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BANC 131 Solved Assignment 2021-22 In English Medium
Course Code: BANC 131
Assignment Code: BANC 131/ASST/TMA/2021-2022
Total Marks: 100
There are three Assignments. All questions are compulsory.
Assignment – I
Answer the following in about 500 words each.
1. Define Anthropology and its various branches. 20
Anthropology, “the science of humanity,” which studies citizenry in aspects starting from the biology and evolutionary history of Homo sapiens to the features of society and culture that decisively distinguish humans from other animal species. due to the various material it encompasses, anthropology has become, especially since the center of the 20th century, a set of more specialized fields. anthropology is that the branch that concentrates on the biology and evolution of humanity. it’s discussed in greater detail within the article human evolution. The branches that study the social and cultural constructions of human groups are variously recognized as belonging to cultural anthropology (or ethnology), social anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and psychological anthropology (see below). Archaeology (see below), because the method of investigation of prehistoric cultures, has been an integral a part of anthropology since it became a self-conscious discipline within the latter half the 19th century. (For a extended treatment of the history of archaeology, see archaeology.)
Throughout its existence as a tutorial discipline, anthropology has been located at the intersection of science and humanities. The biological evolution of Homo sapiens and therefore the evolution of the capacity for culture that distinguishes humans from all other species are indistinguishable from each other . While the evolution of the human species may be a biological development just like the processes that gave rise to the opposite species, the historical appearance of the capacity for culture initiates a qualitative departure from other sorts of adaptation, supported a very variable creativity indirectly linked to survival and ecological adaptation. The historical patterns and processes related to culture as a medium for growth and alter , and therefore the diversification and convergence of cultures through history, are thus major foci of anthropological research.
In the middle of the 20th century, the distinct fields of research that separated anthropologists into specialties were (1) anthropology , emphasizing the organic process and endowment that distinguishes Homo sapiens from other species, (2) archaeology, supported the physical remnants of past cultures and former conditions of up to date cultures, usually found buried within the earth, (3) linguistic anthropology, emphasizing the unique human capacity to speak through articulate speech and therefore the diverse languages of humankind, and (4) social and/or social anthropology , emphasizing the cultural systems that distinguish human societies from each other and therefore the patterns of social organisation related to these systems. By the center of the 20th century, many American universities also included (5) psychological anthropology, emphasizing the relationships among culture, social organization , and therefore the person as an individual .
The concept of culture because the entire way of life or system of meaning for a person’s community was a specialized idea shared mainly by anthropologists until the latter half the 20th century. However, it had become a commonplace by the start of the 21st century. The study of anthropology as a tutorial subject had expanded steadily through those 50 years, and therefore the number of professional anthropologists had increased with it. The range and specificity of anthropological research and therefore the involvement of anthropologists in work outside of educational life have also grown, resulting in the existence of the many specialized fields within the discipline. Theoretical diversity has been a feature of anthropology since it began and, although the conception of the discipline as “the science of humanity” has persisted, some anthropologists now question whether it’s possible to bridge the gap between the natural sciences and therefore the humanities. Others argue that new integrative approaches to the complexities of person and becoming will emerge from new subfields handling such subjects as health and illness, ecology and environment, and other areas of human life that don’t yield easily to the excellence between “nature” and “culture” or “body” and “mind.”
2. Describe fieldwork tradition in Anthropology. 20
Assignment – II
Answer the following questions in about 250 words each.
3. Discuss the relationship of biological Anthropology with allied fields 10
4. Explain the development of Archaeological Anthropology 10
5. Write note case study method. 10
Assignment – III
Answer the following questions in about 125 words each.
6. Write short note on ethnographic approach. 5
7. What is Emic and Ethic approach? 5
8. Anthropometry. 5
9. Excavation. 5
10. Note on evaluative phase of Social Anthropology in India. 5
11. Cultural relativism. 5
IGNOU BANC 131 Solved Assignment 2021-22 In English Medium : Gandhi National Open University had recently updated this session of 2021-22 BDP/BA assignments on their official university website. we’ve made your work easy by making the solved assignments directly on one portal so as that students can easily get the solved assignments in one go. Students are advised to download their BDP/BA IGNOU Assignments from this webpage itself with none hassle.
GUIDELINES FOR BANC 131 Solved Assignment:-
You will find it useful to keep the following points in mind:
1) Planning: Read the assignments carefully, go through the Units on which they are based. Make some points regarding each question and then rearrange them in a logical order.
2) Organisation: Be a little selective and analytic before drawing up a rough outline of your answer. Give adequate attention to your introduction and conclusion. Make sure that your answer:
a) is logical and coherent;
b) has clear connections between sentences and paragraphs, and
c) is written correctly giving adequate consideration to your expression, style and
3) Presentation: Once you are satisfied with your answer, you can write down the final version for submission, writing each answer neatly and underlining the points you wish to emphasize. Make sure that the answer is within the stipulated word limit.
Please ensure the following before submitting your assignment :
1. Your enrolment number, name and address have been written correctly.
2. The title of the course and assignment number has been written clearly.
3. Each assignment on each course has been written on separate sheets and pinned properly.
4. All the questions in a particular section should be answered before attempting the next
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