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BANC 133 Solved Assignment 2021-22 In English Medium
Course Code: BANC-133
Assignment Code: ASST /TMA /July 2021 and January 2022
Total Marks: 100
There are three Assignments. All questions are compulsory.
Assignment – A
Answer the following in about 500 words each. 20X2= 40
a. Discuss the relevance of social and cultural anthropology.
Social and social anthropology
A distinctive “social” or “cultural” anthropology emerged within the 1920s. it had been related to the social sciences and linguistics, instead of with human biology and archaeology. In Britain especially social anthropologists came to take themselves as comparative sociologists, but the idea persisted that anthropologists were primarily concerned with contemporary hunter-gatherers or pastoralists, and in practice evolutionary ways of thinking may often be discerned below the surface of functionalist argument that represents itself as ahistorical. A stream of serious monographs and comparative studies appeared within the 1930s and ’40s that described and classified the social structures of what were termed tribal societies. In African Political Systems (1940), Meyer Fortes and Edward Evans-Pritchard proposed a triadic classification of African polities. Some African societies (e.g., the San) were organized into kin-based bands. Others (e.g., the Nuer and therefore the Tallensi) were federations of unilineal descent groups, each of which was related to a territorial segment. Finally, there have been territorially based states (e.g., those of the Tswana of southern Africa and therefore the Kongo of Central African Republic , or the emirates of northwestern Africa), during which kinship and descent regulated only domestic relationships. Kin-based bands lived by foraging, lineage-based societies were often pastoralists, and therefore the states combined agriculture, pastoralism, and trade. In effect, this was a change of the evolutionist stages into a synchronic classification of types. Though speculations about origins were discouraged, it had been apparent that the kinds could easily be rearranged during a sequence from the smallest amount to the foremost sophisticated.
There were similar attempts to classify systems of kinship and marriage, the foremost famous being that of the French anthropologist Levi-Strauss . In 1949 he presented a classification of marriage systems from diverse localities, again within the framework of an implicit evolutionary series. The crucial evolutionary moment was the introduction of the incest taboo, which obliged men to exchange their sisters and daughters with other men so as to accumulate wives for themselves and their sons. These marriage exchanges successively bound family groups together into societies. In societies organized by what Lévi-Strauss termed “elementary systems” of kinship and marriage, the key social units were exogamous descent groups. He represented the Australian Aboriginals because the most fully realized example of an elementary system, while most of the societies with complex kinship systems were to be found within the times , in complex civilizations.
American anthropology since the 1950s
In the us a “culture-and-personality” school developed that drew rather on new movements in psychology (particularly psychoanalysis and Gestalt psychology). Later developments within the social sciences resulted within the emergence of a positivist cross-cultural project, related to George P. Murdock at Yale University , which applied statistical methods to a sample of world cultures and attempted to determine universal functionalist relationships between sorts of marriage, descent systems, property relationships, and other variables. Under the influence of the American social theorist Parsons , the anthropologists at Harvard University were drawn into team projects with sociologists and psychologists. They came to be considered the specialists within the study of “culture” within the framework of an interdisciplinary science .
b. Write a note on fieldwork traditions in anthropology.
Assignment – B
Answer the following in about 250 words each. (Write Short Notes) 10X3=30
b. The British and American Schools of Anthropology.
c. Discuss institutions within the ambit of social and cultural anthropology
Assignment – C
Answer the following questions in about 150 words each. 5X6=30
a. Rapport Building
b. Caste and Tribe
c. Contemporary theories
e. Survey method
f. Report Writing
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You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1) Planning: Read the assignments carefully, go through the Units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order.
2) Organisation: Be a little selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. Give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. Make sure that your answer:
a) is logical and coherent;
b) has clear connections between sentences and paragraphs, and
c) is written correctly giving adequate consideration to your expression, style and
3) Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answer, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize. Make sure that the answer is within the stipulated word limit.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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