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MPCE 021 Solved Assignment 2021-22
Course Code: MPCE-021
Assignment Code: MPCE-021/ASST/TMA/2021-22
NOTE: All questions are compulsory.
SECTION – A
Answer the following questions in 1000 words each. 3 x 15 = 45 marks
1. Define counseling. Describe the process of developing and working in a counseling relationship.
Counseling process refers to events, characteristics, or conditions that occur during or as a results of the interaction between counselor and client. The therapeutic relationship that develops during counseling sessions is an example of counseling process; completing homework outside of session also constitutes an occasion that matches within counseling process. Process can ask what the counselor does with the client also as how change occurs within the client. In contrast, counseling outcome refers to the results or effects of counseling. Outcomes are those phenomena that change within the client as an immediate or indirect results of counseling. Presumably, process influences outcome, although research has been unsuccessful at demonstrating consistent links between measures of process and measures of outcomes.
Measurement of counseling process and outcome has been one among the foremost vexing tasks within the history of counseling and psychotherapy research. one among the key problems in process and outcome measurement is that while many process and outcome measures are created, no consensus exists about what measures or how these measures should be used in practice or research. Researchers ask this because the units of measurement issue: With any particular client, or in any particular study, what should be measured? Process researchers have investigated such variables because the amount of talking by counselors or clients, counselor competence, therapist adherence to a task or treatment manual, client experiencing of affect, the strength of the therapeutic bond, client defensiveness or resistance, severity of client problem(s), and language use. As researchers have noted, process clearly signifies many various things.
Counseling Process Measures
This section reviews a stratified sample of 5 counseling process measures. the outline of every measure includes an summary of the test, brief information about reliability and validity findings, a counseling-related research result found with this measure, and a minimum of one potential problem or issue with the measure.
Five Process Measures
Working Alliance Inventory (WAI). This 36-item scale includes parallel forms that are completed by client, counselor, and observer; a short-form of 12 items has also been recently developed. The WAI measures aspects of the working alliance that Bordin suggested would grow out of an agreement between client and therapist on counseling goals and tasks. The WAI produces scores on 3 subscales of 12 items each (tasks, goals, and therefore the therapeutic bond) and a complete score.
Session Evaluation Questionnaire (SEQ). The SEQ was developed to live clients’ perceptions of a counseling session’s impact on them in terms of post-session mood and immediate effects. Twenty-four items, rated on a 7-point semantic differential scale, produce a complete score and 4 subscale scores (Depth, Smoothness, Positivity, and Arousal). With a semantic differential scale, the 2 extremes of the construct are presented with the numbers between them (e.g., Safe-1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Dangerous, or Quiet-1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Aroused). Raters choose the amount that best expresses their feeling. Depth items ask the client’s in-session perception of the session’s value and impact, while Smoothness items assess in-session perceptions of safety and distress.
Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form (EAC-B). Clients’ expectations about counseling form a potentially important explanation for why clients seek counseling and what they expect to occur. The Expectations About Counseling-Brief Form (EAC-B) has been the foremost widely employed measure during this area for research purposes. The EAC-B contains items answered on a 7-point Likert scale that ranges from not faithful definitely true. Responses to the 66 items are employed to supply scores on 17 scales that are grouped in four general areas of Client Attitudes and Behaviors, Counselor Attitudes and Behaviors, Counselor Characteristics, and Counseling Process and Outcome.
Client Reactions System (CRS). Hill and colleagues developed the CRS, a measure that contains 21 categories of reactions (14 positive and seven negative categories) that clients experience in response to counselor interventions. samples of the positive categories include Feelings, where the client felt more deeply; Supported, where the client feels that the counselor liked or cared for the client; Relieved, with decreased feelings of hysteria or depression; and Responsibility, where the client blamed others less and took more responsibility for events.
Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory (COSE). Bandura’s self-efficacy theory forms the theoretical basis for newer process-oriented measures. The theory’s basic idea is that expectations of private competence strongly influence the initiation and persistence of behavior. to make the COSE, Larson and colleagues administered the Likert-format items to 213 students enrolled in master’s level counseling courses and performed an element analysis on the resulting responses.
2. Highlight the stages in the evolution of psychoanalysis. Describe the techniques of psychoanalytic therapy.
3. Describe the therapeutic process and goals of SFBT.
SECTION – B
Answer the following questions in 400 words each. 5 x 5 = 25 marks
4. Explain the ego defense mechanisms with examples.
5. Discuss the goals and techniques of gestalt approach to counseling.
6. Describe the ethical principles of counseling.
7. Explain counseling for child abuse.
8. Explain addictive behavior and the process of developing addiction.
SECTION – C
Answer the following questions in 50 words each. 10 x 3 = 30 marks
9. Counselling and Psychotherapy
10. ABC model of CBT
11. Aversion therapy
13. Signs and symptoms of depression
14. Diagnosis of anorexia nervosa
15. Triggers of binge eating
16. Schizoid personality
17. Cyclothymic personality
18. Avoidant personality disorder
IGNOU MPCE 021 Solved Assignment 2021-22 : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY (MAPC) assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMME IN PSYCHOLOGY (MAPC) IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR MPCE 021 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1. Planning: Read the questions carefully. Go through the units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange these in a logical order. And please write the answers in your own words. Do not reproduce passages from the units.
2. Organisation: Be a little more selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. In an essay-type question, give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. The introduction must offer your brief interpretation of the question and how you propose to develop it. The conclusion must summarise your response to the question. In the course of your answer, you may like to make references to other texts or critics as this will add some depth to your analysis.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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