and Spinoza are smaller than their similarities, especially their extreme rationalism.
2. a) Distinguish weak and string form of Empiricism.
b) Highlight some salient features of Substantive reason. 10+10= 20
Write an essay on Hermeneutic method. “Non-violence is a virtue.” Try to explain this Ethical statement using hermeneutical method. 20
3. Give the answer of any two questions in about 250 words each. 2*10= 20
a) Explain the semantic autonomy of the text. 10
b) Elucidate the differences between Structuralism and Post-structuralism? 10
c) Evaluate Hebarmas’s theory of Society. 10
d) ‘Esse est percepi’. Examine. 10
4. Give answer of any four questions in about 150 words each. 4*5= 20
a) Explain the idea of ‘difference’ in Derrida’s philosophy. 5
b) Write a note on the ‘Language Game’ in Wittgenstein. 5
c) Figure out the differences between Plato’s and Aristotle’s idea of dialectics. 5
d) Write an essay on the geometrical method of Spinoza. 5
e) Evaluate the idea of ‘theory-dependence of observation’. 5
f) State the salient features of Phenomenal Dialectics. 5
5. Write short notes on any five in about 100 words each. 5*4= 20
a) Abhidha 4
b) Triangulation 4
c) Hypothesis 4
d) Discourse Dialectics 4
e) Cogito ergo sum 4
f) ‘Relations of Ideas’ in Hume’s Philosophy 4
g) Instrumental Reason 4
h) Phenomenological Reduction 4
IGNOU MPYE 007 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (MAPY) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY (MAPY) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MPYE 007 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrollment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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